The guard corps is a modest but very significant room. Translated from the French language, its name is literally “The Shelter of Protection”, that is to say, the space for guards and watchmen. This special type of enrichment is usually in the vanguard and served to verify the entry of abandonment and reflect the first attack of the enemies. The Novgorod Corps is located in the old city exit in the direction of St. Petersburg. In St. Petersburg is called “Frontier”, and included two buildings for the protection of the city.
According to the decree of Empress Catherine II, published in the second half of the 18th century, all major cities in Russia must have an orderly development plan, available on the face of the earth, or only planned for future buildings. In Novgorod, this plan was developed in 1778, apart from it, the main streets have a great amount of attention which they cover until the limits of the city, from the exit as the entrance as destiny towards other great cities. In all these borders the frontier posts are built from the 30’s of the 19th century, which is a simple stone structure that serves for the celebration of the guard.
At the entrance to St. Petersburg there were two buildings in which the guards stood, who checked all incoming and outgoing calls. They were located on both sides of the wide road, this was a barrier between them. Consequently, the protection of the same building was the entrance and the other was the exit of the city. Over time the need arose to reinforce them, so they were rebuilt and repaired.
The restructuring project was designed by the renowned architect Fyodor Rerberg. In the course of the changes of the guard corps, houses were moved away from the small stone, as it was nondescript architectural works of art. The style of small buildings is a pronounced Russian classicism, especially the view of the facades of buildings on the north and south sides. There is an arched alcove with pilasters and a viewing window located between them.
Above the window there is a bas-relief with the coat of arms of Novgorod with its perfectly clear form so far.
From the west to the east, the decoration is smaller, but there are stucco panels with the stylized symbol of the Guard “crossed swords”. The eastern wall has a single window, and the entrance to the guard roomis located to the west. The entrance was too complex and adorned with a high relief, similar to those of the facade. Nowadays the construction of the guardhouse is conserved, which is used for commercial purposes, but with care, since it is protected by the State.