Discover the biggest rivers in Russia
Visit the largest rivers in Russia, where nature is at its best. Knowing Russia’s Largest Rivers is ideal for you; You will see the most beautiful landscapes of Russia. Excursion in Russia’s Largest Rivers with Free Russia Tours is possible.
The Russian Federation is a superpower, the largest state in the world and the geography of the country; just as if we had not studied it in school, it is still a giant hole; a thick knowledge gap for most of the citizens of our vast Homeland. Our article was created for those who want to know more about their country; as much as possible, and today for the most curious is another cognitive article. Today we will talk about the country’s waterways, the Russian Rivers that are the largest. Do you know that Russian river is the greatest of all?
Visit the Largest Rivers in Russia
Russia is one of the most stressed countries by water in the world. The country has almost the largest reserves of fresh water. The surface waters occupy 12.4% of the territory of Russia; while 84% of the surface waters are concentrated east of the Urals.
By the way, did you know that there are around 2.5 million rivers in the territory of Russia?
the largest number of these rivers is relatively small and its length is usually no more than 100 kilometers. But as for the great rivers; They are really huge and reach impressive dimensions. Therefore, let’s work together to understand it:
Excursion in the Biggest Rivers of Russia:
Ob River is the largest river in Russia
The Ob River is in Western Siberia; the longest river in Russia (5,410 km) and the second longest in Asia. This is formed in the Altai by the merging of the Biya and Katun rivers; the length of the Ob River from the confluence of 3650 km (from the source of the Irtysh 5410 km). In the north, the river empties into the Kara Sea, forming a gulf (about 800 km long), which is called the Bay of Ob.
The area of the Ob basin is 2,990,000 km. According to this indicator, the Russian river occupies the first place in Russia. The Ob is also the third river of water in Russia (after the Yenisei and Lena).
The Yenisei River is the most abundant river in Russia
Yenisei is a Russian river located in Siberia, which flows into the sea of Kara. The length of the river, from the sources of the small Yenisei is 4287 kilometers. Yenisei flows over the territory of two countries (Russia and Mongolia), its area is 2,580,000 square kilometers; which allows it to occupy the second place among the rivers of Russia. It generates 600 cubic kilometers of water per year, which flows into the Kara Sea. This is almost three times more than the flow of the Volga, and even more than all the rivers of European Russia.
Three hydroelectric plants have been built on the Yenisei River: Sayano-Shushenskaya, Krasnoyarskaya and Maynskaya.
On the left bank of the Yenisei, the plain of Western Siberia ends and on the right bank begins the taiga of the mountain. Therefore, at the top, you can see camels, and downstream the polar bears.
So far, there are legends about the origin of the word Yenisey; if it is an old Russian-style word Tunguska “ECEH”; which means big water; either from Kyrgyzstan “Ene-Say” the Mother River.
The Yenisei and other rivers of Siberia bring so much heat to the Arctic Ocean that they would cause the burning of 3 billion tons of fuel. If it were not for the rivers, the climate of the North would have been more severe.
The Lena River is a great Siberian river.
It is one of the longest rivers in the world
Rivers of Russia
Its waterway begins near Lake Baikal, makes a huge curve in the direction of Yakutsk, and then rushes north and flows into the Laptev Sea, forming an extensive delta. The length of the mighty river is 4400 km. This is the eleventh place in the world.
Its area is 2 490 000 square kilometers, which rightly makes the third largest river in Russia. It is believed that for the first time the Russians learned about this river in the seventeenth century, sending a detachment of Cossacks to look for it.
The Amur River is the main symbol of the Far East in Transbaikalia
Crossing saws and plains, the river empties into the Okhotsk Sea. The Amur River is a river that flows in the territory of three states (Russia, Mongolia and China). The area of the basin is 1,855,000 square kilometers, and the length of the river is 2,824 kilometers. There are many points of view about the origin of the Amur name, one of which is the common basis of the Tungus-Manchu languages “love” and “damur” (a great river).
“The river of the black dragon”, called Cupid in China. According to legend, in ancient times a black dragon; who lived in the Russian river and personified good, defeated the evil white dragon that sank boats in the river, prevented people from fishing and generally attacked any living being. The winner stayed at the bottom of the river.
Along the entire border of the Amur basin, it is possible to observe a change in four physical-geographic zones: forest, steppe-forest, steppe and semi-desert. Here live about thirty different peoples and ethnic groups.
The Volga River is the main river of Russia
The Volga is one of the largest rivers in the world and the largest in Europe.
The Volga basin occupies approximately 1/3 of the European part of Russia and flows into the territory of 11 regions and 4 republics. By the way, the length of the river is 3530 km. This is approximately from Moscow to Berlin. The area of the basin is approximately 1,361,000 square kilometers, which makes it the largest river in Europe.
The Volga is dedicated to the well-known by all, without exception, as the song of the Russians and the movie with the name of the title. The action of the works of A. Ostrovsky takes place, as a rule, in the cities of the Volga.
The Kolyma River is the largest in the Magadan region
It is a Russian river in Yakutia, it is 2,129 kilometers long. Kolyma is formed by the merger of two rivers (Ayan-Yuryakh and Kulu) and the flows in Kolyma Bay. The area of the basin is approximately 645,000 square kilometers. The discovery of the Kolyma by the Russians was also carried out by brave Cossacks.
The Don River is the most important witness in Russian history
According to scientists, the Russian river appeared on Earth about 23 million years ago. The river Don is one of the largest rivers in the south of the Russian plain.
Don, the river of Russia, originating from the Central High Plateau of Russia (Tula region). Its surface is 422,000 square kilometers, and its length is about 1,870 km.
The Don is one of the oldest rivers in Russia.
Ancient Greek authors give the name of the river as Tanais. Then, the confines of the Don were the habitat of the legendary Amazons. These women warriors were also found in the Russian epics; who often talk about the battles of Russian heroes with their “horsemen”.
The name of the Russian river is given by the Iranian people who once lived in the territory of the north coast of the Black Sea, in whose language the Don is a “river”.
The “Father-Don” has two younger namesakes in England, the Don River in the Scottish county of Aberdeen and the river of the same name in the English county of York.
The Khatanga River
Located in the territory of Krasnoyarsk. Its length is 1636 kilometers. Khatanga is formed at the confluence of two rivers (Heta and Kotui) and flows into the Khatanga Bay of the Laptev Sea. The area of the basin is about 364,000 square kilometers.
The first information about the Khatanga River was received by the Russians of the Tungus in about 1605.
The Indigirka River
The name of the Russian river came from the generic name of Eveni indigir “people of the indie genre”. The Russian explorers of the seventeenth century pronounced this name as Indigirka; as well as the name of other great Russian Rivers of Siberia: Kureika, Tunguska, Kamchatka.
In Indigirka is the north pole of the cold, the village Oimyakon and the city of the monument Zashiversk, extinct of smallpox in the 19th century.
The Indigirka River flows through the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It belongs to the basin of the sea of Eastern Siberia. Indigirka begins at the junction of the Taryn-Yuryakh and Tuora-Yuryakh rivers, which flow from the Khalkan mountain range.
The area of Indigirka is 360,000 square kilometers, the length of the river is 1,726 km.
The Severnaya Dvina River
The Northern Dvina, the White Sea basin. It flows into the Vologda and Arkhangelsk regions of Russia. The Russian river Dvina of the north is formed by the confluence of two rivers, the Sukhona and the South. It flows in a direction from south to north on the lip of Dvinskaya of the White Sea, forming a delta width. The area of the basin is 357,000 square kilometers. It was on this river that the history of Russian naval construction began. The length of the rivers in the Dvina basin is 7693 km.
A large number of settlements on the Russian river itself indicates the presence of navigation on the river. From Great Ustyug and until Severodvinsk, the water channel of the North Dvina.
Shared this, now you know what are the Rivers of Russia that are bigger and more beautiful.
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