Sochi: Useful information about the city

Sochi: Useful information about the city

What to see in Sochi, a beautiful city full of history and incredibly fascinating places. Places to visit in Sochi and more only with Free Tour Russia. If you are wondering how to get to Sochi, here we tell you.

What to see in Sochi

Sochi is the main balnearean center of Russia, it is located on the Black Sea coast. In the south of the country, also known for the 2014 Winter Olympics.

The municipal formation of the resort city of Sochi, also called “Great Sochi”, includes 4 districts: Adlersky, Khostinsky; Central and Lazarevsky and it extended by almost 145 km, which allowed him to occupy the second line in the ranking of the longest cities in the world. Despite its impressive size; the city is home to only 445,209 people (according to the 2013 population census); but annually having up to 4 million tourists.

History of Sochi

Archaeological research showed that the first people already inhabited the territory of present-day Sochi 400,000 years ago; as evidence, numerous dolmens and tumuli that have been liked until our time.

The first written mention of Sochi refers to the year 1641; when the Ottoman traveler Evliy Chelebi visited this territory and left records that mentioned the name “Socha” with reference to the tribe that lived in this region at that time. But the origin of the name “Sochi” is still unknown. According to the main version, it originated from the name of the Ubykh Sadcha / Shacha tribe; who lived on the Black Sea coast in the Middle Ages. However, more interesting is the fact that, despite the numerous popularity of this area; the original name Sochi stayed forever here.

Until the mid-nineteenth century, the territory of Greater Sochi was mostly inhabited by the Adygs. After the Russo-Turkish War in the year 1829; this territory was transferred to the Russian Empire and began to develop actively; the region gradually began to be populated by the Russians, Ukrainians, Georgians, Greeks.

Soon Sochi received the status of the city (before Sochi was built as a fortress and was not really the city). In the year 1909, the first resort of the “Riviera Caucasia” was inaugurated; which initially consisted of 2 four-story hotels; but the demand exceeded the offer and after 4 years the complex consisted of 4 hotels. The “Riviera of the Caucasus” worked successfully before the revolution of 1917, and was famous as one of the best seaside resorts of the Black Sea.

Since the mid-20s of the twentieth century, active construction of sanatoriums and spas begins in Sochi. At that time constructivism in Soviet architecture almost replaced the empire style, ideology proclaimed the need to provide Soviet workers with the conditions for the worse recreation that the aristocrats of the imperial era had. In Sochi they begin to build the sanatorium-palaces with colonnades, fountains and ornamented interiors. The clearest example of this style is the Ordzhonikidze sanatorium, which is still amazing today.

Ordzhonikidze Sanatorium

During the Patriotic War, spas and sanatoria of the Grand Sochi were used as military hospitals that saved lives for thousands of soldiers. In the post-war period, the city continued to build sanatoriums and spas, balneotherapy places, and Sochi finally consolidated the status of the country’s main health station.

Today, Sochi is living a new life, after the 2014 Olympic Games, Sochi attracts more and more attention from tourists from all over the world.

How to get to Sochi

There are 2 options for you to get to Sochi: by train or by plane

To Sochi by train

The Sochi train station is located in the central district of the city and is one of the largest train stations in the Krasnodar region.

The inter-city communication communicates Sochi with all the major cities of Russia, including Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Murmansk, Ekaterinburg, and others.

Sochi Train station

To Sochi by plane

Guests of the city who arrive in Sochi by plane, fly to Sochi airport, which is located 30 km from the city center, in the city of Adler. Since 2007, the airport is suitable for all types of aircraft, and in 2009 the new terminal was put into operation.

Throughout the year the airport accepts flights from companies such as S7 Airlines, Aeroflot, Transaero, Ak Aero Bars, VIM-Avia, Donavia, Russia, Turkish Airlines, Ural Airlines, Uteir, Yakutia.

Sochi Airport in Adler

From the airport to the city center you can get there by taxi, aeroexpress, or by bus.

What to see in Sochi and other cities of Russia, with Free Tours Russia you will know it!

What places to visit in Sochi in summer and winter?

What places to visit in Sochi in summer and winter

What places to visit in Sochi during the best times of the year. Seeing Sochi in summer is ideal for those people looking for a bit of warm fun. It is also advisable to visit Sochi in winter to see the city with another interesting perspective.

This article we would like to dedicate to the most popular attractions of Sochi. We tell you what places to see in Sochi in winter and summer; what interesting places are located in the outskirts of the city: natural parks, museums and important cultural and historical complexes; Entertainment parks for the whole family.
Rest in the resort gives the opportunity to see a variety of exotic plants from the south; architectural monuments, beautiful temples, squares and fountains.
The most beautiful photos can be taken near the famous Fountains with light and music in the Olympic Park; in the garden-museum “Tree of Friendship”, Dendrological Park, in the Museum of Nature, Sochi Aquarium, summer theater, near the lighthouse. You can also find interesting and unusual places to take pictures like the monuments to the horse in a coat and the golden fleece.

Golden fleece monument
Monument “Horse in the coat”

If you want to enjoy the silence and relax in an environment of centenary cedar pines, the Potseluevsky and Komsomolsky parks are the best choice for it; places where you can find interesting monuments.

Potseluev Park
Komsomolsky Park

The main attractions of the Sochi neighborhood were created by nature; numerous waterfalls and caverns, canyons and gorges. All this is located in the territory of the Sochi National Park; which extends from the region of Tuapse to Abkhazia.

Get to know Sochi in summer

1. Sochi Olympic Park

The park is open everyday from 08:00 to 00:00. Fountains: from 6:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.
In the Sochi Olympic Park there are main sports facilities involved in the 2014 Winter Olympics. The complex was built from 2007 to 2013. It is located in the Adler district, in the territory of the Imereti plain.

Now the Sochi Olympic Park is not only a functional sports facility, but also a popular turist center, the park can be visited during all seasons of the year. The total capacity of the complex is more than 75,000 people.
Nearby is the Olympic Village.

2. Dendrological Park of Southern Crops

Itinerary:

Boxes: every day from 08:00 to 19:00.
Greenhouse Exhibition Hall: from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (rest from 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m.), Monday, Friday: free days

Flower pavilion: everyday from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Dendrological Park “Cultures of the South”: everyday from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
The Dendrological Park of Sochi is one of the main attractions of the tourist city, a monument of landscape art, which brought together in its territory a unique collection of plants.

The founder of the park was the editor of the newspaper “Petersburg” and playwright Sergey Nikolaevich Hudekov when in 1889 he bought 50 acres of land on the southern slope of the bald mountain. In one part of the territory the park was established, in the other: the gardens.
Gradually the park was filled with collections of unique tropical plants, brought from various botanical gardens. A little later Sergei Nikolaevich built a villa for his wife and named her in his honor “Esperanza” (russo Nadezhda). Now in this building is located the museum.

3. Sochi Aquarium

It is open during the summer: from 10:00 to 20:00, without days off.
Sochi Discovery World Aquarium is the new two-storey aquarium located in Adler, Sochi.

The building has a total area of 6000 square meters, to the attention of visitors 30 aquariums of different sizes.

Among the inhabitants of the oceanarium are bright tropical fish, piranhas, rays, sharks, catfish, dangerous fish of the Red Sea, turtles, jellyfish and other representatives of marine and fluvial fauna.

In aquariums with colorful lighting there are small fish, familiar to most aquarist amateurs. There is also a special room that is stylized as a tropical park with small ponds where different kinds of carp live: from big to bright carp – koi.

The main aquarium of Sochi Discovery World is a tunnel of 44 meters long with sharks and other marine life.

4. “Riviera Park

The park of culture and recreation “Riviera” in Sochi is one of the most popular places for the rest of the family.

Initially, in the year 1898, the park was part of a large estate owned by the well-known businessman and citizen of honor Jludov. Under his leadership, the territory was ennobled. At the beginning of the 20th century, the park came under the jurisdiction of the city authorities, after which it was divided into thematic areas and declared as public space. In the area of ​​14.7 hectares there are 240 species of plants, 50 of them are especially valuable.

The main attraction of the park “Riviera” is the Friendship Glade; an ambulatory with magnolias planted by the cosmonauts (Yuri Gagarin, Leonov) and politicians (Moris Torez). A picturesque rosary with a thousand bushes of different varieties, pavilions and benches. The busts of great writers are located near the fountain: Pushkin, Krylov, Lomonosov, Nekrasov, Shevchenko, Tolstoy, etc.
In 2010, the pump room was inaugurated with mineral water, which everyone can drink.

5. Dacha of Stalin in Sochi

The Stalin Dacha in Sochi is one of the most famous and visited historical monuments of the spa town. Tourists from Russia and other countries come to see the place where the formidable and unshakeable leader of the former USSR lived and rested.
The dacha is located in the territory of the former sanatorium “Green grove” (since September 2016 the sanatorium “Zelenaya Roshcha” has been renamed the pension hotel “Rest-Matsesta”).

6. Achipse Fortress

Very close to the Krasnaya Polyana park, you can find the ruins of the Achipse fortress, which for many centuries had the function of defending the surrounding territories.

 

 

 

 

7. Mount Akjun 

Mount Akjun is a very famous place and a perfect viewpoint that is located near Sochi. Located in the Khostinsky district, it includes the mountains of great Akhun (633 meters – the highest point), Akhun Small (501 meters) and Eagle Rocks (also known as the white rocks, highest point 380 meters).
According to one of the legends, initially the height of Mount Akjun was 666 meters and was reduced during the construction of the tower.
Mount great Akjun and the tourist facilities that are located here are available to visit all year round, even in the winter. At the base of the tower there is a restaurant.
On the mountain there is a ferris wheel, on the way to the tower you can visit an exhibition of miniatures and a souvenir shop.

Exploring Sochi in winter

The natural attractions of Sochi and its surroundings are available to visit throughout the year. For example, you can visit caves in the National Park; Some of which are open for tourists in the winter, or go on an excursion to the mountain gorge of 33 waterfalls.

The ski resort “Rosa Khutor” in Krasnaya Polyana, where the cultural and ethnographic center is located; the sports and entertainment complex “Gorky Gorod” is also very popular in winter.

Undoubtedly, the Olympic Park will be the perfect option to visit in winter; stadiums, ice arena, cup of the Olympic flame. In Krasnaya Polyana; You can still visit the famous Olympic village, which, after the end of sports competitions, has become a part of the ski resort.

If you do not want to leave the city, you can see the exhibition of the Sochi museums; the Museum of Art, the Museum of Local History (it is the Museum of History), the Memorial Literary Museum of Ostrovsky; the Museum of the Glory of Sport. All of them are close to each other, in the center of the city.

Cable car in the Krasnaya Polyana Park

 

What places to visit in Sochi now you know, come and visit us, Free Tour Russia offers its best excursions. Get to know Sochi in summer or visit Sochi in winter, whatever your choice, we will assist you in the best way.

5 best bars and restaurants in Kaliningrad

What are the best bars and restaurants in Kaliningrad?

Which are the best bars and restaurants in Kaliningrad, in this article we answer you. What bars and restaurants there are in Kaliningrad, many of them actually, but here we will give you recommendations to visit. Going to the bars and restaurants in Kaliningrad is now easy thanks to Free Russia Tours.

Kaliningrad is not a very big city, but certainly here you can find a couple of interesting places to dine or have a drink.

What bars and restaurants are there in Kaliningrad

Here you have a list of 5 recommended bars and restaurants where you can enjoy your evening in Kaliningrad:

Bikov bar

1. “Bikov” bar

A modern Nordic bar with Scandinavian interiors, a perfect place to have a beer and relax with friends.
Location: street teacher Baranova 40.

 

 

 

 

Bar Ulitsa

2. Bar “Ulitsa”

A famous place among the citizens of Kaliningrad. Every Wednesday here we make a “Russian table” with 50 grams of Russian traditional drink at a fixed price, and snacks: pickles, forshmak, small sandwiches with free Baltic sprat. No doubt a perfect place to meet the city and the people who live here.
Location: Dmitriya Donskogo Street, 13

 

Restaurant Borsh y Salo

3. Restaurant “Borsh y salo”

The ukrainian-russian national kitchen restaurant. “Borsh and Salo” is very popular among the citizens of Kaliningrad as well as among the guests of the city. The restaurant offers a wide variety of Ukrainian food such as classic borsh, purse-sewn fat in a special way (a traditional Ukrainian apperetivo called salo), vareniki, blood sausage and much more. A simply fantastic place!

Location: Victoria Square, 10

Bar Eltsin

4. Bar “Eltsin”

A typical cozy bar with 16 types of beer. One more place to spend time with pleasure in Kaliningrad.
Location: Garazhnaya Street 2-2a

 

 

 

Parmezan restaurant

5. Restaurant “Parmezan”

The trattoria “Parmesan” is a popular place among fans of Italian cuisine, has a varied menu that includes not only more than 20 types of pasta and pizza, but also European dishes. The interior of the restaurant pleases visitors with pleasant color combinations, an abundance of vegetation and warm light. Especially for families with children the trattoria is equipped with a playground.
Location: Karla Marksa Street, 18

 

If you plan to go to the bars and restaurants in Kaliningrad we hope you take into consideration what we have mentioned here, enjoy your stay in this beautiful city and contact us for more information about the excursions we have for you.

Rostov-on-Don airport – Platov

IATA Code: ROV, ICAO: URRP
Official website: platov.aero

The Rostov-on-Don Airport – Platov in Russia is the new airport that was opened on December 7, 2017 in place of the old airport. Built within the program of preparation for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The “Platov” Airport is the first airport in modern Russian history built from scratch. “Platov” is the largest airport in the Federal District of southern Russia. Do not forget to visit Rostov-on-Don during your trip to Russia!

Read moreRostov-on-Don airport – Platov

Kaliningrad-Jrabrovo Airport

IATA code: KGD, ICAO: UMKK (Kaliningrad-Jrabrovo airport)
Official website: kgd.aero

Kaliningrad International Airport “Jrabrovo”. It is located 20 km northeast of the center of the city, it is next to the town that bears the same name. The airport of Federal importance. It is ideal for visiting Kaliningrad.

In the summer of 2018 the airport of Kaliningrad will accept the guests of the 2018 World Cup, for this reason until the spring of 2018 the airport is in the process of reconstruction.

Read moreKaliningrad-Jrabrovo Airport

Nizhny Novgorod Airport – Strigino

IATA Code: GOJ, ICAO: UWGG (Nizhny Novgorod Airport – Strigino)
Official website: www.airportnn.ru

Nizhny Novgorod Airport – Strigino is the Niznhy Novgorod International Airport. The airport located in the western part of the Avtozavodsky district of Nizhny Novgorod, 18 km south-west of the city center. It is the aerodrome where the base is not only civil aviation, but also the Airborne Aviation Regiment for special purposes of the troops of the National Guard (plane Il-76). It is ideal to visit Nizhny Novgorod.

Read moreNizhny Novgorod Airport – Strigino

Currency exchange in Russia-how and where

Currency exchange in Russia

Anyone who is going to travel abroad, wondered about money and currency exchange, especially, when you are going to Russia. Should you get Rubles from home or perhaps you should use your currency instead? What would be the rate if you change your money in Russia and where? We hope this article will help you to answer all your questions.

Russian Ruble

Ruble is the official currency in Russia. To date, there are two equivalents of Russian money: coins of 1, 5 and 10 rubles and banknote denomination is of 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000,2000 and 5000 rubles. The smallest are kopeks but they are really worth nothing.

What currency to carry to Russia?

Before traveling to Russia, you can buy the Russian ruble in your local bank. The import of currency into the territory of the Russian Federation has no restrictions. The statement is subject only to an amount that exceeds the equivalent of $ 10,000. Anyway, we would not recommend you to exchange too much, so you don’t have to worry about coming back home with a bunch of Russian money. would not be superfluous to say that American Dollars (less) and Euros are excepted on the flea markets, souvenirs shops, and some taxi services.

How and where exchange currency in Russia

Dollars and Euros you can easily exchange at any bank or exchange offices. There are also some ATM machines which provide currency exchange operations. It is illegal to exchange money at the hotels, shopping centers or privately. So don’t be frustrated if your hotel clerk will refuse your request. In no case do not use “street vendors”!

Use your bank card

You can use your bank card to withdraw cash from the ATM machine. Just find out how much your bank will charge you for that. We would suggest you set up the limit of one time withdraw in case of robbery. In addition, you can pay with your bank card at any supermarket, restaurant or even in the metro.

Contactless payments

Contactless method of payment is one of the safest to purchase goods. Ask your bank or google it which one better suits you. Contactless systems are widely spread throughout big cities of Russia such as Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and others.

Tips for currency exchange in Russia

There are many ways to exchange your money to Rubles. We hope our article gives you a better idea of which method to choose for smother and better travel to Russia.

Last but not least, keep small cash of money with you. Do not carry large amounts of Euros or Dollar with you. No matter how safe you considered the place you carry them, the pickpockets are always aware of. Also, always keep handy all the contacts of your bank in case if you need to block your card.

If you have any other questions about currency exchange or about how to travel safely in Russia, please check out our website here.

 

What you have to know before traveling to Russia

Cultural customs that are necessary to know before traveling to Russia

When we propose a trip to a city we ask some general questions. Questions, which surely will make the journey more bearable. Such questions, like: What type of tip should I leave? What are the typical greetings? Or what are the cultural customs to follow? Here is important information for you to know before traveling to Russia.

Of course, each country is unique and also has its own particularities. In this article, we want to show you Russian customs and how you should behave yourself before traveling to Russia.

The greeting as the key that opens all the doors

Priviet or No Priviet

Many times we search in the dictionary or translator, the word “hello” in Russian and we come out that it is “Priviet” (Привет). So it’s not unusual to see how many tourists are saying this word to the people in restaurants, cafes, hotels, etc. “Priviet, privet, priviet”. The truth is that this is a mistake that can fall very badly to certain people because it is an informal greeting. It is not used if the person you are talking to is not well known. Imagine that someone would tell to an older man “What happened kid?” Well, that’s the same impression that the Russians feel when a stranger approaches with this greeting. Many of them are very nice and understand that you are a foreigner and are making an effort to communicate and help you.

The Russians are the people who do not get involved until they know each other. They tend to have a lot of respect for each other, this even happens among young people. The formal word of greeting is Zdravstvuite (Здравствуйте). It sounds difficult for you to pronounce? Don’t worry, here we outlined it: “Z-Dravst-vui-tie”.

When you are greeting the Russian person with this word you will see that you will immediately receive a different treatment. That is because for Russians a greeting is a very important thing. And it is not that they all are pedants, but that it falls very badly if someone approaches without greeting or with an excess of confidence. Put yourself in their place and you will surely understand that greeting in Russia is the key that opens the doors to any place. So before traveling to Russia try to learn some greetings and phrases.

Greetings in Russian:

Hello informal = Priviet (Привет)
Hello Formal = Z-Dravst-vui-tie (Здравствуйте)

Good morning = Dobroe Utra (Доброе утро)
Good day = Dobryi Dien (Добрый день)

And good afternoon = Dobryi Viecher  (Добрый вечер)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mXdxmF-Qkt0

Tips in Russia:

To give? Or not to give? And how to give?

It is very typical to ask if in Russia they give tips? Because in certain countries of Europe it is not common. Or in the United States it is obligatory to leave it.

Because in Russia it is not obligatory to do it but if it is left the amount between 5% and 10%. The tip is used to give thanks for a good service. If you liked what you ate and how you were treated for sure you can say it with the language of money.

Fast food tray

You will be greatly surprised, that people do not pick up the food tray at the fast food places, there will always be some highly diligent employee who will pick up the tray as soon as you finish eating. You should even make gestures to say that it is not over yet. These people keep the places well ordered and the tables very clean.

Paying for the sauces

In fast food establishments in Russia, people pay for ketchup and other sauces. Be careful in ordering more, as it will enter the final account. And if you do not order it – you won’t pay for it and they won’t give it to you.

It is very common when the employee shows the amount in the register and people do not understand that it is paid separately.

YOU CAN SEE HERE OUR OTHER ARTICLES ABOUT RUSSIAN FOOD

Can I drink water from the pipeline in Russia?

The water that comes from the pipe is not drinkable, but sometimes if you ask a Russian, he will tell you that he takes it without any problem. Hotels in Russia tend to put bottles of drinking water that is the best sign that you should not drink the water from the pipe. The best advice we can give you is to buy your own bottle of mineral water and do not risk spoiling your trip by getting sick.

Asking for help on the street in Russia

If we are lost in a city in Russia, is it possible that somebody would help us on the street? The answer is that it will surely look like a good Samaritan, who probing the language barriers will help you selflessly. A lot of tourists are becoming impressed of how certain Russians are very quick to help them. We do not mean that 100% of them are like that, but surely there is a percentage that uses their instinct of camaraderie to those people who really need it. So do not hesitate to ask with a map or phone in hand an address or the name of your street or hotel for sure a charitable soul will help you more than you imagine.

Making a queue in Russia

One of the other things that surprise in Russia, is that its citizens do not understand what it is to make a queue. We don’t mean they do not organize to buy the subway ticket or to go up the escalator. They simply make it in a disorderly manner but without overwhelming or mistreating anyone.

The best advice we can give before traveling to Russia: do not stress and follow the flow of people.

 

Airports in Russia, travel rules and flight reservations

In the following article we will show you some of the airports in Russia, we will discuss the rules to carry luggage as well as the tips to book your flight.

1.    International and national airports in Russia

If you are going to Russia, you should know that there are more than 200 airports working in the territory of our country. 70 airports from them are of international importance.

The largest one in the first half of 2013 was the Domodedovo airport in Moscow, which received almost 14 million passengers. That increases passenger traffic by 12.6% compared to 2012. Slightly behind it, is the Sheremetyevo airport with 13.4 million passengers. Although according to the results of international air transport, took the first place, having accepted 8.55 million passengers. The Pulkovo airport in St. Petersburg was in third place with 5.6 million passengers.

Three airports in Russia, some of which greatly increased the number of arriving tourists, included airports in Blagoveshchensk, Belgorod and Chelyabinsk. The latter is the second in terms of air traffic in the Urals after Koltsovo Airport in Yekaterinburg.

One of the most modern airports, in addition to the Moscow city and St. Petersburg city, is Koltsovo Airport. There are shops located at the airport, which offer tourists products such as jewelry with precious and semi-precious stones, as well as original memories of birch bark, wood and even bones.

The biggest airport in East Siberia is the Irkutsk airport, which also serves tourists from neighboring cities. In addition, it is a spare airport for flights from Asia to Europe and North America. Due to its equipment, it can accept any type of aircraft.

The Nizhny Novgorod airport dates back to 1922. It is one of the oldest airports in Russia. Currently, the airport is actively updating and modernizing, till 2021.

2.    Development prospects

Some airports in Russia need to be updated to meet international standards. Global events play an important role for that.

Today, Gumrak Airport is not fully equipped, but for the next global sport event, it would be. Also it is expected complete reconstruction of the terminal complex and the construction of new terminals for passengers.

In 2014, at the Murmansk airport opened a duty free shop.

3.   Places of interest of the airports in Russia

Many airports in Russia have interesting objects on their territory, which allows tourists to spend interesting time waiting for departure. Therefore, the Irkutsk airport will be appreciated by Orthodox Christians: there is a small chapel on its territory.

Domodedovo Airport is recognized by the World Airport Awards as the best in Eastern Europe. On its territory, in addition to all duty-free shops and lounges, there is also a spa.

Those who believe in God also do not forget Domodedovo: there was built the chapel of Archangel Michael and for Muslims – the Safar mosque. At Sheremetyevo Airport you will find two chapels and the Church of the Resurrection of Christ.

Tourists who are waiting for their departure at the airport of Nizhnevartovsk can walk along the Avenue of the Aviation team.

4.    Baggage rules on flights

This is such a worrying and delicate thing, as the struggle with the earth’s gravity, every little thing matters. What can be said about the most fundamental factor? The weight of the aircraft, with this seriousness of struggle. As it is known, it consists of several components: the actual weight of the aircraft with the technical “filler”, the total weight of passengers and the weight of items taken on board by the passengers: luggage, in all its varieties. This is the last thing we’ll talk about.

It is clear that it is impossible to take with you on the board “pictures, baskets, boxes …” and without determining the weight and dimensions. The weight of the transported cargo must strictly comply with the capacity established by the manufacturer, otherwise there is a risk that everything will happen, as in the well-known joke: “Now with all this we will try to take off.”

a)    Two concepts

There are two systems in the world for determining the quantity and weight of the transported luggage. The weight standard is the most common. It is used by the overwhelming number of airlines on the absolute majority of flights. It is based on the total weight of all luggage carried by a passenger on board in the cargo compartment of the aircraft and its cabin. As for the quantitative rule, it is used mainly on transatlantic flights and includes the number of pieces of luggage carried by the traveler. Truly, there is an important warning: each piece of luggage should not exceed 32 kg in weight, that is, the weight also is still taken into account.

b)  Weight standard

From the point of view of determining the baggage allowance, airlines tend to follow their policies. As a rule, without an additional payment for a passenger and a child over 2 years old, you can bring:

  • The first class: 40 kg
  • The business class: 30 kg
  • The economy class: 20 kg.

However, there are exceptions to the rules: for example, Turkish Airlines allows transporting 30 kg of luggage in economy class on separate flights, and during Istanbul shopping festivals this type usually tends to increase to 40 kg. The standard of free baggage allowance for a child under 2 years old without providing a separate seat is 10 kg. The standard of free baggage allowance is always indicated in the electronic ticket in the “Bag” column.

In addition, it is necessary to take into account the size of luggage, one thing is to take books on board (20 kg is easy to “take out” in a small suitcase), and the other is the weight of down pillows of the same size: a giant suitcase is needed. Therefore, airlines have also imposed restrictions on overall dimensions, which are the sum of the three dimensions of their suitcas – in the first and business class: 203 cm and in economy class: 158 cm.

In the passenger cabin of the aircraft, luggage of no more than 115 cm is allowed. You can determine whether the bag is suitable for you in a special “calibration device” of a metal form. The rules for handling it are simple – if your bag fits in a “frame”, then the bag is of an acceptable size.

If the weight of the luggage exceeds the standard of free transport, “extra” kilograms are paid according to the airline’s tariffs.

Important point: low cost airlines (so-called “low-cost”) establish their own baggage allowance, which differs from those generally accepted in the smaller part. Some carriers do not have a free fee transportation at all, any luggage must be paid additionally. In charter flights the rate is determined by the charterer of the aircraft, as a rule, not less than 20 kg, and in some cases whole 30.

c)    Quantitative rule

On transatlantic flights, a passenger of any type has the right to carry 2 pieces of baggage free of charge, each of which does not exceed 32 kg. If the suitcase turns out to be heavier than this standard, you will have to pay extra for the advantage, even if the second suitcase weighs less than 32 kg. The sum of the three dimensions of each place is identical to the sum in the standard weight: not more than 203 cm for the first and business class and not more than 158 cm for the economy class.

If you need to carry big luggage, you must agree in advance with the airline company, preferably at the stage of booking the ticket, before it is paid. In popular tourist destinations, light weights are used for certain types of luggage, for example, you can easily take a surfboard to the Seychelles and go skiing to Courchevel.

d)   What can you take in the cabin for free?

  • Woman’s purse
  • Plastic bag
  • Bouquet of flowers
  • Scarf or blanket
  • Umbrella
  • Small video or photo camera
  • Binoculars
  • Laptop
  • A book for reading
  • Baby carriage
  • A small bag with food

e)  Non-standard luggage

Particularly valuable, fragile and unusual big luggage has to be transported in the cabin of the aircraft with the mandatory purchase of a separate ticket (and, at normal prices, without discounts and special offers).

However, by agreement with the airline company, such baggage can be transported in the cargo bay of the aircraft, it all depends on each specific case.

f)    List of prohibited items and substances

A complete list of prohibited items and substances can be found in the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air. In general, it is forbidden to take with you on board:

  • Firearms and gas.
  • Explosives and explosive substances.
  • Compressed and liquefied gases.
  • Flammable liquids.
  • Flammable solids.
  • Poisonous and narcotic substances.
  • Other substances, objects and dangerous goods that may be used to commit an act of unlawful interference.

The rules for confiscating these items and substances from a passenger are summarized below. If the possession of this item or substance is not prohibited by law, it is confiscated from the passenger with the relevant law and transferred to the accompanying passenger at the airport. If the possession is illegal, the passenger is removed from the trip and, together with these items or substances, is transferred to the law enforcement organisms.

5.    How to book flights?

There are convenient systems for quick search of airline tickets around the world. Some even work with more than 700 airlines, agencies, and booking systems, at no extra cost or service charges. The advantage of buying airline tickets is a great selection of flight options and the best prices. From Moscow to St. Petersburg or to the islands of Reunion in Madagascar, no matter which direction you choose, some are guaranteed to find a flight at the best price.

A simple instruction will help you find easily the right airline ticket via Internet in this case.

We recommend you a flight search site www.momondo.com

Fill the form

You will need to fill in the form you are requesting with the necessary data according to the airline used.

A little bit of waiting

The system is looking for the air ticket you need. So you have to be patien.

Search results

Here you can find the best offers on the tickets and the necessary route.

You will see the “Low Price Calendar” – and the most favorable rates for each day in the selected month of your trip. A great way to save money on flexible travel dates.

Later you should open the list of airports located near the search.

Choose the best price

Everything is simple here, the most profitable option will usually be the first one. Pay attention to the airport and the departure time, as well as the duration of the flight, if available, and choose the most convenient option. Now you must “buy” the one that you have already chosen. In some occasions, the price of the plane ticket may differ slightly from the original one. This happens if during the time of our thinking someone had bought it. In this case, they will offer you another option.

Air ticket booking

You are on the company’s website, from where you will get an air ticket. Here you have to fill in the details of passenger (or passengers), choose the payment method and provide contact information such as a phone number and email address. This address must be valid, since in the next few minutes you will receive a reservation confirmation with all the details of the order and the contacts of the airline ticket seller.

If the confirmation letter did not come, look in the “Spam”, perhaps, without merit it fell into the “trash” folder.

Along with the air ticket, you can buy an insurance policy against lost luggage, flight delays or accidents – for this you need to check the related information.

Booking confirmation

You have checked your email and you have found a confirmation email. It is worth to check once again the data specified in it. If everything is correct, the task can be considered successful. If you have found some  inaccuracies, be sure to contact the agency where you have bought the plane ticket, specifying your contact information in the letter.

Pay the air ticket

You can pay for your ticket in several ways. The most common way is to do it with a bank card. Visa or MasterCard, as well as special virtual cards of various systems designed for online payments. In the appropriate fields, enter the card number, the expiration date, the name of the owner (Latin letters as indicated on the card) and the CVC code (3 numbers on the back of the “plastic”).

Congratulations! The payment was successfull.

Typical Russian Painting and Patterns

typical-russian-painting-and-patterns

Russia is the country with the greatest cultural heritage. We would like to tell about one of them in this article. What typical Russian paintings and patterns do you know? Now we will tell you about traditional Russian drawings and Russian ornaments.

From the ancient times till now painting on wood, cloth, ceramics was the important and delicate work and above all through typical Russian paintings and patterns you can clearly see the traditional customs of Russia, which were born many centuries ago.

Let’s get to know some of the best known patterns in Russia.

Read moreTypical Russian Painting and Patterns

Russian Circus Tradition

Russian-Circus-Tradition

What is the traditional Russian circus like?

A special attraction to see on your trip to Russia is undoubtedly the traditional circus. The origins of the Russian circus can be found in the Skomorki of the 11th century, a kind of ancient and travelling artistic representation, which travelled around different places offering acrobatic acts, skills and tricks with trained animals and juggling exhibitions. At this time it is also believed that clowns as they are known today would have emerged, as the Skomoroji included satirical and mocking representations.

Read moreRussian Circus Tradition

How to celebrate the end of the year in Russia

How-to-Celebrate-the-End-of-the-Year-in-Russia

Russia, is the most mysterious country for most people. Foreigners are always interested in what to do in Russia, what to eat, whether it is safe to walk alone in the city streets and a thousand other questions. Also, for many people the traditions and habits of Russia’s inhabitants are interesting. The truth is that every region, or even every city, has its own culture and traditions about different aspects of life. But there is one holiday that unites the whole nation like never before, it is the way to celebrate the New Year in Russia and Christmas. And yes, exactly in this order. Now we will tell you how the New Year is celebrated in Russia. How is Russian New Year’s Eve?

Read moreHow to celebrate the end of the year in Russia

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