The “Kanaka” Reserve is located on the southern coast of Crimea near Alushta. It was built in 1987 on the basis of the natural monument, which was declared in 1947. The main attractive objects of Kanaks is a prehistoric forest of juniper and pistachio. Relict forests of this type can now be seen only in a couple of places in the Crimea.
The territory is 160 hectares long. The tract is located in the valley of the river of the same name, on the right bank. The height of the juniper reaches 10 meters, and is listed in the Red Book. The oldest “old” are eight hundred years old. The relict forest lives from before the ice age.
From the tourist point of view, Kanaka is very convenient, because right in the territory of the reserve, the resort is quite comfortable and has amazing weather. It lies at the foot of the Crimean mountains, halfway between Yalta and Alushta, both on the beach and in the middle of the grove. However, in order to enjoy the beauty of the forests and the park as a whole, you must stop in Kanaka. This can be achieved, for example, from Sudak itself.
The idea of organizing this sold-out place as a resource came before the revolution. The complex is designed for both military and charity funds for the construction of a medical institution, which met around the country. It was built on this complex and was named “Alexandria”. The future plans of the complex were the landscaping, the construction of the church and the layout of the park. But revolutionary events permanently put an end to all these plans.
The origin of the name of the reserve and the complex is controversial: some remember that the “Kanaka” in Ayurveda means “wild rose”, others see the connection with the Greek “reeds”.
As a resource, Kanaka became popular in Soviet times, then this one bore the name “Ray” in the main title of the local guest house, since the official had not selected it as a locality (actually Kanaka is not considered today). With the arrival of the decade of 1960, the departmental garden began to build here. The houses of so-called generals can be seen today.
The Kanaka has a clean beach of pebbles, it is two kilometers long with a width of about 25 meters, which can be considered one of the best in the region. If you are planning a trip to Russia and have visited the big and famous cities like Moscow, St. Petersburg, and the cities of the Golden Ring, do not forget to include that wonderful place on your list.