The Palace of the precious Bakhchisaray Khan, the legendary “Garden City”, where everything is admired. The great enthusiastic poets wrote about him, as well as writers, musicians and monarchs. This palace is surprising and undoubtedly a unique example of Crimean-Tatar architecture. It is a city within a city, full of mosques, baths, mausoleums, ornate, painted and decorations made with great care and skill. When this place was built, the new Khan was based on the idea of the realization of the Islamic concepts of heavenly tabernacles, and successively each ruler added something of his own. As you enter the territory of Khan Palace, you will feel a surprising atmosphere and a mysterious East.
The construction of this wonderful palace began in the 16th century, during the reign of Khan Sahib I Giray. Previously, the residence of the Crimean khans was in a different place, but the shirilsya courtyard grew so much that finally the governor, nobles and numerous servants filled the place. Then it was decided to build a new palace, which, today we can have the joy of admiring. The oldest buildings in the complex are the Big Khan Mosque and the Sari-Guzel baths, built in 1532, with a strict design, there is also an old building with a portal called Demir Kapi (1508), however it is worth pointing out that it was built elsewhere, and subsequently moved here.
Each Khan appeared with something new in the palace, the governor wanted to put something in memory of the descendants. During the war between Russia and Crimean kanato, when the capital was taken by Munnich Field Marshal’s troops, the palace was destroyed, but Captain Manstein was instructed to recreate the description of the palace. After this, this palace was restored.
In May 1787 it was visited by the Bajchisarái, Catalina II, the Empress, and representatives of other major European powers like the emperor of Austria Ioisif II, and of the ambassadors of France, Austria and England. where an extensive work of restoration was carried out for their arrival.
In 1818, an inscription in Russian and Tartar was written “In Memory of the Noble Empress Catherine II-I who deigned to be Bakhchisaray” on May 14, 1787. ” Later the palace of Bakhchisaray was visited by other members of the royal family, such as the emperors Alexander I, Alexander II, Nicholas II, and many other well-known people, including the poets, Pushkin and Zhukovsky and a hero of the Second World War, General Rajewski. In the difficult years of the Crimean War, the luxurious walls of the palace housed the infirmary, where Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov, a great surgeon, operated.