Religion and Ethnicity in Russia II
What to know about religions in Russia, many people are interested in this particular topic; therefore, we have prepared the following article; which speaks in part about Judaism in Russia or about Buddhism in Russia and more.
What to know about religions in Russia:
On Judaism in Russia
The records of the first Jews in the areas of current Russia date back to 11th and 12th centuries in the area of Kiev (former capital of the Russian empire); previously Ukraine and Armenia had already arrived in Georgia.
It is not until the sixteenth century when the mass expulsions of the Hebrew people in England, France and Spain made them emigrate to countries of Eastern Europe, Poland, Lithuania and Hungary, opening their territories to this ethnic group.
The Jewish Class by the end of the eighteenth century during the reign of Catherine the Great had acquired economic power as a middle class. So The Empress creates a “Settlement Zone”. To restrict your operations and trade. By the beginning of the 20th century this zone was basically eliminated by the First World War and the persecution that the Germans did; then part of these settlements are mobilized during the Soviet era to the Caucasus; But taxes are imposed on education. During the Soviet era this zone also divides and part of it becomes part of Poland.
Among the places of Jewish subjects to visit in Russia are: The Jewish Museum and of Tolerance of Moscow; The Choral synagogue of Moscow; Built in the 19th century by Alexander II, it is currently the main Hebrew temple in Russia; also in the capital you can see those of Maryina Rosha and that of Bronnaya Moscow Synagogue. It is special to mention the St. Petersburg Coral Synagogue of a beautiful architecture built between 1880 and 1888.
About Buddhism in Russia
The branch that is practiced in Russia is Mongolian Buddhism itself, is generated from Tibetan Buddhism, This ethnic group reached the eastern sides of Lake Baikal in the seventeenth century. It is interesting to see how in all the Siberian zone beautiful Buddhist temples are found where the visitors are received with great humility.
In Ivolguinski Datsan is located the capital of Russian Buddhism; Getting to this area can be a unique experience to see the sanctuary of the twelfth Khambo Lama, who died in 1957 and by explicit order asked that his body was exhumed at thirty years, the first time it was seen that the body was not only intact if not the limbs retained their mobility, this was continued every thirty years and the body remained the same. Currently a beautiful central temple where his remains rest is the core of the complex in the region.
The tourist is surprised to see people who often describe as “Chinese” and who are really from Russia who speak simply Russian, these are of Mongol origin or the Mongol area belonging to Russia.
The Soviet Era
The great persecutor of religions was as it is known worldwide, Iosif Stalin; imprisoned or sent to the labor camps (GULAG) the majority of priests; He starved and deported millions of Jews and mobilized the Tartars and killed these and the Buddhists equally. But paradoxically it is said that inside the Dormition Cathedral in The Moscow Kremlin; In mid-October 1941 Stalin sent a mass to request that the city was not taken by the Nazis. Also during the Second World War he sent the priests he had captured to the front of the battle to bless the soldiers. They also say that by superstition he never ordered St. Basil to be overthrown; but the truth is that Lenin himself had ordered to restore it.
Other religious places to visit
Temple of all religions:
In Kazan is located the temple of all religions, although in reality it is not an active temple; rather a structure created for the rehabilitation of people with addictions; It is worth being visited as it is a landmark of the city of Kazan.
The Cathedrals of all the Russian Kremlin:
Actually the word Kremlin means strength and in the historical cities of Russia there was always one; Within these sites there were of course churches that are usually quite old and have very interesting stories. If we start that in the Moscow Kremlin there are 5 cathedrals; the most important is the Dormition; that it was from the 15th century until the 19th century the main church of Orthodox Christianity, the Cathedral of the Archangel Michael of Nizhny Novgorod; where the remains of Kuzma Minin are, he was liberator of Russia in 1612 of the Polish_Lithuana invasion jointly with Dmitry Pozharsky.
It is also important to highlight the monasteries fortresses such as: Novodievichy in Moscow, Solovetsky Monastery; on the white sea, The Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg; or the Island of Sviyazhsk in Kazan.
The Church of the Immaculate Conception of Moscow:
If you are in the capital, we recommend going through the most important Catholic temple in the city; It is neo-Gothic style at the beginning of the 20th century, it is a beautiful point to see
The Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord (Cathedral of the Armenian Church):
Armenia has its own way of professing Christianity; It is not common to see an Armenian Church like that, if it is in Moscow; It is also interesting to visit a temple of this style. From an ex-Soviet republic like the beautiful Armenia.
These are some of the points to mention because the list is extensive and loaded with a lot of history. Russia is a unique place to discover a meeting of cultures and religions where the East and the West mingle, live together and differ at the same time.
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