The Guard Corps at the Gates of St. Petersburg

The bodyguard is a room of modest size, but very significant. Translated from the French language, its name is literally like “The Housing of Protection”, that is to say, the space for the guards and vigilantes. This special type of enrichment is usually in the vanguard and served to verify the entry of the abandonment and reflect the first attack of the enemies. The Novgorod Corps is located in the old exit of the city in the direction of St. Petersburg. In St. Petersburg it is called “Frontier”, and it included two buildings for the protection of the city.

According to the decree of Empress Catherine II, published in the second half of the 18th century, all the major cities of Russia must have an orderly development plan, available on the face of the earth, or only planned for future buildings. In Novgorod, this plan was developed in 1778, apart from that, the main streets have a great amount of attention which is included to the limits of the city, from the exit as the entrance as a destination to other large cities. In all these borders the border posts are built since the 30s of the 19th century, which is a simple stone structure used for the celebration of the guard.

At the entrance to St. Petersburg there were two buildings where the guards were placed, who checked all incoming and outgoing calls. They were located on both sides of the wide road, this was a barrier between them. Consequently, the protection of the same building was the entrance and the other was the exit from the city. Over time the need arose to reinforce them, so they were rebuilt and repaired.

The restructuring project was designed by the renowned architect Fyodor Rerberg. In the course of the changes occurred the guard corps moved away from the small stone houses, as it was anodyne of the architectural works of art. The style of small buildings is a pronounced Russian classicism, especially the view of the facades of the buildings on the north and south sides. There is an arched niche with pilasters and a viewing window located between them.

Above the window, there is a bas-relief with the coat of arms of Novgorod with its perfectly clear form so far.

From the west to the east, the decoration is smaller, but there are stucco panels with the stylized symbol of the Guard “crossed swords”. The eastern wall has only one window, and to the west is the entrance to the guard room. The entrance was too complex and decorated with high relief, similar to the facade. Nowadays the construction of the guardhouse is conserved, which is used for commercial purposes, but with care since it is protected by the State.

 

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