On your trip to Russia, you are advised to visit not only cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg, but also places that do not have that worldwide fame and thus are spectacular. Each year more than 25 thousand people come to the Karadag Nature Museum, which is located in the vicinity of Koktebel, in the village of Spa. Its history began in 1914, almost simultaneously with the opening of the Karadag scientific station. The first exhibitions of the museum could fit in two closets, located in the ground floor of the laboratory complex. Two years later, the museum was visited by a group of students from Yekaterinburg, and in the 1920’s, the research activities of the same are constantly developing.
Over time, the museum collections expanded, adding new exhibits, and in 1970, the collection encompassed more than 1,000 objects. There are 200 geological and biological exhibitions as well as several plush birds. The staff of the museum has focused on educational activities: there were fascinating lectures, thematic workshops and meetings, which were attended by students and teachers.
At the beginning of the 21st century, the museum was waiting for the reconstruction, during which it was modernized to a great extent. The renovated museum opened its doors to visitors in 2004.
The museum exhibition
The exhibition space of the museum occupies 103 square meters and is divided into several sections: historical, geological and mineralogical, land and marine biosphere. Careful attention is paid to the natural features of the Karadag massive mountain. By way of introduction, visitors are invited to explore the design of the map “Karadag and its surroundings.” The section exposition talks about the most important historical milestones of the activities of scientific institutions, organized at the foot of the mountain. Here you can find historical photographs, books and biographical material about station employees.
The geological and mineralogical section shows characteristic details of the sedimentary rocks like Karadaga and volcanic. The Karadag mountain range is a true mineralogical pantry. Visitors to the museum can learn about a variety of minerals from zeolites, quartz, chalcedony and carnelian. It is properly represented by the collection of samples of sedimentary rocks: sandstone, clay, gypsum and others.
The section of the exhibition dedicated to the terrestrial part of the reserve, reports on the characteristics of plant and animal life of Karadag, which is diverse, despite apparently inhospitable landscapes. Here, in relation to the habitats, native mammals were collected, as well as birds, amphibians, reptiles, and butterflies that are well represented, besides a species of the Crimean flora. Particular importance is attached to rare and protected species.
Much of the Crimean nature is an inaccessible idling, which is only observed in certain times of the year. The museum’s exhibition opens up so subtly that it helps to become familiar with the world of its reserved character.
The tour will also allow you to prepare to travel further along the ecological footpath of the Karadag reservation; This unique wilderness area of the Crimean mountains.