The temples in Murom are worthy of obligatory visits, so the Church of San Cosma and Damian (Church of Kosmodemyanskaya) according to legend, it was built in the place where from July 10 to 20, 1552 the tent of Ivan the Terrible was located, who was going to Kazan. The king promised to built the churches of Murom in case the campaign was successful.
But this is not just a legend that is associated with the temple. Another legend says that in the lower part, under the church, are the tombs of the five commanders of Múrom dead in the taking of Kazán. The third version says that the temple bears its name in honor of the healing saints martyred in Rome, and after the two local blacksmith brothers who decided to help Ivanu Groznomu to deal with the Tartars, as soon as the enemy entered the field, across the river, they set fire to it. In the confusion of the fire, the Russian troops crossed the river and successfully attacked the army of Khan and the brave Cosma and Damian died in the battle.
The beautiful dome shestnadtsatigranny is 12 meters high and collapsed by old age in 1868, and the store is crowned by today’s church, where construction was done in 2009.
The architectural plan of the church is quite typical for the construction of that time: there is a small structure of white stone “octagon in the ring” in the church with a tent in the shape of a vault. The decoration of the cornice is the only decorative detail, diluted and strict with a simple appearance. Unfortunately, the height of the beautiful dome Shestnadtsatigranny of 12 meters collapsed from old age in 1868, and the store, is crowned by the Church today, where construction was done in 2009. In the process of restoration of the dome was finished like a drum, which is adorned. The dome is crowned with a small Phillips onion.
Another legend says that the construction of the church was dedicated to the architects Barma and Pskov, who built San Vasiliya Blazhennogo in Moscow.
The utensils of the original temple were transferred to the church of Smolensk, which therefore owes its second name to Novokosmodemyanskaya. There is a rare icon of St. Nicholas of the 16th century, which was moved later to the Múrom Museum. In this museum you can see a replica of the Kosmodemyanskiy temple in miniature.