The monastery was founded in 1690 by the bishop of that time, San Pitirim of Tambov. It is considered one of the most beautiful mansions in the diocese of Tambov. The Monastery is located on the northern outskirts of the city, at the mouth of the river Alexander Hawrushka Studentsov, and its first abbess was Catherine, the sister of Bishop Pitirim.
The monastery had a bad fate, as it burned in flames, and had to be rebuilt. A little of that mess still remains inside its walls. The monastery was closed for a long period, during Soviet power, and reopened its doors in the 20th century. Eventually everything began peacefully and, as in many other poor Russian monasteries, the Ascension Monastery was gradually expanded and rebuilt during Several centuries.
Initially, 18 cells had been built for the nuns, with a simple wooden hut where there was not even a church and a clergy. On the reform of Catherine II in 1764, the monastery received full-time status.
The first stone church was built a hundred years later and in 1816 the second monastery church was built. Glorious days arrived for the monastery in the first half of the 19th century, when the nun Miropiya (known as Adenkova in the world) was installed.
Nun Miropiya (Maria Ivanovna) noble of Moscow, was born in 1766 and was blessed in the generic icon of Kazan, Mother of God. Unfortunately, the life of the family of Maria Ivanovna was short, because her husband died shortly after, and the rich widow decided to stay in the monastery of Moscow, Zachateisk Alexeyev. So she lived there, without knowing or having any idea about the monastery of Tambov, until World War II in 1812, by the arrival of Napoleon, since all the sisters left the monastery and met on the route with Adenkova. Taking the longest road in the treasured icon of Kazan, Mother of God, he encountered a coachman and almost became his victim.
He planned to rob a nun, but Adenkova suspected him, and from the bottom of his heart prayed to the Queen of Heaven, until he heard a voice that said, “Fear not, I am your protector.” At the same moment the coachman lost his sight, confessed between tears and asked Maria Ivanovna to pray for his cure. Of course, she felt sorry for the coachman, and after a brief prayer to the icon of the Virgin, she turned her eyes and took her to the convent.
She took the veil under the name Miropiya, and for 14 years she lived as a nun in a simple wooden cell, which was in the front corner of the blazing lamp, in front of the Kazan icon of the Mother of God. Before his death, he thought of transferring the icon of the Virgin to the church of the monastery, and was ordered to deliver the icon Shatskaia Vyshenskii, which was made by the sisters of the Ascension Monastery, as well as the icon Vyshenskii (Kazan). Nowadays the icon of the Virgin remains there, illuminating the way for those who suffer, bringing relief and rest to all who come to pay tribute to the prayer of the heart.
The Monastery at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century was characterized by its flowering. In the monastery there were choirs and a shelter for orphaned girls (Olginskaya school), as well as a building for the cooking of holy bread, parking and stables, barn and many other dependencies. The novices were not sitting idle, as they wove cloth and canvas, black cloth for suits and cassocks. There was also miter production, embroidered in gold and silver.
After the revolution of December 1918, the monastery fell in difficult times. It began to deteriorate and disintegrate, therefore it was stopped, even though the council was given “for use in cultural and educational purposes.” In the 90’s of the 20th century, the monastery was returned to believers, and rebuilt little by little. Today, the Ascension monastery is once again full of life, and enjoys all the pilgrims with warmth and special love, where Miropiyu is always remembered in daily prayers.