Moscow Metro History

Visit Moscow Metro

What to see in the Moscow metro, one of the most emblematic places in the capital. Visiting the Moscow metro is ideal during a guided tour to delight your eyes on its structure while you know its history. Knowing the Moscow metro has never been better.

Explore the Moscow metro

Moscow Metro History

If you plan to visit the Moscow metro, you should know its history: the Moscow metro carries up to 55-60% of all passenger traffic within the city. Historically, it became the first in the USSR, and remains the largest in the post-soviet space. On a global scale, the metro of 3 cities – Tokyo, Seoul and Beijing – is being used with greater intensity.
Moscow metro began its history from May 15, 1935, when it was opened for public use, although test trips were carried out from the beginning of the first train in October 1934 the first station built on a large scale.

The first line was only 11.6 km long, connecting 13 stations, among which there were 12 trains for 4 cars. From  Sokolniki to Okhotny station was a line, which then branched into two: Park of Culture and Smolenskaya

Beginnings of the Moscow metro

Initially, Moscow metro was named LM Kaganovich, who in 1931 presented a report in the Plenary of the Central Committee of the CPSU on the need to build the subway. But since 1955 it was renamed, and until now is Moscow metro.

During the Second World War the subway was used as a shelter for bombs. But as soon as the incursions of German aviation ceased; the subway began not only to restore but to continue building. New metro lines were carried out even during the war years; since there are commemorative plaques in 7 stations.
Postwar stations were also built with the possibility not only of turning them into an air raid shelter but in the case of a nuclear, bacteriological or chemical attack. So there were stations of high depth. However, the sealed doors are equipped at the exits of all stations and tunnels, everywhere there are diesel power plants and ventilation shafts with filters.

Now the metro has 12 metro lines, the number of stations has reached 192, there are 27 exchange nodes. Only 10 stations are on land and 5 on the ground (on bridges and overpasses), the rest is underground. The total length has already exceeded 320.9 km. Each day around 8-9 million passengers are transported. Like the rest of the transport network, the subway also has a radial ring structure. In addition to the classic subway lines, Moscow has landlines, light subway lines and a monorail of land.

What to see in the Moscow metro today

There are tickets for individual trips and more profitable reusable travel cards, there are tickets for 90 minutes. Individual tickets are suitable for all public transportation in the city.

The Moscow metro is not only a convenient and accessible component of the transport system; but also an architectural monument. Many stations are assigned with rich decoration, so there you can see examples of architecture and art belonging to the era of socialist realism. 44 stations are among the objects of cultural heritage.

In the plans of the Moscow, the government is to open 64 new stations before 2020.

Development of the Moscow metro for years

Schemes in the Moscow metro has undergone many changes, reflecting not only the relative position of the lines, but especially the fashion and design inherent in different periods of our history.

The first line scheme

The scheme is taken from the Trud editorial brochure in 1935. In the lobbies hang other schemes, which can be seen in some photos from the 1930s.

Unfortunately, it was not possible to determine exactly how to look at the general cargo scheme during the period 1937-1953.

In 1954, such the black and white diagrams were in the wagons.

Metro map 1954

Subsequently, the design of the scheme changed very slightly. The changes referred only to the launch of new sites. In 1958, the lines of the diagrams are shown in different colors. That color solution is kept unchanged to this day. All cities the meters of the former USSR, the first line is indicated by a red color, the second – blue (sometimes green), and third, accordingly, in green or blue.

Metro map 1964
Moscow metro map 1967

Cardinally the design of the scheme changes at the beginning of the 70 years. The smooth curves of the lines disappear in the past. Now in fashion, simplicity, clarity and speed. the circular line for the first time interpreted a perfect circle, and the radius – the straight lines. The image of the subway logo – the stylized letter “M” – has also changed. If the 70-year-old scheme still buffs for Violet metro line, at the end of the decade, all lines are represented by straight lines with no angles and sprains.

Metro map 1978
Metro map 1970

Since 1979, a new outline of lines appears in the carriages. Now the annular line represents two semicircles connected by vertical straight lines. The lines become softer again.

The stations in the peripheral part of the city are now being drawn near it.
This solution has allowed to increase the size and describe more clearly the central part of the circuit where the topology of the network is more complicated.

At the same time there and the current logo of the Moscow Metro – the stylized letter “M” in the red circle trimmed in blue, similar lining the tunnel contours.

Metro map 1979

However, this version of the scheme for a long time did not take root. And new scheme has appeared again. The circular line is drawn in a new circle on the right, and stations outside the central part are not pressed against each other. At the beginning, the line represented by dashed lines, but was later replaced by a more straightened one.

Metro map 1983
Metro map 1986

The extension of the Kaluga range in 1987, the design of the circuit has changed again. The Timiryazevsky and Lublin radios under construction appeared on the diagram. Now all the lines were directed strictly horizontally, vertically or at a 45 degree angle. The only exception – the line of the ring – has retained its mark in the form of a regular circle. Repeatedly changing the details; but keeping the basic principles of composition, the design up to September 2003.

Metro map 1987
Metro map 1998

In the most recent versions of this scheme, the construction works were eliminated, and all the names of the stations are duplicated in English.

Metro map 2002

Finally, in September 2003, a completely new design of the underground scheme was introduced.

In the scheme, which was known as “The scheme of the rapid transport lines of Moscow”, added light rail line in the south of Butovo and Solntsevo, monorail line from the station “Timiryazevskaya” to “Exhibition Center”. They show built areas Arbat-Pokrovskaya and Lublin-Dmitrov line. However, for some reason, it is not shown on the “mini-metro” line at MIBC Moscow-City and the southern extension of the Lublin radio.

The main task of the load scheme is to correctly transfer the topology of the network, instead of the scale. In this case, the scale distortion is a concession rather than justified in the name of the convenience of perception and ease of reading.

Metro map 200

The plan caused a lot of complaints from the passengers. The Muscovites complained that the labels are difficult to read; Due to the narrowness and the expressionless lines, it is not easy to understand the topology of the network, especially in the central part of the complex. The experiment was considered unsuccessful and at the end of 2003, a new variant of the wagon scheme was presented.
As of the previous version, the new scheme has inherited the name – “Driving of the rapid transport lines of Moscow,”. However, in general, there was a return to the traditions of the Moscow wagon schemes. The ring line is represented by a regular circle, the lines straighten and become thicker. Due to the increase in the central part of the scheme that has stopped being a large scale, but the section included between the stations in the peripheral part of the city on the left, which maintains similarity.

In addition, the diagram shows a line under construction of mini-metro, the line starts from the “Kievskaya”; although in reality the movement of mini-subway trains will be aligned with the line on the site Filevskaya “Alexandrovsky Garden” – “Kievskaya”.

Interesting design solutions for the future inclusion of the Filevskaya Arbat-Mantle of the Virgin online site. The points of the future interface are indicated by arrows.

Metro map 2003

However, the new scheme is not without deficiencies. The selected image style stations and, in particular, hubs; they make the scheme unnecessarily saturated; which causes irritation and “hurts the eyes.” It is not clear why it was necessary to renounce a successful decision; intuitive and quiet taken in a sample of 2001-2003 schemes.

What to see in the Moscow metro and other places of interest only with Free Tour Russia your excursion will be guaranteed and at the best price!

Metro circular line an accident or a myth

The secret of creation of the circular line in Moscow metro

It is said that during the development of the lines, in the first project of the Soviet era; Stalin (supreme commander of the communist party and president of the USSR) was looking for a way to make his project faster and more useful for people who wanted to use it; and they did not find how, first to remove pressure to the center of the city; to make changes to the lines, and second, that people could reach their destination faster.

The myth, or legend, is that Stalin at the time of the meeting held a cup of coffee and when leaving the room to take  a little break left on the table this cup of coffee that, being somewhat spilled, left marks on the table,giving rise to a circular line of brown color that crossed and connected with the rest of lines at two ends, thus the circular line of the Moscow metro was born. And until today this theory is maintained by its comic part and its realistic part.

What to know about Moscow metro

During the construction of Moscow metro, and although the government invested considerable amounts of money, the Soviet economy did not allow the proportional development that was needed for the project to take into consideration, for this reason those responsible for the construction of the metro had problems for its progress, one of them was cement, since it was not possible to finish some stretches of tunnels. To the point that one of the builders who had his own house rented rooms of this in exchange for cement for the construction of the metro.

His devotion was so great that he was doing everything possible to make his project move forward. That could be said to be love for his work, love for the metro.

This and many more with Free Tour Russia!!!

The Amber museum in Kaliningrad

Visit the amber museum in Kaliningrad

What to see in the amber museum in Kaliningrad, one of the attractions or tourist places of greatest interest. Visiting the amber museum in Kaliningrad is ideal during a guided tour. Getting to know the amber museum in Kaliningrad is easy and fun.

The only amber museum in Russia was opened in 1979. It is located in the center of the city of Kalinngrad on the Verjnee river bank in the 19th century tower.

The Tower was built in 1853 under the direction of the developer of the general plan of fortifications of Königsberg Ernst Ludwig von Aster. And it was part of the urban defensive fortification system. Today, the Tower is the monument of the Second World War.

Tower where the museum is located

The amber museum is the museum of a single mineral. The exhibition occupies three floors with the surface area of approximately 1000 square meters. The exhibition is divided into two parts: part of the natural sciences and cultural part and history.

Amber is the fossilized resin of ancient conifers that grew more than 40 million years ago in the territory of the modern Scandinavian Peninsula and the adjacent areas of the bottom of the Baltic Sea.

What to see in the amber museum in Kaliningrad

If you plan to visit the amber museum in Kaliningrad; You should know that in the part of the natural sciences the examples of amber of different sizes are presented; colors and transparency level. The exhibition has the example of Russia’s largest amber “sun stone” weighing 4 kg 280 grams. Most of the collection also takes the examples of amber with the remains of insects and plant particles; that have fallen into the liquid resin millions of years ago.

The Baltic Amber particles are very valuable in the world of science thanks to their variety; and excellent preservation. Thanks to this mineral we can verify our knowledge about life on Earth 40-45 million years ago. Today the collection of Baltic inclusions from the Kaliningrad amber museum is the largest and most important collection in Russia

The cultural and historical part contains examples of current use made of amber during the Neolithic period. In the museum are kept the artifacts that were discovered in the territory of Kaliningrad during the exavations of the monuments of the II-V century of our era (the time of contacts with the Roman Empire). In the towns of this time, large quantities of raw amber were found; presumably for sale and also along with jewelry very often there were a few of amber; that, apparently, had the sacred meaning.

Especially the collection has the unique works of seventeenth-century European masters donated to the Armory Museum of the Moscow Kremlin in 1978. It is complemented by modern copies of ancient objects made of amber; recreated fragments of the famous Amber Room in Pushkin (St. Petersburg); that disappeared during the Second World War and the authentic articles of the 19th and early 20th centuries created by Russian and European masters.

Get to know the amber museum in Kaliningrad today

In the permanent exhibition “The home of amber” are presented the works of the modern masters of Kaliningrad and St. Petersburg. Even the famous Alexander Zhuravlev, his mosaic “Rus” can be admired in the museum. Especially this author was the director of the restoration of the famous Amber Room of the Catherine Palace in Pushkin for 16 years .

Mosaic “Rus”

Also the large part of the exhibition is formed from the works of the modern masters of Russia, Italy, United States, France, Japan, Germany and etc. Among them are jewelry, sculpture, interior objects.

The museum today is one of the brightest cultural places in the city. Your collection has around 16,000 storage items. Every year the museum is visited by more than 200 thousand people; They organize 1,200 excursions, and more than 30 exhibitions and projects.

The museum offers an accessible environment for people with disabilities.

What to see in the amber museum in Kaliningrad and much more places that may interest you with Free Tour Russia, your excursion will be guaranteed and at the best cost.

Kutafia tower in Moscow

Visit the Kutafia Tower in Moscow

What is Kutafia Tower in Moscow? Visiting the Kutafia Tower in Moscow is a chance to learn about the history of the Russian capital. Excursion in the Kutafia Tower in Moscow is ideal for you.

The main entrance of the Moscow Kremlin is through the Kutafia Tower. That construction is unique there is simply no other tower that is contiguous with the bridge. Its name “kutafya” (ancient word for the small and plump women) the tower received for being short (the height of the tower only 13.5 meters), with a broad structure and awkward appearance.

What to see in the Kutafia Tower in Moscow

The Kutafia Tower is the work of the Italian architect Aleviz Fryazin. But it is still not known exactly when the tower was erected, there are several versions. Most historians believe that the tower was built in the 15th century; At the same time, with the construction of the Moscow Kremlin, which began under the command of Prince Ivan III. Some researchers argue that the tower appeared later: at the beginning of the 16th century. But everyone agrees that Kutafia has become a defender of the bridge that crosses the Neglinnaya River and heads towards the Trinity Gates of the Kremlin.

At that time to enter Kutafya tower could be only through the side entrances; everywhere it was surrounded by a very deep well. With the bridge of Troitsky, the tower was connected to the narrow path by which the Kremlin could come new troops to support the defenders of the fortress. In Kutafya, the guards constantly, even in times of peace, go to the Kremlin only after meticulous control: they went down the special ditch of the wooden bridge.

When in the neighborhood of Moscow the guards or residents saw the enemies, the temporary bridge that led to the Kutafia Tower had to be burned down and the doors were closed. So the watchtower in a few minutes became an impregnable fortress. The structure of the construction was such that the archers, which were at the time of the alarm anywhere in the fortress, could climb in a matter of minutes to the upper level, from which it was convenient to shoot. At the lowest level, there were also comfortable chinks, which allowed firing backward within 180 °.

The Tower of Kutafia has been rebuilt many times during its long history. In the year 1685, its wooden roof and the teeth of two horns supporting it were completely dismantled and replaced by the arcade. The moat sometime surrounded the fortress, also disappeared. Already in the early twentieth century, the road near the tower rose almost for two meters, so it gets through the entrance of the tower.

Excursion in the Kutafia Tower in Moscow

Today, the Kutafya Tower is not a formidable guard of the Kremlin, but its good “friend” who lets in every person who wants to see the Kremlin. Most tourists come to the Kremlin territory through this tower, without even guessing its heroic past.

If you want to book an Excursion in the Kutafia Tower in Moscow accompanied by our expert guide and other places in Moscow, visit our website Free Tour Russia Moscow

Legends of Hermitage

Conocer el Hermitage en San Petersburgo; Visitar el Hermitage en San Petersburgo; Que ver en el Hermitage en San Petersburgo

Visit the Hermitage in Saint Petersburg

The Hermitage is the largest museum in Russia and has one of the largest art collections in the world. Moreover, the museum complex is located in five buildings. To see all its attractions and not get lost in the endless halls of the palace, we recommend you book a guided tour with Free Tour Russia

What to see at the Hermitage in St. Petersburg:

The Hermitage is full of treasures. Among the many paintings and historical objects, the museum keeps its secrets and myths

The bloodthirsty goddess Sekhmet

One of the most sinister exhibits of the Hermitage is the statue of the Egyptian goddess Sekhmet. They say that once a year, on a full moon on the knees of the figure, a bloody puddle appears. Only the guard of the museum can see it in the morning when the liquid normally dries up. According to another version, the puddle does not appear every year, but only on the eve of major problems and disorders. In general, Sekhmet, the goddess of blood and severity, patronized the war and the scorching sun. According to the myth, she wanted to destroy the human race, but other gods prevented her. They poured the red wine, which Sekhmet took for blood and began to drink it avidly, after which she became intoxicated and fell asleep.

Revived Mummy

In the Egyptian room of the Hermitage, there is a mummy of the Pas-de-Ist priest, a unique exposed object, which is more than three thousand years old. In 2004, an administrator said that the mummy comes alive. According to her, the mummy’s muscle suddenly began to contract in the priest’s left shoulder, and then a growth the size of a walnut appeared. A few days later the growth disappeared, and the mummy has not moved again.




The mystery of the Peacock watch

The clock “Peacock” is one of the most famous masterpieces of the Hermitage, thousands of tourists from around the world come to see it. In the year 1777, Prince Grigory Potemkin bought the watch to make a gift for Empress Catherine II. But the surprise was not successful: the watch suffered serious damage during the transport and arrived at the palace in an inoperative condition. The prince ordered the reconstruction of the clock to the ingenious Russian master Ivan Kulibin. Ivan dismantled the clock, understood its device, repaired it and put it back together, adding some details. The animated “Peacock” made a furor in the court. When the watch was winding up, the bird stretched its tail, turned its back on the audience, stood still for a moment and returned to its original position. According to one version, with this gesture, Kulibin wanted to express his attitude towards the ruling house.

Underground passages under the Hermitage

According to legend, under the Hermitage, there are many underground passages that connect the palace with other places. It is believed that one of them goes to the mansion of Matilda Kshesinskaya, the dancer of the Mariinsky Theater, known for her romantic relations with men of the royal family. Another secret passage begins behind the throne in the Small Throne Room and connects the Hermitage with the General Staff. According to legend, before death, each emperor saw the shadow of his predecessor, emerging from behind the throne.

“Niki is looking at the hussar”

This story is quite real, but still incredible. Despite the revolution, the Civil War and the terrible blockade of St. Petersburg during World War II, several windows with prerevolutionary glasses survived at the Winter Palace. In one of them, next to the Malachite room, there is an inscription: “Niki is looking at the hussar”. It was made by the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, involving Emperor Nicholas II. The “graffiti”  is quite hard to see, it is written quite high in the window and is covered by a curtain.



The ghost of the Emperor

The citizens of Petersburg like to tell stories about ghosts who live in almost every palace in the city. The Hermitage usually meet with members of the royal family, the most often you can see the Emperor Nicholas I. The hazy figure appears only at night and clearly does not want communication with “the lower class people”. However, it is not necessary for the Imperator to speak: the spirit of Nicolas I is recognized for his military and uniform bearing with epaulets. There are also stories about characters from different paintings that seem to be in our reality and are looking for a way back.

Would you like to hear some other interesting stories about hermitage and Saint Petersburg? Visit us on Free Tour Russia Saint Petersburg and choose your tour with us.

History of the city: from Tvangaste to Kaliningrad

Get to know Kaliningrad – History of the city: from Tvangaste to Kaliningrad

What to see in Kaliningrad, one of the ancient cities of Russia. Seeing Kaliningrad is a good opportunity to know about its history and how it came to be what it is today. Visiting Kaliningrad is ideal for you.

If you are going to visit Kaliningrad you should explore

Time of Tvansgaste

Before the arrival of the Knights of the Teutonic Order in Sambia; on the site of modern Kaliningrad, there was a Prussian fortress of Tuvangste (Twangste, Twangeste). The story left no reliable information about the foundation of Twangste and the descriptions of the fort itself. According to legend, the Twangste fortress was founded by Prince Zamo in the middle of the 6th century.

Time of Königsberg

The Tvangaste fortress was conquered and burned at the beginning of the year 1255. In the same year the fortress of Königsberg was founded by King Otakar II of Bohemia.

There are several versions of the origin of the name Köenigsberg. The most common version is connected to the name of the Koenigsberg fortress, with the name of King Otakar II. According to her, the fortress and the future city were named after the King of Bohemia. Other versions of the origin of the place name connect it with Vikings or Prussians. Maybe “Koenigsberg” is a form of “Konungberg”, where “king”, “cunnigs” – “prince”, “leader”, “head of the clan”, and the word “berg” High shore “. In the Russian chronicles and maps until the end of the 17th century; instead of the name Koenigsberg, the toponim Korolevets was used.

Since the sixteenth century the city has become an important center of Lithuanian culture; The first book in Lithuanian was published here, and the important figures of Lithuanian culture used to live: Martynas Mazhvidas, Kristiyonas Donelaitis, Ludvikas Reza and others lived here.

The “triple” city (Altstadt, Löbenicht and Kneiphof), which was actually a city, but consisted of three administratively independent parts (each of the three cities had its own town hall, its burgomaster, its own court, etc.).

In the year 1724, three cities, numerous towns, villages and suburbs, as well as a castle that before had not been part of any of the cities, but had a special status of government residence, were merged into the city of Koenigsberg.

During the same year in Koenigsberg, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was born, the most famous native of the city in its entire history.

In 1919, Königsberg opened the first airport in Germany and one of the first airports in Europe and the world. In 1922 the air service begins between Königsberg-Riga-Moscow.

After the rise of the Nazis during the “Night of the Crystals” in Königsberg, the New Synagogue was destroyed, built in the years 1894 – 1896.

Before the end of World War II; in August 1944 the city of Königsberg was badly damaged by British bombers during “Operation Nemesis”. It has bombed mainly the center of the city, where there was virtually no military installation. Many civilians were killed, the old city and the most important historical monuments were burned. Later, the city was assaulted by Soviet troops.


Soviet era

The assault of the city of Koenigsberg by the Soviet troops in the course of the Eastern Prussian operation began on April 6, 1945.

The most ferocious battles took place in the strong number 5 “King Frederick William III”; That kept the rights to the northwest of the city. During the assault of the Red Army under the command of Marshal Vasilevsky it was for the first time the tactics of infantry of attack before the discharge of artillery; Avoiding enemy fire in the approach to reinforce the garrison by surprise and capture the fortifications. On April 9, 1945, in the “Der Don” tower; where the Amber Museum is currently located; The red flag was raised, which marked the end of the German history of the city.

By the decision of the Potsdam Conference of 1945, the northern part of the German province of East Prussia, together with its capital Koenigsberg, moved to the Soviet Union. Later, when signing with the frontiers, the Koenigsberg region was fully recognized as the possessions of the Soviet Union.

On July 4, 1946, after the death of the Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet politician Kalinin, in his honor the city of Königsberg by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was renamed Kaliningrad, although Kalinin had no city

After the war, the city began to be populated at a rapid pace, production was restored. But the city had a half-closed state in a relationship with the strategic situation and the abundance of troops. For foreigners, however, the city was completely closed, an exception to the friendly visits of neighboring Poland, almost never a visit by foreigners.

The authorities do not pay attention to the heritage of the German culture. The old city was not restored, and the ruins of the castles were demolished in the last 60 years, despite the protests of the architects, historians.

Kaliningrad in the Soviet era
Kaliningrad in the Soviet era

What to see in Kaliningrad today

Major changes begin in the decade of the 90s; The collapse of the Soviet Union gave the beginning of a new stage in the development of the Kaliningrad region. In October of 1996; Elections were held for the mayor of the city and then for the governor of the Kaliningrad region.

Since 1991, the city has been opened for international cooperation with foreign countries; mainly with Germany and Poland, in the direction of business, culture and education.

Kaliningrad today
Kaliningrad today


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What to see in the Moscow Kremlin?

Visit the Moscow Kremlin

What to see in the Moscow Kremlin, one of the most emblematic places of the capital and of all Russia. Visiting the Moscow Kremlin is ideal to come together during a guided tour. Excursion in the Moscow Kremlin, only with Free Tour Russia, you will visit the best places.

The Moscow Kremlin is the place that attracts the most attention of tourists visiting the capital of Russia. And not in vain!

It is a magnificent place full of history. Ancient towers, cathedrals, squares and not only that awaits you behind the walls of the Kremlin.

But what exactly do you see in the Kremlin? Which place is more interesting and worth visiting. In this article, we will tell you.

What to see in the Moscow Kremlin

The Moscow Kremlin is a complex of several cathedrals, palaces, and museums, which can be divided into 4 main categories:

Museums and territories of the Kremlin

– The great palace of the Kremlin
– The Kremlin State Palace – Concert Hall
– Presidential residence and office buildings (closed for tourists)
– Excursion to the Moscow Kremlin and museums.
– The territory of the Kremlin.

The territory of the Moscow Kremlin is very large, occupies 27 hectares. The good news is that most of this territory is accessible to tourists.

Once inside the Moscow Kremlin, you can see the majestic Cathedral Square, enjoy the views of the Kremlin cathedrals and admire the Tzar’s Bell (broken bell) and the Tsar’s Canyon. You will also see some important Kremlin buildings (outside), including the presidential residence and the Grand Kremlin Palace.

After visiting the architectural ensemble of the Kremlin Cathedral Square, you can walk in the spacious garden of the Moscow Kremlin (also known as the Alexandrov Gardens), which is especially beautiful in the spring, summer, and autumn.

The cathedrals and churches of the Moscow Kremlin in the Cathedral Square

The cathedrals and churches of the Kremlin are located in Cathedral Square.
During your excursion to the Moscow Kremlin you can become acquainted with five churches located in the Cathedral Square:

• Cathedral of the Assumption
• Cathedral of Arcángel Miguel
• The Cathedral of the Annunciation
• Church of the Deposition of the Blessed Virgin Mary
• Church of the Twelve Apostles (part of the Patriarch’s Palace)

These are just some of the churches that are located outside the walls of the Moscow Kremlin. There are other private churches that belong to the presidential and administrative part of the Kremlin but they are closed to visitors.

The Great Bell Tower of Ivan the Great

Several temporary exhibitions are presented in the exhibition hall of the Belfry of the Assumption (which is adjacent to the Bell Tower Ivan the Great). You can usually visit these temporary exhibitions during the visit to the Kremlin territory.

From spring to early autumn, you can climb to the second floor of the Bell Tower. Pay attention, the climbing is very complicated and not everyone can do it. Therefore, we recommend that you inquire about this place before planning your visit to the Kremlin.

As a general rule, a fixed schedule (sessions) is established to visit the Kremlin bell tower.
Usually, the following sessions: 10:15, 11:30, 13:45, 15:00 and 16:00. Because only 15 people are allowed to enter during 1 session, therefore the number of tickets is limited and it is usually sold 45 minutes before the start of each session (no online sale either).

Palace of the Patriarch

The Palace of the Patriarch is located in the Cathedral square. There is a permanent exhibition on the second floor. It is dedicated to the Russian culture of the seventeenth century and includes precious traditional dishes, jewelry, antique furniture, and clothing.





Armory Museum of the Moscow Kremlin

The Armory Museum in the Moscow Kremlin is one of the world’s leading museums-treasures of the former royal family and a Russian national pride. Its rich collection includes state regalia, coronation dresses, carriages, Russian gold and silver works of art, weapons and armor, Fabergé eggs and gifts from ambassadors from around the world. No visit to the territory of the Moscow Kremlin is considered complete without visiting the Armory.

If you visit the Moscow Kremlin and the Armory on the same day and your time is limited, please pay attention that the Chamber of Armory requires at least 2 – 3 hours.

Diamond Fund

The Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin is a separate exhibition, which is located in the building of the Chamber of Armory.
The diamond fund collection can be compared to the exhibition of real jewels in the United Kingdom and the imperial royal jewels in Iran.

The great imperial crown of Catherine the Great and all subsequent emperors, adorned with 5000 diamonds, is represented in the Diamond Fund along with seven historical gemstones, each of which is world famous.
Visit this museum occupies a special place and can become a brilliant event of your visit to Moscow!

Kremlin State Palace

Built in 1961, it is the newest building on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin, not to be confused with the Grand Kremlin Palace.

Today, the State Kremlin Palace is one of the most popular concert halls in Moscow.
The Palace is the main venue of the theater “The Kremlin Ballet”, one of the leading Russian ballet companies. Its artistic director and chief choreographer are the famous Andris Liepa.
“The Kremlin ballet” is the highest class of the art of dance, while in the Bolshoi Theater for example. Visiting ballet presented by the “Ballet of Kremlin” can be an excellent option if the Bolshoi Theater has no tickets available or they are too expensive.

The Kremlin is the main museum of the country, it is also used as a real (working) residence of the President of the Russian Federation. Therefore, some places and facilities in the Moscow Kremlin are closed to visitors.

What to see in the Moscow Kremlin and other emblematic places with Free Tour Russia, your best option in excursion services.

Moscow Arkhangelskoe

Visit the Moscow Arkhangelskoe

What to see in the Moscow Arkhangelskoe – one of the main jewels of the nearby suburbs. If you plan to visit the Moscow Arkhangelskoye, you should know that at least once during the summer almost all Muscovites arrive on pilgrimage: a walk through the quiet green streets, enjoy the sun’s heat and shadows of the park. How to get to Moscow Arkhangelskoe, in this article we will tell you.

The founder of the place was Prince Nikolai Yusupov. But the palace was flourished at the time of his numerous heires in the 19th century.

There are a lot of gift shops where you can buy a souvenir from “Yusupov”.

A little history

In its current appearance, Arkhangelskoe was acquired with the help of well-known European and Russian architects – J. Trombara, Sh.Gerna, P.Gonzaga, F.Petondi, O.Bove, and R.Kleyna.

The places were always popular between royal Russian family as well as representatives of Russian culture: writer, painters, artists and etc. Now the annual jazz festival is held here. “Usadba Jazz”, which gathers a lot of jazz fans from all over Moscow and from other places of the world

Arkhangelskoe as many other museums has its own ghosts. According to legend, in the cemetery next to the church of the Archangel Michael, he is frequented by the ghost of the daughter of Prince Yusupov – Tatyana Nikoláievna. She died at a relatively young age of tuberculosis and was buried in the marble angel’s grave. After her death, some witnesses affirm that an angel appears from time to time on the tomb.

How to get to Arkhangelskoe Moscow

To get to Arkhangelskoe you can use bus number 549 and 541 from the metro station “Tushinskaya”. It takes 30-40 minutes depending on traffic. You can also take bus number 151 to the “sanatorium” stop, which will be a little faster.

In addition, you can take a train to Pavshino station where you can take bus number 524 or number 24 to a “sanatorium” stop.

Opening hours and entry

Museum-Estate “Arkhangelskoe” is open all year round, but in winter park closes earlier (the sculptures are hidden in wooden boxes). Manor Park is open every day from 10:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. (November to April and 6:00 p.m.).

Traditionally, the tour takes about an hour, with good weather here you can easily spend a whole day. Exhibitions are open every day, except Mondays and Tuesdays, 10: 30 -17:00 (at 16:00 in winter); weekends and holidays from 10 am to 6 pm (in winter until 5 pm).

What to see in the Moscow Arkhangelskoe

The central part of the park occupies by the Grand Palace (1784-1820) Decorated with marble sculptures, the park invites to stroll in the alley Pushkin, where you can see the column in honor of the emperors Alexander I, Nicholas I and Alexander III, as well as the temple-monument to Catherine II.

Inside the palace, there is a museum, which was opened in 1919. There is the exhibition of works of leading Western artists 17-19 years of age. You can see works by Van Dyck, Tiepolo, Boucher, Robert, and other famous artists. The noteworthy is rich collection of decorative and applied arts: Yusupov porcelain (produced at the Arkhangelskoe plant), the sculpture of the 7th century BC, and the pride of the museum – the stately library with a rich collection of rare books (16 000 thousand volumes of editions of Russia and Western Europe of 16-19 centuries).

Arkhangelskoe, Manor

Continuing the walk through the park, you will stumble on a small palace “Caprice” and the small tea house. The Small Palace was used as a guest house, while the small tea house looks like a park pavilion in the Hermitage style.

One of the oldest buildings in the territory of Arkhangelskoe – a white stone church of the Archangel Michael, built in the 60s of the 17th century. Special attention is paid to Gonzaga theater, in the western part of the garden. Built in the years 1817-1818 by the Italian architect and painter Pietro di Gottardo Gonzaga, it is notable for its unique interiors and decorations, original work by Gonzaga is not found anywhere else in the world.

Finally, it is worth to visit a “porcelain institution” workshop, which was founded in 1818 by Yusupov.


In September, the museum organizes a dance in honor of the heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812, held master classes in dance. At the end of May celebrates the Pushkin’s day, a great Russian poet. On the first weekend of summer takes place the international festival “Manor. Jazz. ” besides, every Sunday at 3:00 p.m. in Arkhangelskoe are organized concerts of jazz and blues artists, and in the halls of the Upper and Lower “colonnade,” there are classical music concerts.

What to see in the Moscow Arkhangelskoe and many other places in Russia? Only with Free Tour Russia, you will enjoy every moment.

What places to visit in Sochi in summer and winter?

What places to visit in Sochi in summer and winter

What places to visit in Sochi during the best times of the year. Seeing Sochi in summer is ideal for those people looking for a bit of warm fun. It is also advisable to visit Sochi in winter to see the city with another interesting perspective.

This article we would like to dedicate to the most popular attractions of Sochi. We tell you what places to see in Sochi in winter and summer; what interesting places are located in the outskirts of the city: natural parks, museums and important cultural and historical complexes; Entertainment parks for the whole family.
Rest in the resort gives the opportunity to see a variety of exotic plants from the south; architectural monuments, beautiful temples, squares and fountains.
The most beautiful photos can be taken near the famous Fountains with light and music in the Olympic Park; in the garden-museum “Tree of Friendship”, Dendrological Park, in the Museum of Nature, Sochi Aquarium, summer theater, near the lighthouse. You can also find interesting and unusual places to take pictures like the monuments to the horse in a coat and the golden fleece.

Golden fleece monument
Monument “Horse in the coat”

If you want to enjoy the silence and relax in an environment of centenary cedar pines, the Potseluevsky and Komsomolsky parks are the best choice for it; places where you can find interesting monuments.

Potseluev Park
Komsomolsky Park

The main attractions of the Sochi neighborhood were created by nature; numerous waterfalls and caverns, canyons and gorges. All this is located in the territory of the Sochi National Park; which extends from the region of Tuapse to Abkhazia.

Get to know Sochi in summer

1. Sochi Olympic Park

The park is open everyday from 08:00 to 00:00. Fountains: from 6:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.
In the Sochi Olympic Park there are main sports facilities involved in the 2014 Winter Olympics. The complex was built from 2007 to 2013. It is located in the Adler district, in the territory of the Imereti plain.

Now the Sochi Olympic Park is not only a functional sports facility, but also a popular turist center, the park can be visited during all seasons of the year. The total capacity of the complex is more than 75,000 people.
Nearby is the Olympic Village.

2. Dendrological Park of Southern Crops


Boxes: every day from 08:00 to 19:00.
Greenhouse Exhibition Hall: from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (rest from 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m.), Monday, Friday: free days

Flower pavilion: everyday from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Dendrological Park “Cultures of the South”: everyday from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
The Dendrological Park of Sochi is one of the main attractions of the tourist city, a monument of landscape art, which brought together in its territory a unique collection of plants.

The founder of the park was the editor of the newspaper “Petersburg” and playwright Sergey Nikolaevich Hudekov when in 1889 he bought 50 acres of land on the southern slope of the bald mountain. In one part of the territory the park was established, in the other: the gardens.
Gradually the park was filled with collections of unique tropical plants, brought from various botanical gardens. A little later Sergei Nikolaevich built a villa for his wife and named her in his honor “Esperanza” (russo Nadezhda). Now in this building is located the museum.

3. Sochi Aquarium

It is open during the summer: from 10:00 to 20:00, without days off.
Sochi Discovery World Aquarium is the new two-storey aquarium located in Adler, Sochi.

The building has a total area of 6000 square meters, to the attention of visitors 30 aquariums of different sizes.

Among the inhabitants of the oceanarium are bright tropical fish, piranhas, rays, sharks, catfish, dangerous fish of the Red Sea, turtles, jellyfish and other representatives of marine and fluvial fauna.

In aquariums with colorful lighting there are small fish, familiar to most aquarist amateurs. There is also a special room that is stylized as a tropical park with small ponds where different kinds of carp live: from big to bright carp – koi.

The main aquarium of Sochi Discovery World is a tunnel of 44 meters long with sharks and other marine life.

4. “Riviera Park

The park of culture and recreation “Riviera” in Sochi is one of the most popular places for the rest of the family.

Initially, in the year 1898, the park was part of a large estate owned by the well-known businessman and citizen of honor Jludov. Under his leadership, the territory was ennobled. At the beginning of the 20th century, the park came under the jurisdiction of the city authorities, after which it was divided into thematic areas and declared as public space. In the area of ​​14.7 hectares there are 240 species of plants, 50 of them are especially valuable.

The main attraction of the park “Riviera” is the Friendship Glade; an ambulatory with magnolias planted by the cosmonauts (Yuri Gagarin, Leonov) and politicians (Moris Torez). A picturesque rosary with a thousand bushes of different varieties, pavilions and benches. The busts of great writers are located near the fountain: Pushkin, Krylov, Lomonosov, Nekrasov, Shevchenko, Tolstoy, etc.
In 2010, the pump room was inaugurated with mineral water, which everyone can drink.

5. Dacha of Stalin in Sochi

The Stalin Dacha in Sochi is one of the most famous and visited historical monuments of the spa town. Tourists from Russia and other countries come to see the place where the formidable and unshakeable leader of the former USSR lived and rested.
The dacha is located in the territory of the former sanatorium “Green grove” (since September 2016 the sanatorium “Zelenaya Roshcha” has been renamed the pension hotel “Rest-Matsesta”).

6. Achipse Fortress

Very close to the Krasnaya Polyana park, you can find the ruins of the Achipse fortress, which for many centuries had the function of defending the surrounding territories.





7. Mount Akjun 

Mount Akjun is a very famous place and a perfect viewpoint that is located near Sochi. Located in the Khostinsky district, it includes the mountains of great Akhun (633 meters – the highest point), Akhun Small (501 meters) and Eagle Rocks (also known as the white rocks, highest point 380 meters).
According to one of the legends, initially the height of Mount Akjun was 666 meters and was reduced during the construction of the tower.
Mount great Akjun and the tourist facilities that are located here are available to visit all year round, even in the winter. At the base of the tower there is a restaurant.
On the mountain there is a ferris wheel, on the way to the tower you can visit an exhibition of miniatures and a souvenir shop.

Exploring Sochi in winter

The natural attractions of Sochi and its surroundings are available to visit throughout the year. For example, you can visit caves in the National Park; Some of which are open for tourists in the winter, or go on an excursion to the mountain gorge of 33 waterfalls.

The ski resort “Rosa Khutor” in Krasnaya Polyana, where the cultural and ethnographic center is located; the sports and entertainment complex “Gorky Gorod” is also very popular in winter.

Undoubtedly, the Olympic Park will be the perfect option to visit in winter; stadiums, ice arena, cup of the Olympic flame. In Krasnaya Polyana; You can still visit the famous Olympic village, which, after the end of sports competitions, has become a part of the ski resort.

If you do not want to leave the city, you can see the exhibition of the Sochi museums; the Museum of Art, the Museum of Local History (it is the Museum of History), the Memorial Literary Museum of Ostrovsky; the Museum of the Glory of Sport. All of them are close to each other, in the center of the city.

Cable car in the Krasnaya Polyana Park


What places to visit in Sochi now you know, come and visit us, Free Tour Russia offers its best excursions. Get to know Sochi in summer or visit Sochi in winter, whatever your choice, we will assist you in the best way.

History of the Moscow Kremlin

Get to know the Moscow Kremlin

What to visit in the Moscow Kremlin, one of the most emblematic places of the capital. Seeing the Moscow Kremlin is necessary if you are visiting the city. How to take an excursion in the Moscow Kremlin; With our tour services in English we guarantee your visit to this and other places.

History of the Moscow Kremlin

In the distant past, the first settlement of the future Moscow appeared at the place where the Neglinaya River flowed on the Moscow river at the Cape of Borovitsky. In the year 1147, Prince Yuri Dolgoruky threw his party here. This mention of chronicle entered history as the founding year of the capital of Russia.

Already at that time the settlement was surrounded by a wall and wooden walls. This place, Yuri Dolgoruky in the year 1156, is established the fortress, which became the famous Moscow Kremlin.

In those days the fires in Moscow were very frequent. In the year 1337, almost the entire city of Moscow burned, for this reason since 1340 the Kremlin was surrounded by new oak walls.

The next fire of 1354 destroyed the Kremlin again. The same problem happened in 10 years. The rulers of the city urgently needed a solution to this problem.

Dmitry Ivanovich decides to surround the Kremlin with stone fortifications. Works begin on the delivery of limestone, and since 1368 in a city the white walls made of stone rise.

The modern vision of the Kremlin was formed in the years 1485-1495 by the initiative of Ivan III. A large number of the best architects from all of Russia participated in the construction. Italian architects also worked in the construction of the walls and towers of the fortress in the field of the construction of defensive structures in the city. The Italians in those times built Moscow everywhere; but even so the original Russian designs were not thrown away, the foreign influence was nothing.

The first tower of the Kremlin, Taynitskaya Tower was built in the year 1485 by Anton Fryazin. The secret passages to the river and a well had been constructed here, which provided the defenders of the fort with water.

In the year 1487 the southeast corner was occupied by the round tower of Beklemishevskaya built by Marco Fryazin. A little later, all the other towers of the Kremlin were built.

What to visit in the Moscow Kremlin:

Clock of the Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin

People will appreciate the main gate of the Frolovskaya tower. Through which horses and people did not pass with their heads covered. Later, the Frolovskaya tower was renamed to Spasskaya due to the icons of the spas of Smolensk and El Salvador that were placed here. According to the documents, the main clock of the state appeared in this tower in the year 1491.

The year 1625: the clock was replaced by a new one.

Another update of the clock was carried out under Peter I. With the transition to a single daily account of the time in the Spasskaya tower were placed the Dutch clocks with 12 divisions. But this clock after the fire of 1737 had to be removed from the position of honor.

The clock that we see in the tower was established in 1852 by the Butenop brothers.

The stars of the Moscow Kremlin

In 1935, on top of the Spasskaya, Nikolskaya, Borovitskaya and Troitskaya towers, stainless steel stars lined with red gold-plated brass were installed. In the center of the stars there was an emblem of two meters of a sickle and a hammer; adorned with precious stones. To install the stars they had to rebuild a small tower. Anyway, for two years, the stones of the stars vanished, and in 1937 the government decided to install ruby stars.

It is what we can admire at the top of the towers today

How to make an excursion in the Moscow Kremlin, do not worry, hire our excellent tour services in English, we take care of giving you the best during your tour, thanks to Free Tour Russia.

What to see in the Hermitage Museum of St. Petersburg

Guided tour of the Hermitage Museum

The Hermitage Art Collection, which is exhibited in the halls of the Winter Palace, is amazing and requires a lot of effort to get to know at least its outstanding specimens. Free Tour Russia offer you a guided tour of the Hermitage museum to walk through the exhibits halls and listen to exciting stories about the Russian emperors, about the history of the museum, about great Russian patrons and art collectors, about the past and present of the museum and the whole country, which are so tightly intertwined with each other.

The History of the Hermitage museum

The Hermitage Museum of St. Petersburg is the largest and best-known museum in Russia and one of the greatest art museum in the world. The museum begins its history in the year 1764 from the private collection of Catherine the Great. The museum itself was opened for public visits in 1852 in a building specially built for this purpose, the New Hermitage. Today the main part of the exhibition occupies five buildings located along the Neva embankment plus some branches located in the historical part of the city.

The beginning of the history of the Hermitage

The history of the collection of the State Hermitage has its roots officially with the reign of Catherine II. But his great predecessor, Peter the Great, also contributed off the creation of the museum. During his reign, a large number of exhibits appeared in the private imperial collection. For example, the famous “Scythian gold”: precious jewelry in the form of animals, stored in the golden pantry. The jewels were bought by Prince Gagarin for Peter’s Siberian collection.

Until the reign of Catherine, the replacement of the imperial assembly was almost non-existent or happened by chance. A vivid example is the “Mughal Gold” collection. In the middle of the 18th century, the Shah of Iran conquered the Mughal empire; that was in the territory of India. With the embassy, he sent gold jewelry and other jewels decorated with diamonds, rubies, and sapphires to Russian Queen Ana Ioannovna. The gifts were delivered to St. Petersburg by elephants. However, the gifts were already received by Empress Elizaveta Petrovna; who ascended to the throne as a result of the takeover. The gifts were accepted and forgotten; They were transferred to the Hermitage after the revolution. At the end of the twentieth century, it turned out that there were almost no Mogul treasures in Iran, and the largest jewelry collection of its time is found in Russia.

Hermitage after the Cathrine the Great

The most important period in the history of the museum is inextricably linked with the name of Catherine the Great, who is rightly called its founder. According to the order of the Empress was built an extension to the Winter Palace, where her first collection was placed

During the reign of Catherine the Great the collection was replenished with paintings by Titian, Rubens, Raphael and other great masters of arts, and the only sculpture of Miguel Angelo in Russia was bought “crouching boy”. In addition to the many paintings, Hermitage has obtained to its collection more than 10,000 coins and medals, more than 10,000 drawings and books.

Paul I, Cathrine´s son, continued to collect art, mainly from Italy. However, he ordered to put the letter “P” to all the images in his collection. Thanks to that, the scientists were able to determine exactly which canvases entered the Hermitage before the beginning of the 19th century.

With the reign of Alexander I, the collection was divided into several parts, with each of them a guardian appeared. In the time of Alexander I, the collection of the Hermitage was complemented with Spanish and English paintings. But the most valuable acquisitions are connected to the central episode of his reign: the War of 1812. Like many members of the French nobility, the Countess of Beauharnais, Napoleon Bonaparte’s first wife, was concerned about the preservation of privileges after the victory of the Russian army. She decided to give Alexander I a gift, which he refused to accept for a long time, but Josephine insisted. Therefore, the famous “Gonzaga Cameo” came to the Hermitage collection.

Nicolas I, interested in military matters, left after his reign 600 paintings depicting battle scenes. He also established the famous War Gallery of the War of 1812, in the year 1826.  Thanks to Nicolás I, the New Hermitage appeared, and the set of existing buildings was reconstructed.

And in the year 1852, the museum was first opened to visitors under the name of “Imperial Hermitage”. The next half century his collection was replaced with varying degrees of intensity. One of the famous acquisitions of that time was the “Virgin of Benois” by Leonardo da Vinci, bought in 1914.

Hermitage in the 20th century

The history of the museum in the 20th century resembles a history of dramatic and action detectives, among whose heroes are the museum staff, the Soviet authorities and the Russian army. In the revolutionary period, the Hermitage collection was not surprisingly damaged. Serious leaks began in the first years of Soviet power.

In the early 20s of the twentieth century, the collection was replaced thanks to nationalized private collections. But in general the goal of the Soviet government was to sell the exhibits to the west, and obviously, the museum employees wanted to keep them as it could be possible.

Thanks to the staff of the Hermitage, during the periods of greater “sale” of the collections of the Hermitage, lost the minimum number of the most valuable exhibitions. But the payment of this was very hard. In different years, more than fifty employees of the museum were repressed.

During the Great Patriotic War, the collection was evacuated to the Ural region, but the museum buildings suffered considerably. The damage inflicted on them is indicated by the list of construction materials needed for the restoration. It included 100 tons of cement, more than 60 tons of plaster, 30 kilometers of fabrics, etc.

After the war, Hermitage started working at the fastest pace. The museum was preparing to receive captured works of art, which were exported in large quantities from Germany. Hitler was going to open the museum, collecting all the best he could in Europe. At the time of the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the museum was preparing for the inauguration. By accident, his future director was arrested and reported on the whereabouts of the warehouses. The works of art were exported from Germany in trucks and trains to Russia.

The Hermitage Museum complex 

Winter Palace

The residence of the Russian emperors built according to the project of the architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli. The works of the construction of the palace were begun at the time of the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna and were completed in the reign of Peter III in the year 1762.

Small Hermitage

The palace was built during the reign of Catherine II

Big Hermitage (or old)

The palace built by the architect Felten in the year 1787 to store the replenished collection of Catherine II.

The Hermitage Theather

It was built by the decree of Catherine II by the architect Giacomo Kvarnegi to show spectacles and celebrate masquerades.

The New Hermitage

The building was built under the order of Nicholas I by the architect Leo von Klenze especially to show the exhibits of the imperial collection.

Would you like to know more about Hermitage museum or about Saint Petersburg? Visit our website Free Tour Russia.


Visit Serednikovo in Russia

Visit Serednikovo in Russia, a fascinating place to see works by the architect Mikhail Lermontov. What to see in Serednikovo in Russia here we tell you a little. How to get to Serednikovo in Russia and more with Free Tours Russia you will know it.

You do not necessarily have to go to the Caucasus – one of the most famous places of Lermontov is only 34 km from Moscow in the direction of St. Petersburg. The beautiful house, owned by the poet Serednikovo’s grandmother, became a kind of greenhouse; in which a great flower bloomed; his talent: young Lermontov had spent four consecutive summers; during which he wrote more than a hundred poems and the poem “The Devil”. Today the Serednikovo house not only complex literary museum, but also an exceptional example of stately architecture and landscape art; which is located with 16 historic buildings. There are thematic tours of the house and the garden; master classes, missions and corporate events, as well as a large cinematographic landscape museum; All this awaits tourists in Serednikovo.

The young Lermontov when he first saw Catherine Sushkova in this place fell in love with Serednikovo. Her beauty captivated him, she did not want to pay attention to the passionate child. So he started a cycle of Lermontov “sushkovsky” love poems consisting of 11 poems.

A little history

The Serednikovo Manor story begins in 1775; when Senator VA Vsevolozhsk decides to build on his ancestral lands in northern Moscow; on the right bank shore of the river Goretovki roots. The original architectural plan included a main house with outbuildings, some rooms; a park with a system of three ponds and bridges that connect to the shore. 50 years later, the estate was sold to D. Stolypin, brother, grandmother Lermontov. From 1829-1832, the young poet spends summers here with his grandmother. In 1860 in Serednikovo another prominent figure of Russia – famous reformer Piotr Stolypin. And in 1869 the property was taken over by the Firsanova merchant, whose family ownership was until 1917, when they nationalized it.

Subsequently, the farm went on to the subsidiary property of the businesswoman – Vera Firsanova. She has done a lot for Serednikovo. For example, by decision of Vera Ivanovna a bronze bust of Lermontov was established and the roof was painted in one of the halls of the estate in the poem “The Devil”. Firsanova arranged in a real arts hall Serednikovo: Chaliapin and Rachmaninoff, and Huon Serov frequently arrived.

In the Soviet era, the house housed a tuberculosis sanatorium, the building fell into disrepair. In 1992, she will finance the long-term lease “Lermontov National Center Serednikovo” under the direction of a direct descendant and namesake poet Mikhail Lermontov. The grand staircase and the expensive restoration; they manage to restore the original appearance of dominion; and today’s visitors are invited to explore the main house, numerous historic buildings and a church in honor of San Alejo; Admire the waterfall of three ponds and old stone bridges and relax on the picturesque banks of the Goretovki River.

On the farm the poet wrote two plays entitled “People and passion” and “strange.”

What to see in Serednikovo in Russia

Serednikovo spreads freely on 99 hectares of picturesque land in the northern suburbs. The complex consists of several parts: the main house with four wings, commercial and administrative buildings (including a former cattle and horse yards with a garage, a playground and a greenhouse), the church of Saint Alejo, with a bell tower Three levels and gardens with three cascading ponds, stone bridges and down to them from the main white stone staircase-ramp house.

The access road to the house, near a wrought iron fence and the main house, is the first thing you should know about Serednikovo. Following the broad path, you will enter the territory of Serednikovo through the main gate, which are separated from the landscaped flower beds, the revitalization of the white walls of buildings paint bright colors. A two-story country house with a gazebo, a magnificent example of Russian classicism with its symmetry, rigorous smooth lines and architectural retaining decorations. On both sides of the farm where there is an annex building with two floors, related colonnades.

The interior of the house can only be visited with a guided tour. For 1.5 hours you can visit its many rooms, decorated in the style of the ages 18-19 (hall and hallway, the oak room, the billiard room, the Lermontov room, the oval and the living room, the bathroom and Stolypin’s office), admire the stained glass windows and frescoes on the original Mudejar ceiling on the theme of “Demon”, you will learn many interesting things about staying at Lermontov’s cottage (including his first unrequited love, which it served as an impulse for the development of the poetic gift) and will pay homage to the poet in his monument in the garden.

Among the interesting dependencies of the home, are the old corral and the stables, where Gothic carport attention was attracted – very rare to see “thorny” in the heart of the Gothic suburban spaces. By the way, serednikovskie are thoroughbred Arabian horses, were highly prized in the court of the emperor. Here you will see the sand building, and another greenhouse, where, during the year Firsanov grew exotic fruits, which is sold successfully in Moscow.

Sanctuary of St. Alexis was made in Russian classical style. It was built at the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 19th century. Its last construction – a three-level bell tower from the 1860s. The interior attract the attention of ancient icons.

The large landscaped park begins right at the rear exit of the main house. By a wide white stone staircase-ramp, you can walk up to the old ponds of the waterfall, to admire the three stone bridges and make a wish in the most beautiful of them – from three bays of fortune, standing on the elliptical arcs. Another is to take a walk in the shade of the pines in the park and go down to the bank of a quiet river Goretovki.

Kinogorod “Oporto pilgrim”

In the territory of Serednikovo as we have said repeatedly films were made. In the end it was decided not to destroy the landscape, and to make them a kinogorod visit that nowadays anyone can see it. The landscape of rural England of the 17th century, medieval tavern, the old pier and a frigate, a fortress, a prison and a hotel – just some of kinopeyzazhey amusement parks “Oporto pilgrim.”

How to get to Serednikovo in Russia

Get to Serednikovo is possible by car on the road to St. Petersburg; or by train from Leningrad station. By car, you have to continue until km 34 of the road to St. Petersburg; where they turn to the town of Elin and then travel 4 km to the station “Firsanovka”, guided by signs. From “Firsanovka” to another Serednikovo 4 km.

By train at the Leningrad station, exit at the same station “Firsanovka”; then take bus number 40 to the “sanatorium” stop.

The farm is open to the public daily from 9:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. Kinogorod “Oporto Pilgrim” closes on Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays and school days from 10:00 -17:00.

With an agenda visits to the ceremonial house are available on the Free Tour Moscow website.

Visit Serednikovo in Russia and other places of tourist interest only with Free Tour Russia will enjoy it, contact us for more information. What to see in Serednikovo in Russia, we show it to you.

33 waterfalls in Sochi

Visit the Sochi waterfalls

If you like nature, visiting the Sochi waterfalls is ideal for you. Exploring the Sochi waterfalls during your stay in the city is an opportunity to see the majestic nature. Getting to know the Sochi waterfalls is possible with Free Tour Russia.

Explore Sochi waterfalls

33 waterfalls is a very famous place among visitors of Sochi. To be more correct these 33 waterfalls are located in the territory of the Lazarevsky district of the city of Sochi.

33 waterfalls is a nature reserve, the main attraction of which is a 12-meter-high waterfall. Impressive nature, mountain gorges, forests of wooded oaks, low relics rare and of course the waterfalls attract many people to enjoy the views and rest in the full nature.

Considering the characteristic of the waterfalls, they are part of a large waterfall, and go up and down like a natural water staircase, for the comfort of the multiple tourists that here built special wooden paths and stairs. Many tourists bathe in the waterfalls, although the water is quite cool, even in the summer season.

See Sochi waterfalls

Waterfalls can be reached either independently or as part of the excursion. And, maybe this is one of the few places in the Great Sochi, which is worth visiting with an organized tour.

If you want to try to reach the waterfalls by public transport, that can cause some problems. You will need to focus on the direction to the village Golovinka and then, through the village Bolshoi Kichmay you can reach the waterfalls. However, buses run along this route infrequently.

In conclusion, the 33 waterfalls is a very popular place among lovers of the outdoors and nature reserves, this place will give you many positive emotions and you will remember it for a lifetime. We recommend visiting this place if you travel to Sochi once and we wish you a pleasant stay!


Visit Fedoskino in Russia

What to see in Fedoskino in Russia – a small town in the Mitishchi district, Moscow region, but well known beyond the borders of our country. If you are going to visit Fedoskino in Russia, you should know that it has become famous since the 19th century as a center for miniature lacquer painting. How to get to Fedoskino in Russia, we will tell you later.

What to see in Fedoskino in Russia

Learning to paint more than ordinary painted cardboard boxes, it is possible, after having been in the current factory of miniature painting.
Teachers in Fedoskino who create works of art to this day. What are the only boxes and chests that local artisans do not make? Fairy tales, portraits, natures and landscapes, this is going to draw a picture of Fedoskino artists.

See how to create these works of art, to discover the history of the lacquer miniature, and of course, to fill your collection of souvenirs, you must visit Fedoskino in Russia.

The miniature painting in the village has been the work of a good half of the residents. This profession has grown all in Fedoskino with a dynasty of artists. The lacquer miniatures skill has always been transferred to the younger generation.
Learn how to get out of the cardboard box painted with ordinary paint, it is possible, after having been in the current factory of miniature painting.
The visits are made every day from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Admission price – 200-250 RUB per person. If desired, the factory can organize an individual excursion. However, it will cost more expensive – 1500 RUB per group of up to 5 people.
You can then try your hand at the main class by creating your own miniature. Participation in the same is from 800 to 1100 RUB.

How to get to Fedoskino in Russia

On bus 271 from the metro station “Altufyevo” to the town Fedoskino. Also by the Savelovsky station on the train, and then change to a 42-minute bus to Fedoskino. If you get in a car, you have to go to the Dmitrievsky Highway, at km 17 turn right and drive to Fedoskino.

The prices are shown on the page of February of the year 2016

You can also request a tour service on the website of

Metro 2 Moscow

Know the Metro 2 Moscow

This scouring meter before the sight of all is something more than a mystery; Many people have tried to find it, but with little success.
Of the most outstanding attempts is, an expedition in 1989, before the fall of the Soviet Union; when a group of young people proposed to enter and find this subway system for private use for the government, this cost them several years in prison for entry to private access to public property; but the group found an abandoned station that was in disuse, which encouraged the legend of Metro 2.

Only now do they allow access to some of the places that were then closed; but its existence remains a secret, which the government neither denies nor denies.

What to see in Talezh in Russia

Visit Talezh in Russia

What to see in Talezh in Russia, one of the many towns you can travel during your trip. Visiting Talezh in Russia is ideal for you. Know Talezh in Russia and more places of interest only with Free Tours Russia can do it.

What to see in Talezh in Russia

Talezh small village located near the city of Chekhov; Near Moscow, it is well known outside the Moscow region and Moscow. Here, in the courtyard of David deserts are the church of St. David of Serpukhov; a bell tower, a spring of holy water, male and female from the source. Religious people believe that the water of the holy source in Talezh healing; especially its impact on eye diseases beneficial suffering and the digestive system.

The first mention of Talezh refers to 1328. It is worth noting that this place is associated with many famous people. In the 18th century Talezh at the behest of Catherine II became the property of Count Vladimir Orlov, who some time later built the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin. Interestingly, Vladimir G. took an active part in the construction of the church and later supplied ev

Religious people believe that the water of the holy source in Talezh healing, especially its impact on beneficial eye diseases and digestive system.
With one hand the light of Catherine II area near Talezh was known Nerastannoe. Once the Empress returned from the Crimean War, and stopped to spend the night in Talezh. Before leaving, she said: “From these places it is impossible to leave.” After the story the name of the neighborhood was changed.

Talezh located on one of the tributaries of the Lopasnya River – the river with a beautiful name Smorodinka. At the end of the 19th century, is not very often a guest writer Anton Chekhov, who built in the village school.
After the revolution, the situation in Talezh was not the best, but the service in the temple was still until 1939. Religious services were resumed until 2011. Today Talezh attracts a large number of tourists and pilgrims. Of course, most people come here only for the sake of the sacred source. But if you do not have a goal, you can simply take a walk, it’s very beautiful and, above all, all equipped for a pleasant pastime.

Get to know Talezh in Russia

Spring is the name Venitsa historical. Most likely, the word comes from the “species” of Slavic old larch – a wedding, a wedding. In addition, September flame differently – “crown” – that is the time when the final harvest and the beginning of the wedding. Interestingly, with a dock connected mysterious stories and details. Many people who visited Talezh claim to have seen the lights around the fountain. According to them, the lights come in different sizes – from very small to 5-7 cm and in different colors. See them at any time of the year, but only in the place where the land seven springs that feed the Smorodinka River. Of course, skeptical atheists do not believe in it. However, the legend of flying flames appeared in ancient times.

It was the last in Talezh troops to curb the equestrian Dmitry Donskoy before the battle Kulikov, which was attended by residents and Talezh.
practical information
Arrive in Talezh possible by public transport and by car. From Moscow you can get there by train from the train station to the Kursk Chekhov station. Then on the bus or bus number 25 to the stop “Talezh”. By car you need to drive on the M2 highway “Crimea”, then turn left for 72 km. The next 11 kilometers through Melekhovo directly to the pointer “Talezh”. Keep in mind that in Talezh always a lot of visitors, and there are parking problems.

The area fountain is open from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. every day except Monday.

What to see in Talezh in Russia and other sites of interest, you can do it with Free Tours Russia. Visiting Talezh in Russia is easy, thanks to our excursion services you can see and know every place of this beautiful town. Knowing Talezh in Russia is ideal for you.

Amusement park in Sochi

What to see in Sochi Park

Visiting the amusement park in Sochi is ideal for a pleasant time full of fun. If you want to know the amusement park in Sochi contact us for more information. What to see in Sochi Park here we tell you.

Sochi is the perfect city to rest. And one of the places that we would like to advise to visit (especially if traveling with children) is the attraction park “Sochi park”.

Visit the amusement park in Sochi

Sochi Park is a theme park with attractions and entertainment for everyone. The park is built in the style of most famous Russian stories. It is located in the Adler district, in the territory of the Imereti plain next to the Olympic Park, and occupies 20.5 hectares. 2 years Sochi Park approves the name of the best amusement park in Russia, was also included in the list of 25 best parks in Europe.

The park was inaugurated in June 2014. And every year it attracts both Russian and foreign tourists.

Getting to know the amusement park in Sochi

If you plan to visit the amusement park in Sochi, you should know that the park has varied entertainment for visitors of any age. There are dilfinario, different and very interesting shows, you can also participate in games with tests or master-class. There is a special place for the smallest guests in the park. For older children: attractions for children and families, where you can ride alone or with parents, the “Space Jungle” rope park, a water development site in the Eco Village, science shows and an outdoor play laboratory . And teenagers and adults are waiting for a wide variety of unique extreme attractions!

Like the best parks in the world, Sochi Park follows a convenient concept for visitors: to use only entrance tickets for all places of interest in the park. A whole day of stay in the park, an unlimited number of rides in the attractions, master classes, children’s games, a dolphinarium and a variety of shows: all this a visitor receives for the cost of a ticket.

In the territory of Sochi Park is the Hotel Bogatyr, which offers different accommodation options and services related to the park. Also within walking distance of the park complex there are many other hotels where you can stay.

The park is open all year, and throughout the day there is not a single minute to get bored. Come and see this interesting place with your own eyes! Sochi Park is a world class entertainment for guests of all ages!

Tickets prices in Sochi Park in 2017

There are several options such as purchasing park tickets the box at the entrance of the park (adults – 2450 rubles, children – 1950 rubles, for beneficiaries – 1600 rubles, free for children up to 5 years, on the birthday day for children 5-12 years, children with disabilities with less than 18 years of age and 2.people over 70 years of age); special machines (usually there is mehos cola) on the official website of the park with the discount (
5.with special fertilizer for one year

Please pay attention that prices may vary depending on the season.

Knowing the amusement park in Sochi and other entertainment centers only with Free Tours Russia, guarantees your excursion in Spanish. What to see in Sochi Park and more!

Alexander Garden Moscow

Alexander Garden Moscow, what to see there.

What to see in Alexander Garden in Moscow, one of the most emblematic places in the city. Alexander Garden, probably, is an ideal place for guided excursions. Free Tours Russia offers you the best excursion services in English.

Certainly, Alexander Gardens is an oasis in the center of Moscow. It is located just next to the Moscow Kremlin. The approximate area of the garden is 10 hectares. The closest subway station bears the same name “Aleksandrovsky sad”.

The history of Alexandr Garden in Moscow

Alexander Garden was created according to the order of the Russian Emperor Alexander II during the restoration of the city after the war with Napoleon in 1812.

At first, the garden had a name Kremlevsky. It took 3 years to finish it, from 1819 to 1822. Earlier river Neglinnaya flowed through the garden. According to the project of the architect Osip Bove, the river was hidden to the pipes underground.

Afterward, in 1856 the garden changed the name and from that year became Alexandr (Alexadrovsky) Garden

The gardens consist of three parts:

First, the upper garden is 350 meters long and located between  Arsenalnaya Tower and Kutafia tower.

Then, the medium garden is 383 meters places between the Troitskaya and Borovitskaya towers.

Finally, the lower garden is 132 meters and extends to the Kremlin waterfront

What to see in Alexander Garden: points of interest

Arriving at the gardens from the main entrance you will see the main doors made of cast iron. Through these doors, you enter the upper garden. The design of the main doors with the symbol of the Patriotic War was created by the architect Pascal. The garden has three alleys of blue and lilac firs, acacia and jasmine, amazing flower beds and a preserved oak of two hundred years old.

In the middle part of the upper garden located an artificially destroyed grotto, built under the Tower of the middle arsenal. In front of the grotto, there is a monument with a list of communist philosophers and politicians, personally approved by Lenin.

The monument replaced the original one, built in honor of the 300th anniversary of the reign of the Romanovs in 1914. The northern part of the garden is connected to a large underground shopping complex on Manezhnaya Square.

Walk through Alexander Garden in Moscow

The main attraction of the garden is the grave of the Unknown Soldier with the eternal flame. In 1997, the guard, who used to be at the Lenin’s Mausoleum, now is in the same way at the Grave. The guards are soldiers of the presidential regiment that are in the post every day from 08.00 to 20.00.


The eternal fire

Alexander Garden of Moscow – Manege

Spanish architecture Augustine de Betancourt was a designer of Moscow Manege. But it was erected in neoclassical style by architect Joseph Bove in 1825.

At first, the offices of the military academy used it for training to ride. From the middle of XIX the century, it was an exhibition venue. In the Soviet time, it was a home for an art gallery.

On March 14, 2004, the day of the reelection of President Putin; the building caught fire. As a result, the wooden structure was destroyed.

However, a year after, the Manege opened its doors for visitors again.

The Alexander Garden and Manege, as a part of it, are the popular places for walking among citizens and guests of the capital

Do you want to visit the Alexander Garden and see other places in Moscow? Check out  Free Tours Russia Moscow

How to buy tickets to St. Basil’s Cathedral online without a queue?

How to buy tickets to St. Basil’s Cathedral online without a queue?

To buy tickets to the Cathedral of St. Basil without a queue is it possible? Here we show you how. A simple option to pay you ticket to this beautiful complex is tyo do it online. Here the instuction on Free Tours Russia:

To avoid queues, we explain how to buy the ticket from the Cathedral’s website. This task is not simple, because to do it you have to know Russian, because the page does not have an English version. But we help you with this “guide to buy tickets to St. Basil’s Cathedral online without a queue”. Another name of the Cathedral of St. Basil is Pokrovskiy sobor or the Pokrovskiy Cathedral. To get tickets to St. Basil’s Cathedral online, you should follow several steps:

Buy tickets to the Cathedral of St. Basil online

1. Enter the page

2. In the menu above we can choose either 30 days, or this month, or next month, or the exact date. When you enter here for the first time, it’s automatically chosen “30 days”.

to buy tickets for St.Basil Cathedral online

The names of the months in Russian:

  • Январь – January
  • Февраль – February
  • Март – March
  • Апрель – April
  • Май – May
  • Июнь – June
  • Июль – July
  • Август – August
  • Сентябрь – September
  • Октябрь – October
  • Ноябрь – November
  • Декабрь – December

Days of the week:

  • Понедельник – Monday
  • Вторник – Tuesday
  • Среда – Wednesday
  • Четверг – Thursday
  • Пятница – Fryday
  • Суббота – Saturday
  • Воскресенье – Sanday

We advise you to choose the exact date and not to try to translate all the dates and days on the list.

3. The date chosen is June 21 in the table that appears in the results below the third option «Входной билет в Покровский собор» and now you can press the red button «Купить» (to buy).

to buy tickets to St.Basil Cathedral without a queue

4. On the next page we can choose how many tickets you want to buy and to continue.

Here you have to chose the checkbox and you have to put the email.

to buy the tickets to St.Basil Cathedral without a queue

5. To your email comes the message with the special code that you have to put on the next page. Here is the message.

to buy the ticket to St.Basil Cathedral without a queue

We copy this code and put it in the first field called «Проверочный код». In the second field «ФИО получателя» we put the full name and surnames of the person who will collect the tickets in the physical box of the cathedral, changing the electronic voucher to the tickets for the whole group.

Then press the button «Подтвердить» (Confirm).

6. On the next page, you can see the complete ticket information and check the information before paying. Is there the order number, the date, amount, number of people. If all good you have to press the button «Оплатить» (Pay).

ATTENTION!!! The electronic ticket cannot be returned !!!

to buy the tickets to St.Basil Cathedral without a queue

7. Then you enter the payment page. Here you have to put card number «Номер карты», Month / Year «Месяц / Год» and CVC or CVV code and press “Оплатить” button if you want to proceed  and “Отменить” button if you want to cancel.

comprar las entradas a la Catedral de San Basilio online sin cola

8. After your ticket is paid, the electronic voucher will arrive in your email. With this voucher (better print it out) and passport, the person whose name indicated in the ticket, has to come and pick it up in the box of the Cathedral of St. Basil in the special window without a queue.

Now you know how to buy tickets to St. Basil’s Cathedral without a queue.

To visit the Red Square and see the Cathedral of St. Basil outside visit our page  Free Tour in Moscow. And get your tickets to St.Basil Cathedral online with our help.

What to see in Saransk

Visit Saransk

What to see in Saransk, an old city and the capital of the Republic Mordovia. If you plan to visit Saransk, you should know that it is located on the bank of the Insar River. Saransk appeared in history the first time in the 1641 year as a military fortress. Status of the city Saransk received in 1780. Initially, the entire city was built of wood. But then it was rebuilt in stone, so in the city, there are not many old houses. Modern Saransk has three neighborhoods – Oktiabrskiy, Leninskiy, and Proletarskiy. The Leninskiy district is central, here is most of the places of interest. Want to visit Saransk, come with us. Touring Saransk is possible thanks to Free Tours Russia.

What to see in Sarans: 10 most important places

How to visit Saransk in one day? We offer you a list of the 10 most interesting places in Saransk.

  1. The Cathedral of St.Theodore Ushakov

The construction of the cathedral was from 2002 to the 2006 year after San Fedor Ushakov was chosen as the protector of the place. Fedor Ushakov was an admiral of the Russian fleet and won all the battles. The cathedral is built in imperial style. The dome is built in the neo-Byzantine style and its height is 62 meters along with the cross. It has 12 bells that were fused and created with the old churches of previous centuries. Inside the cathedral, there is a golden wooden iconostasis. Three altars are dedicated to Saint Fedor Ushakov, Saint Serafim Sorovskiy and the Saints of Mordovia.

Location – Sovetskaya 53, Saransk


  1. The Privokzalnaya square and the train station

The trains in Saransk began to circulate in 1893 through the road from Moscow-Kazan. The Privokzalnaya square is translated as the square of the train station. It was built in the last years of the 19th century. In the square, there are two important sightseeings of Saransk: the building of the train station (in Russian “vokzal”) and the monument of the heroes “Stratonauts”. The Vokzal building was reopened in 2009.

The statue of the Stratolaut heroes is built in honor of three people – Andrey Vasilenko, Iliya Usikin and Pavel Fedoseenko. In 1934 they in a device that could travel to the stratosphere “Osoaviohim 1” have risen to the height of 22 km. It was a record of rising at this point of a device of this type and the first rise of the device in the middle of winter. But in the attempt to land the device fell on the territory of Mordovia in a village Potizhskiy Ostrog. The whole crew died. In honor of these people, this monument was built.

Location – Privokzalnaya ploshad, Saransk


  1. The memorial museum of heroes of World War II

The memorial museum was opened in 1995 for the 50th anniversary of the victory in World War II. In the museum, there are rooms of honor, of generals, of the inheritance of generations, of “the roads of fire”. In the museum, you can find many books, soldiers’ diaries, letters from the front, personal objects of soldiers and captains. The facade of the building presents Georgio’s ribbon in colors of black and orange, symbolizing victory in the Patriotic War.

Location – Sovetskaya 36, Saransk. Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 to 17


  1. The art museum of painter Erzi

This museum is one of the most important in Saransk. Its collection has 200 works by sculptor Stepan Erzi. In addition, there are pictures of the painter F. Sichkov and the painter I. Makarov as well as a large collection of other works of Mordovian artists.

Location – Kommunisticheskaya Ulitsa, 61, Saransk





  1. The monastery of Ioann Bogoslov

This monastery was founded in the 18th century. It was started with the construction of the temple of Archangel Michail in 1702. And in two years the cathedral of Ioann Bogoslov was built,

In the 19th century, the church icon of Mother Mary was placed. As a monastery it was inaugurated in 1994. The composition of the monastery has the shape of a pentagon with the cathedral in the center. The architectural complex completed mainly in baroque style.   Currently the complex is open for pilgrims and tourists.

Location – village Makarovo, ul Nagornaya 35

  1. Pushkin park

This park is the favorite place of the citizens. The history of the park began in the 19th century when the city government decided to plant the trees in the Uspenskaya square, where the Uspenskaya church was located. Mainly the park was thought as a city garden and its territory was 2 hectares. In 1899 the park received the name of the famous Russian poet Pushkin and his statue was placed (later it was changed to another monument).

In 1935 to the garden was added a zoo. Now the park has a summer stage, dance floors, coffee shops, exhibitions and summer cinema. Its territory is 40 hectares.

Location – Krasnoarmeyskaya Ulitsa, 12, Saransk

  1. The fox bridge

The fox is the symbol of Saransk and there is on the flag and shield of the republic Mordovia. In 2009 in front of the art museum, the composition The fox bridge” was installed. Citizens believe that if you touch the nose of this animal it helps you fulfill a wish. In front of the statue, there are the spheres of predictions, which can be used by anyone.

Location – Kommunisticheskaya ulitsa, Saransk

  1. The little house and the statue of Emelian Pugachev (Pugachevskaya Palatka)

The Pugachev tent is the oldest civil building in Saransk. Located on Moscow street. The construction dates back to the end of the XVII – the beginning of the XVIII centuries. It was named after the estate of Yemelyan Pugachev, who in 1774 captured Saransk and settled in this house. Pugachev was the leader of the peasant uprising during the reign of Catherine the Second. Now the tent is located next to the Museum of the ethnographic museum. Entrance to visitors inside is closed. The monument to Emelyan Pugachev was erected on the spot where in 1774 from June 27 to July 3 the headquarters of the rebel forces was located.

Location of the statue – Korolenko st, Saransk. Location of the cottage – Moskovskaya st, Saransk

  1. The Ethnographic Museum of Saransk

The history of the museum began in 1918. In 2005 the museum was named after a scientist and writer Ivan Voronin. In the museum, you can see many historical relics, coins, books, weapons, musical instruments, objects of ordinary use, traditional clothes and ect.

Location: Moskovskaya 48, Saransk. Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 to 18

  1. The church of St. Nikolas

The church of St. Nikolas was built between 1897 and 1906 years. The architect’s nickname was a Penza builder. The main altar table sanctified in honor of Saints Peter, Paul, and Saint Nikolas. The building is quite massive and it is made of red brick. In Soviet times the church was used as a warehouse and later as a museum of books. In the 1990 building was returned to the Orthodox church.

Location: Volgogradskaya 90, Saransk


The typical dishes of Saransk and the Republic of Mordovia

5 typical dishes that you have to taste in Saransk.

Valdo yakstere viy (Валдо якстере вий)

This dish is a cover of beet and goat cheese cut into square pieces. They are served with sunflower oil.

Ersia soup– Shi(Эрзянский суп ЩИ)

The ersia soup (this is the name of the village of Mordovia) is usually cooked of meat. People thought that soup is the most important dish because it gave strength and physical fitness. The main soup is the Shi that was prepared from chicken or beef or pork with vegetables.

Bear paw (ofton lapat – овтонь лапат)

The paw of the bear is a well-known dish in Mordovia. You can find it in almost every café and restaurant in Saransk. The dish has its own history. Once upon a time, a boy wanted to marry a girl, but before he had to hunt a bear to become a man. Finally, he killed the bear and brought its fried paw as a gift to his girlfriend. Currently to cook this dish there no longer use of meat of the bear, but pork or cow. Then add eggs, spices, onions and prepare minced meat. Then model the croquettes and top them with bread.

Drink Poza (поза)

It is a cold beet drink in the style of the Russian drink Kvas. People like to take it in summer. We recommend you to try it, it’s an interesting experience.

The tits of a young girl(груди молодушки)

The food with the original name is a cake with different fillings. In ancient times these cupcakes used to make for the wedding and fill them with cottage cheese so that the bride having a baby would have a lot of milk. In addition, they asked that the future wife will give birth to 7 children and 7 daughters. Now, these cakes do not have much effect, but the name is still there.

How to visit Saransk

There are many ways to visit Saransk.


Saransk can be reached by plane from Moscow, Samara, St. Petersburg, Sochi. The flight from Moscow lasts 1,5 hours. The airport is in the village Luhovka. From the airport to the city you can get by bus or taxi.


To Saransk by the train can be reached from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Samara, Yekaterinburg, Ivanovo, and others. The train from Moscow to Saransk takes from 8.5 hours to 10.5 hours.


There is an opportunity to visit Saransk by bus from different cities.  This way of traveling we recommend you just in case there are no flights and trains to the city because the bus is less comfortable than train or airplane.

Going through Saransk is easy and simple, thanks to Free Tours Russia

If you want to visit Saransk, do not forget to book your unforgettable tour here.

Holidays in Russia in May

Holidays in Russia in May: where to go

There are many places to see in Russia, for example visiting Yaroslavl in May, or touring Sochi in May, hiking in the Golden Ring in May and other cities of interest throughout the country.

Holidays in Russia in May, if you wish, can turn into an extraordinary vacation. We tell you how to visit Russia to explore submarines; scientific museums; old fortresses and, of course, churches with monasteries during the Russian spring.




Holidays in Russia in May: Visit Yaroslavl in May

The main stone in the collar of the Golden Ring cities during the holidays is experiencing a real tourist boom. To see the ancient monasteries and churches go people from all over the country and the world. The main “place of power” in Yaroslavl is the Reserve Museum. Where, in addition to fascinating excursions on weekends; master classes on the production of pupae and various handicrafts made of cloth are held. If you walk without a guide, do not forget to consider the exhibition “The disposition of Igor’s host”. After all, one of the most valuable exhibits in Russian history is here: the only handwritten list of the poem; whose original died in a fire during the war with Napoleon.

Go to the museum, take a gift: your living symbol, the beautiful bear Masha. He has already woken up after hibernation and picks up a “tribute” from tourists with cookies and apples.

The city has many theaters: the Volkov drama theater; and the theater-studio “El vagabundo” and the Vorontsov Chamber Theater. But even those who are not interested in the theater; They have things to do in this city: see the attractions associated with film and literature, the place where the movie “The Thief”, “Doctor Zhivago”, “Equipage” and the “Bolkonski house” on the coastline were recorded. Look at the Nekrasov estate, see the ancient Russian city of Myshkin in the vicinity of Yaroslavl.

Finally, the history and architecture of the city, its ancient cathedrals and monasteries are interesting in themselves. Many centuries ago, Yaroslavl was called “the city of one hundred churches”. But now there are only thirty left, and everything can be inspected in one visit. In the summer, when the flower beds are blooming, and at the beginning of autumn, when the leaves start to turn yellow, it is just nice to walk around Yaroslavl.

Tour Sochi in May

The sun is already heating the Olympic capital. Bathing, of course, is still early, but the city can be explored without crowds of tourists. Walk through the territory of the coastal cluster; where the opening ceremony of the Winter Games was held; and look at the huge futuristic stadiums of the Olympic Park: Fisht, the Bolshoy Ice Palace, Adler-Arena, Shaybu.

In the vicinity of the city in May, you can take a walk in the mountains, climb the Eagle rocks, reach the Zmeikovski waterfalls, go with a guide to the Sochi National Park, where you will definitely enter the Vorontsovskaya cave.

From the beginning of summer and until the end of autumn, tourists come here to swim in the Black Sea, to sunbathe and warm up on the sides on the cobblestones of the red-hot beach. In breaks: take horseback riding and cycling in the mountains, skiing and snowboarding in winter in the Krasnaya Polyana resorts, and, of course, to see the best Russian cinema films at the Kinotavr festival.

Sochi, it’s like a film set, it was chosen repeatedly by Soviet cult filmmakers. In 1956 there was the filming of “Elder Hottabych” in 1961 – “The amphibious man”, in 1966 – “the captive of the Caucasus”, in 1968 – “The hand of diamond”, in 1969 – “Attention, turtle”, In 1981 – “Be my husband” (in the village of Loo), in 1984 – “Love and pigeons”, and, of course, the film “In the city of Sochi dark nights” in 1989.

Excursion in the Golden Ring in May: Suzdal

An ancient city, where a day trip is traditionally chosen. Here it is convenient to walk on foot. You can walk along the earthen walls and the ditches of an old fortress, whose wooden buildings were burned two centuries ago, visiting the Chambers, monasteries, and churches of the Bishops. And, of course, sit for an hour in a cozy refectory or tavern.

One of the most interesting places in the city is the Museum of Architecture of Wood and Peasant Life, which consists of buildings with dark trunks. In the interior, the utensils, articles for the home, that were used in the town are collected. In addition, the territory of the museum regularly hosts handicrafts. Do not forget to visit the museum “Shurovo Gorodische”, whose exhibitions were the stage for the movie “King” by Pavel Lungin.

Suzdal is a great tourist center, loved by both Russians and foreigners. For the first trip here, you will have the opportunity to learn more about the traditions, architecture, and history of the native country, for the second, the Russian exoticism. In Suzdal, you can forget about the sweet soda: here in almost every step, traditional Russian drinks are sold: sbiteni and mead, including non-alcoholic options.

The main thing, of course, is architecture. Nowhere in Russia there are not  so many ancient monuments than here (here there are more than three hundred). At a glance, you can see that some of them need restoration. Go to the Suzdal Kremlin, take a look at the shopping arcade, feel the provincial silence and the grandeur of Central Russia’s nature. Many people think that one weekend is enough for a trip to Suzdal, but if you really want to disconnect from the hustle and bustle of big cities, go there for a week.

Sevastopol in spring

In the 6th century BC, a Greek colony was established in the area of the modern-day city. The Greek city of Chersonesus existed for almost two thousand years, first as an independent democracy and later as part of the Bosporan Kingdom. In the 13th and 14th centuries, it was sacked by the Golden Horde several times and was finally totally abandoned. The ruins are a popular tourist attraction located on the outskirts of the city.

What can you see?

Sevastopol with its old fortresses, bays and gun batteries has been transformed for a long time into a large open-air museum. It is not necessary to talk about the sea. Anyone who has been to Sevastopol remembers the local beaches and the embankment. There you can walk for hours, admiring the sunsets and the waves that breaking the granite, cover the main promenade of the city with foam and splashes.

Visit Saint Petersburg in May

Russian spring

The guide books put aside the noisy Moscow and place Saint-Petersburg first on their pages. While obstructed traffic jams in the capital are looking for low-cost and tolerable housing, St.Petersburg has good hotels near the center of the city, next to St. Isaac’s Cathedral, walk on the endless Nevsky Avenue and get lost in the labyrinth of The Hermitage museum.

In the end of May 20 begins the season of White Nights. It’s the best time to walk along the embankments and look at the drawbridges.

Pskov in May

For the first time about this city, located at the confluence of the Great and Pskov rivers, is mentioned in the ancient Russian chronicles, dating from the beginning of the XII century. Up to the beginning of the 18th century, Pskov was one of the largest cities not only in Russia but also in Europe. For a long history, the city survived many battles, but Pskov was captured only once and occupied – twice during the First and Second World War. Today Pskov, which is the largest stone fortress in Europe, is one of the most important tourist centers in Russia of ancient architecture.

Pskov belongs to the type of cities, the streets of which it is better to wander on foot because all its main attractions are hidden behind the facades of the main streets and away from highways.

Located 120 km from Pskov, the Pushkin Mountains – This is a unique historical and cultural reserve with floodplain meadows, ancient settlements, lakes, the merchant village Velia and three noble estates. Each of them is connected with the stay of the Russian poet Alexander Pushkin. The total area of the Pushkin Memorial Museum-Reserve is about 9,800 hectares. It is very beautiful during the whole year and especially in spring.

What to see in Nizhny Novgorod

The city is famous for several reasons: a stone fortress Kremlin, the writer Maxim Gorky, who was born here and lived for many years, the car factory “GAS” and the patriots who liberated Moscow from the poles – Minin and Pozharsky. Nizhny has its own “Arbat”( the same name of the street in Moscow), the Bolshaya Pokróvskaya pedestrian street with an incredible number of intricate monuments: the postman with the motorcycle, a spoon, a goat, a young woman, cleaning shoes, and many other characters. It is worth getting acquainted with all these attractions.

There are more than 600 unique historic, architectural, and cultural monuments in the city. Most of the notable landmarks are the two great medieval abbeys. The Pechersky Ascension Monastery features the austere five-domed cathedral (1632) and two rare churches surmounted by tent roofs, dating from the 1640s.

The Chkalov Staircase connecting Minin and Pozharsky Square, the Upper Volga and the Lower Volga embankments. It is the longest staircase in Russia The staircase starts from the monument to Chkalov, near St. George’s Tower of the Kremlin.

If you are planing to visit Russia this spring, do not forget to include Nizhny Novgorod to your list.

Beautiful Kostroma

The charming province of Kostroma touches the soul. Especially if you are going to walk through its streets early in the morning of the day off. Local residents, concerned about internal affairs; They have not yet entered the city and, therefore, there is silence around. The platforms carved in wooden houses, from time to time they are with columns of water; peeking from behind the trees golden domes of the churches, and; finally, the shopping gallery next to the mountain of milk. It seems that at a time in this mountain there will be noisy women with cans, cottage cheese, and cheese; who crossed here from the other side of the Volga to sell their fresh produce. It seems incredible that the city retained the appearance and atmosphere of the late nineteenth century, which today can only be imagined with the help of history textbooks.

The business card of Kostroma is Susaninskaya Square, which the locals call “frying pan”. The streets come out of their rays. In the square there is a monument to Ivan Susanin. Remember that, from the beginning, Kostroma was associated with the Romanov dynasty. It is here, on the walls of the Ipatievsky Monastery; At the behest of Zemsky Sobor, the young Mikhail Romanov was named the Tsar. Here, not only Russian tourists but also Germans, British, French, and Americans come to see the Romanov boyar chambers and the amazing church paintings that cover the walls from floor to ceiling.

One of the most popular places in the city is the Kostroma Sloboda reserve, where the most beautiful examples of churches and wooden houses built in the region are collected. Here you can see how the loom works and how the linen is turning. For the youngest of Kostroma an impressive museum was opened: Terem Snow Maiden, where an ice room is equipped, which even in the summer needs to go in boots, and on a regular basis, there are vacations.

Kaliningrad in May

Kaliningrad is a very interesting option to spend holidays in Russia in May. This city became the city we know today after the end of World War II. The Soviet power literally restored the city from the ruins. Although some of the old buildings have survived. To this day, here are the church and housing blocks, the complex of defensive fortresses; the University rebuilt from the ruins of the cathedral, which houses the mausoleum of Emmanuel Kant; the great philosopher, who lived all his life in this city.

In addition to the “classic” of the city, be sure to visit the World Ocean Museum; where the world’s largest research vessel “Vityaz” and Russia’s only submarine museum float “B-413”. At the same time, have time to walk the dilapidated corridors of Fort No. 5 and, perhaps, to reach the Curonian Peninsula.

In addition to the architecture, Kaliningrad inherited from Koenigsberg the traditions of fishing and brewing, the zoo and the botanical garden. Parks and ponds preserved, where citizens mingle with tourists relax after a walk through the museums.

Because the city is located in the Baltic Sea, it has a very specific marine climate. How citizens joke “If you do not like the weather, wait 15 minutes, it will soon change”. In Kaliningrad, the rains go often, which does not prevent sun-tan lovers from being fired in black on the “skillettes” on the beaches of Zelenogradsk and Svetlogorsk. The proximity of the sea offers the inhabitants of the village an opportunity at the end of the day to move easily through the area (the benefit of Kaliningrad to the sea is only 30 km away) and rest in the sand of the dunes.


Russian spring

The third capital of Russia, a city with 1000 years of history. The beautiful Kazan surprises with her architectural masterpieces and hospitality. Here the tangle of Eastern and Western cultures is tangible: in language, in architecture, in the kitchen, in everything. Here, not far from the city, the “Temple of all religions” is built.

It is one of the most beautiful and modern cities of Russia, which acquired modern sports complexes, new facades and excellent roads for the Universiade last year. The most famous local monuments are the old Kremlin, established by order of Ivan the Terrible. And the Kul-Sharif mosque: it is one of the most beautiful in Russia.

In addition to excursions to historic sites, be sure to go to Blue Lake: it does not freeze even in winter and, according to locals, have healing properties. You can relax after the excursions and hikes at the entertainment center “Korston” or on the “Kazan Riviera”.

Enjoy the Russian spring

Russian spring

The Moscow region is incredibly diverse. In the west, there are many military monuments and memorials. To the south, there are many historic mansions and museums connected by the name of famous writers, poets, and statesmen. Continuing the tour in a circle to the left towards the east; It is worth visiting the old Kolomna with its impressive Kremlin and Posad, to see the Lavra of Sergiev-Posad. To study better-revived crafts. In the northern outskirts of the region you can visit in Zhostovo – painted trays; in Fedoskino – miniature lacquer and in Bogorodsky – wooden toys.

Veliky Novgorod: the historic city

Russian spring

The “Father of the Russian cities”, which, in 2009 celebrated a pompous 1150 anniversary. For the commemoration, it was carefully restored, and now it is as well arranged as the tourist cities without torsion of Europe. The history is full of each street: almost all the wooden and stone buildings of the old city are protected by UNESCO. Beyond the borders of Novgorod is incredibly interesting. Only 10 kilometers away is the legendary Ilmen Lake and the active Yuryev monastery founded by Yaroslav the Wise.

In addition to the most popular attractions in the city, you should definitely visit the Museum “Vitoslavlitsy”. The museum represents wooden architecture, where the old wooden cabins. You can see how people lived and what utensils they used, and even get to a festival.

In the center of the city, Novgorod Detinets is located on the same bank of the Volkhov; and Yaroslav Dvorishche, in the other. You can spend many days exploring local buildings and monuments. Near the city, there is a city of Rurik; where the residence of the Russian princes was for a long time. Lovers of nature and picturesque species will surely appreciate the walk along the river to Lake Ilmen.

Despite the abundance of ancient architectural monuments; Novgorod does not produce the impression of an old and backward city. The Novgorodians are very careful with their cultural heritage, but at the same time, they are constantly trying to change the face of the city. There are new monuments, architectural compositions, restored and open to visit the old buildings. Clean and tidy Novgorod is the place where it is good to come to the weekend to spend a couple of days not only on vacation but also studying the history of Russia.

If you want to visit Russia and see the typical Russian spring, book the tour now.

Visit Yaroslavl in May, tour Sochi in May, tour the Golden Ring in May; and other cities in this month where the spring full of joy every place, is ideal for sightseeing. Contact us for more information.

The Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino

Visit the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino: main information

Visit the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino, one of the great museums of Moscow. Getting to know the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino is ideal for a guided tour. Tour the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino only with Free Tours Russia who offers you the best tour services in Spanish.

Tour the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino

The Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino is located in the vicinity of the Parque de la Victoria, on the opposite side of the subway street of the city. This place now includes several departments and has three exhibitions. Here it is given place to the exhibition of the facts happened during the Patriotic War of 1812. As well as of the General Battle in the town of Borodino. In the “Kutusov Hut”, visitors can find details about the military council of the Russian generals, which happened in the Fili Village on September 13, 1812. This is the “Museum of the Heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia” ” Which, is dedicated to the deep traditions of Russian heroism. It is made up of collections has a long and hectic history. It is the ideal museum to know Russian history, especially 1812 in Russia.

Get to know the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino: history

If you plan to visit the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino, you should know that during the 19th century, a wooden building was built, where before it was the “Martial Council of Izba”, through which the museum was opened. This place was called “Kutuzovskaya Hut”, and it offered exhibitions about the Patriotic War of 1812, the Military Council in Fili and also about the Sovereign Prince M.I Kutuzov.

In 2006, it became a non-profit cultural institution, and included the full Cavaliers of the Order of Glory. After several years, the Moscow municipality decided to build a new building for the “Heroes of the Museum” and transfer it to the management of the “Borodino Battle” Panoramic Museum.

In front of the entrance, as it should be, there is a monument to Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, and to be precise Golenishchev-Kutuzov-Smolensky. The last prefix to his name that he received just after the war in 1812 in Russia.

The museum has many paintings about the events of the War of 1812, which provide a special interest. Here is written the life, battles and real events that happened in the history of our country.

For example, the painting of “The feat of the soldiers Raevsky of Saltanovka”, describes the moment when the French troops occupied Mogilev, blocking the way of the Second Army to join the army of Barclay de Tolly. When Bagration sent Lieutenant General Rayevsky’s 7th Infantry Corps to the city. The general personally led one of the attacks, taking with him his children, who were 10 and 16 years old, inspired by their own example of soldiers under the strong fire of the cards.

Another picture is of the Most Serene Prince Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov-Smolensky. In August of 1812 in Russia, the commander-in-chief of the Russian army, would unite all the forces to give a decisive battle, besides eliminating the friction within the structure of command between Bagration and Barclay de Tolly. The first pleaded for the active actions of the army, the second led a line of withdrawal and this time between them there were constant confrontations.

On the other hand, why did Kutuzov have the honor of leading the army? This site tells you. Kutuzov was one of the most experienced generals of the time, who participated in the wars against Turkey and in Catherine and Alexander I. In the war of the window they indicate that the yatagán was used as Turkish jenízaras arms and the Cross for the capture of Ismael , the fortress that was considered impregnable. They are on the left side of the store window. Kutuzov fought under the command of P.A. Rumyantsev and A.V. Suvorov, he was well educated. He graduated from the noble artillery engineering school and there he shows the type of tools he used to carry out his studies (it is believed that they belonged to him).

Know Russian history

There is a place called “The Little Gallery”. Here is a group of military portraits, which is located in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg.

There is a place called “The Little Gallery”. Here is a group of military portraits, which is located in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg.

The following exhibition is dedicated to the families of the troops of the Russian and French armies of the time. The soldiers of our army are shown on the left and the French on the right.

Know Russian history

The cuirassier is a mounted soldier, wearing a breastplate and a helmet with a feather, armed with a saber. The cuirassiers were the army’s shock unit, the strongest men were physically selected here.

Know Russian history

Exhibitions of the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino

How was 1812 in Russia? Here is the list of exhibitions to learn about Russian history:

• The cuirassier: a mounted soldier, wearing a breastplate and a helmet with a feather, armed with a saber. The cuirassiers were the army’s shock unit, the strongest men were physically selected here.

• The Cuirassier with armor and helmet of the Russian troops.

• The last soldier representing the artillery, armed with a sword.

• The infantry of the French army in 1812 (in the foreground).

• The cuirassier of the French army of 1812

• The artilleryman of the French army in 1812

• The weapons of soldiers of the French army.

• The genuine helmet and corset of the French soldiers.

• The Order of the Legion of Honor: it is the main award of the French army.

Finally, we return to the panorama of the Battle of Borodino. This is an image of 115 m long and 15 m high. This painting was written for the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino in 1912. The work took 11 months. The second part of the panorama is the plan of the frontal theme, organically connected with the image. In the pictures below it is even difficult to tell where there is something. Lighting in the corridor creates the effect of sunlight. It is very similar to the brilliant day this battle took place.

Know Russian history

Now we are in Borodino camp, on the left flank of the Russian army, in the village of Semenovskoe.

Know Russian history

In itself, the whole panorama is divided into 4 sectors, showing what was happening on the Borodino battlefield.

The results of the battle are ambiguous. Although Napoleon occupied the field after it, and the Russian troops withdrew to Moscow, he did not fulfill his main task, which was to destroy the Russian army. In the Borodino field, he did not win either, the losses were huge on both sides. Therefore, the war continued.

Now we leave the battle and go to the last room of the museum. Here the images mainly show the events that happened after the battle:

• The Military Council in Fili, where it was decided to leave Moscow to the French. The plot of the image was a description of the epic novel “War and Peace.”

• The army and Russian residents leaving Moscow.

• The entry of the French army in Moscow on September 14, 1812 in Russia. Napoleon on the Poklonnaya Hill waited for him to take the symbolic keys of the city. And he was very surprised when this did not happen. The image clearly shows the height of the Poklonnaya Hill at that time, and what view was opened in Moscow.

• The projection of the burning of Moscow with a sound design.

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Before the withdrawal of Russian troops, the city was burned down by order of the governor of the time.

Napoleon, while in Moscow, sent letters to Alexander I three times with a proposal for peace, but never received an answer.

Napoleon leaves Moscow. He exhausted the stocks, the local peasant population refused to give his army, destroyed the food crops, and decided to move to the Smolensk war. But the road to Kaluga was blocked by the Russian army. As a result of the battle, Napoleon was forced to retreat and move in the same way that his army attacked Moscow. That is, he was again without provisions.

The way in which Napoleon’s troops went through the Berezina River was building two bridges. Some of the troops managed to cross when the Russian soldiers appeared. Napoleon’s army began to panic, one of the bridges collapsed and the second Napoleon himself ordered to be burned. In this battle, the French army decreased by several tens of thousands of people.

Know Russian history

The last image is called “Napoleon’s return from the campaign against Russia.” It shows the state in which the old great army was returning. In the snow there was the body of a man, a chest with precious jewels that fell from him, plundered in Moscow with good, that nobody needs. Of the troops pathetic crumbs remained.

Know Russian history

According to a survey conducted by the Public Opinion Foundation in 2012, almost a third of Russians do not know who fought 1812 in Russia.


If you want to know the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino, book the tour with Us.


Visiting the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino and other places of interest can do it in the best way thanks to Free tours Russia.

The Largest Rivers in Russia

Discover the biggest rivers in Russia

Visit the largest rivers in Russia, where nature is at its best. Knowing Russia’s Largest Rivers is ideal for you; You will see the most beautiful landscapes of Russia. Excursion in Russia’s Largest Rivers with Free Russia Tours is possible.

The Russian Federation is a superpower, the largest state in the world and the geography of the country; just as if we had not studied it in school, it is still a giant hole; a thick knowledge gap for most of the citizens of our vast Homeland. Our article was created for those who want to know more about their country; as much as possible, and today for the most curious is another cognitive article. Today we will talk about the country’s waterways, the Russian Rivers that are the largest. Do you know that Russian river is the greatest of all?

Visit the Largest Rivers in Russia

Russia is one of the most stressed countries by water in the world. The country has almost the largest reserves of fresh water. The surface waters occupy 12.4% of the territory of Russia; while 84% of the surface waters are concentrated east of the Urals.

By the way, did you know that there are around 2.5 million rivers in the territory of Russia?

the largest number of these rivers is relatively small and its length is usually no more than 100 kilometers. But as for the great rivers; They are really huge and reach impressive dimensions. Therefore, let’s work together to understand it:

Excursion in the Biggest Rivers of Russia:

Ob River is the largest river in Russia

The Ob River is in Western Siberia; the longest river in Russia (5,410 km) and the second longest in Asia. This is formed in the Altai by the merging of the Biya and Katun rivers; the length of the Ob River from the confluence of 3650 km (from the source of the Irtysh 5410 km). In the north, the river empties into the Kara Sea, forming a gulf (about 800 km long), which is called the Bay of Ob.


The area of the Ob basin is 2,990,000 km. According to this indicator, the Russian river occupies the first place in Russia. The Ob is also the third river of water in Russia (after the Yenisei and Lena).

The Yenisei River is the most abundant river in Russia

Yenisei is a Russian river located in Siberia, which flows into the sea of Kara. The length of the river, from the sources of the small Yenisei is 4287 kilometers. Yenisei flows over the territory of two countries (Russia and Mongolia), its area is 2,580,000 square kilometers; which allows it to occupy the second place among the rivers of Russia. It generates 600 cubic kilometers of water per year, which flows into the Kara Sea. This is almost three times more than the flow of the Volga, and even more than all the rivers of European Russia.

Three hydroelectric plants have been built on the Yenisei River: Sayano-Shushenskaya, Krasnoyarskaya and Maynskaya.

On the left bank of the Yenisei, the plain of Western Siberia ends and on the right bank begins the taiga of the mountain. Therefore, at the top, you can see camels, and downstream the polar bears.

So far, there are legends about the origin of the word Yenisey; if it is an old Russian-style word Tunguska “ECEH”; which means big water; either from Kyrgyzstan “Ene-Say” the Mother River.

The Yenisei and other rivers of Siberia bring so much heat to the Arctic Ocean that they would cause the burning of 3 billion tons of fuel. If it were not for the rivers, the climate of the North would have been more severe.

The Lena River is a great Siberian river.

It is one of the longest rivers in the world

Rivers of Russia

Its waterway begins near Lake Baikal, makes a huge curve in the direction of Yakutsk, and then rushes north and flows into the Laptev Sea, forming an extensive delta. The length of the mighty river is 4400 km. This is the eleventh place in the world.

Its area is 2 490 000 square kilometers, which rightly makes the third largest river in Russia. It is believed that for the first time the Russians learned about this river in the seventeenth century, sending a detachment of Cossacks to look for it.

The Amur River is the main symbol of the Far East in Transbaikalia

Rivers of Russia

Crossing saws and plains, the river empties into the Okhotsk Sea. The Amur River is a river that flows in the territory of three states (Russia, Mongolia and China). The area of the basin is 1,855,000 square kilometers, and the length of the river is 2,824 kilometers. There are many points of view about the origin of the Amur name, one of which is the common basis of the Tungus-Manchu languages “love” and “damur” (a great river).

“The river of the black dragon”, called Cupid in China. According to legend, in ancient times a black dragon; who lived in the Russian river and personified good, defeated the evil white dragon that sank boats in the river, prevented people from fishing and generally attacked any living being. The winner stayed at the bottom of the river.

Along the entire border of the Amur basin, it is possible to observe a change in four physical-geographic zones: forest, steppe-forest, steppe and semi-desert. Here live about thirty different peoples and ethnic groups.

The Volga River is the main river of Russia

Rivers of Russia

The Volga is one of the largest rivers in the world and the largest in Europe.

The Volga basin occupies approximately 1/3 of the European part of Russia and flows into the territory of 11 regions and 4 republics. By the way, the length of the river is 3530 km. This is approximately from Moscow to Berlin. The area of the basin is approximately 1,361,000 square kilometers, which makes it the largest river in Europe.

The Volga is dedicated to the well-known by all, without exception, as the song of the Russians and the movie with the name of the title. The action of the works of A. Ostrovsky takes place, as a rule, in the cities of the Volga.

The Kolyma River is the largest in the Magadan region

Rivers of Russia

It is a Russian river in Yakutia, it is 2,129 kilometers long. Kolyma is formed by the merger of two rivers (Ayan-Yuryakh and Kulu) and the flows in Kolyma Bay. The area of the basin is approximately 645,000 square kilometers. The discovery of the Kolyma by the Russians was also carried out by brave Cossacks.



The Don River is the most important witness in Russian history

Rivers of Russia

According to scientists, the Russian river appeared on Earth about 23 million years ago. The river Don is one of the largest rivers in the south of the Russian plain.

Don, the river of Russia, originating from the Central High Plateau of Russia (Tula region). Its surface is 422,000 square kilometers, and its length is about 1,870 km.

The Don is one of the oldest rivers in Russia.

Ancient Greek authors give the name of the river as Tanais. Then, the confines of the Don were the habitat of the legendary Amazons. These women warriors were also found in the Russian epics; who often talk about the battles of Russian heroes with their “horsemen”.

The name of the Russian river is given by the Iranian people who once lived in the territory of the north coast of the Black Sea, in whose language the Don is a “river”.

The “Father-Don” has two younger namesakes in England, the Don River in the Scottish county of Aberdeen and the river of the same name in the English county of York.

The Khatanga River

Located in the territory of Krasnoyarsk. Its length is 1636 kilometers. Khatanga is formed at the confluence of two rivers (Heta and Kotui) and flows into the Khatanga Bay of the Laptev Sea. The area of the basin is about 364,000 square kilometers.

The first information about the Khatanga River was received by the Russians of the Tungus in about 1605.

Rivers of Russia

The Indigirka River

The name of the Russian river came from the generic name of Eveni indigir “people of the indie genre”. The Russian explorers of the seventeenth century pronounced this name as Indigirka; as well as the name of other great Russian Rivers of Siberia: Kureika, Tunguska, Kamchatka.

In Indigirka is the north pole of the cold, the village Oimyakon and the city of the monument Zashiversk, extinct of smallpox in the 19th century.

The Indigirka River flows through the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It belongs to the basin of the sea of Eastern Siberia. Indigirka begins at the junction of the Taryn-Yuryakh and Tuora-Yuryakh rivers, which flow from the Khalkan mountain range.

The area of Indigirka is 360,000 square kilometers, the length of the river is 1,726 km.

Rivers of Russia

The Severnaya Dvina River

The Northern Dvina, the White Sea basin. It flows into the Vologda and Arkhangelsk regions of Russia. The Russian river Dvina of the north is formed by the confluence of two rivers, the Sukhona and the South. It flows in a direction from south to north on the lip of Dvinskaya of the White Sea, forming a delta width. The area of the basin is 357,000 square kilometers. It was on this river that the history of Russian naval construction began. The length of the rivers in the Dvina basin is 7693 km.

A large number of settlements on the Russian river itself indicates the presence of navigation on the river. From Great Ustyug and until Severodvinsk, the water channel of the North Dvina.

Shared this, now you know what are the Rivers of Russia that are bigger and more beautiful.

If you want to visit Russian rivers, book the tour with Us.


Visit Russia’s Largest Rivers and many places of interest only with Free Tours Russia can do it. Excursion in the biggest Rivers of Russia and more with our tour services in Spanish you will enjoy it at the best price.

Museum of Political History of Russia

Museum of Political History: about politic and not only

the elegant Art Nouveau mansion of Political History Museum in Saint Petersburg

Is a museum of political history could be worth to visit? What can be interesting about the political history of Russia? Probably, you heard about the Russian Revolution, Stalin’s terror, maybe Khrushchev’s thaw? History of any country gives us a better understanding of human society and lifestyles of ordinary people. And Russia is no exception. Museum of Political History of Saint Petersburg is a very curious place. First, it is the successor to the Revolution Museum. For many years it was a place of “cultural and political education” of the Soviet people. But if you are lucky enough to visit Petersburg and this museum, then you will be surprised at the dissonance between the traditional concept of the “Soviet” and the elegant Art Nouveau mansion, where it is located. The solution lies in the history of this place

Museum history

The Museum of Political History is housed in two historic buildings: the mansions of a prima ballerina at the Mariinsky theatre Matilda​ Kshesinskaya, and baron Brandt. Matilda had Polish origin and danced in St.Petersburg  ballet. However, most of all she was famous for her relationship with the imperial family. But rather with the last emperor and grand dukes. If you are interested in the stories of relations between Russian emperors and their favorites then you should look up our excursions on our website FreeTour Russia Saint Petersburg

In 1917 the building was occupied by the Bolsheviks and became their headquarters in the city. After arriving in the city, Lenin delivered a historic speech on one of the balconies. By the way, we have a great tour about revolutionary events, check it out here.

In the early 1990s, the museum exposition was radically reworked to present the most complete history of the Soviet Union.

What to see in the Museum of Political History

Today Political History Museum is a very modern exhibition gallery full of technology: touch screens, projections, sounds, voices. Picking up the phone, you will hear the voice of Stalin. Moreover, the museum collection covers periods of time from Catherine the Great to Mikhail Gorbachev. The exhibits of the museum number almost 500,000. In fact, it is so big that has two guided routes. The highlight could be Lenin’s study. It stays without any change since Soviet time.

Political history museum location


Address: Kuibyshev Street, house 2-4.

Subway station: Gorkovskaya.

Hours: every day from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. except Thursdays.

Price: adults – 250 rubles, children (under 18 years old) – free

Closed for visitors on Thursday and the last Monday of every month.

Closed on the 1st, 2nd, 7th of January and 1st of May.

If you would like to know more about the history of Russia, please visit our webpage here.

Things to do in Yekaterinburg

Visit Yekaterinburg: 5 things each person must do

What to do in Yekaterinburg if you are on vacation in this great place, here we tell you. Visiting Yekaterinburg is ideal for you, come and enjoy. Getting to know Yekaterinburg is easy, thanks to Free Tours Russia who cares about you; has elaborated this article to give you some ideas of what to do.

The inhabitants of the capital of the Urals tell about their favorite and most interesting places in Yekaterinburg


What to do in Yekaterinburg
“Upside-down house” in Yekaterinburg

It is a small apartment with a child’s room, a bedroom, a living room and a garage. The only difference of the habitual residence is what in everything is literally turned upside down. The washing machine, fireplace, sofas, chairs and even the sidecar are hanging in the air and visitors move exclusively through the roof. In this house it is very interesting to have fun: watch TV with your head down, jump on the bed in the bedroom; fried the chicken in the kitchen overturned or showering upside down. Here you can take a dozen of the funny pictures, the most important thing is to choose the right posture. Excellent photos come out jumping; with hands up and on tiptoe. Also pay attention to the hairstyle, for example, make a high bun or lift the hair to make the photos more realistic.

Read moreThings to do in Yekaterinburg

The Martian landscapes near Yekaterinburg

Visit the Martian landscapes of Bogdanovich, a natural landscape full of beauty. How to get to the Martian landscapes of Bogdanovich here we explain. Excursion in the Martian landscapes of Bogdanovich with Free tour Russia will know.

One of the most beautiful and extraordinary places in the Urals that full of admiration to any photographer. The extraordinary Martian-like landscapes appeared in a mud quarry.

Read moreThe Martian landscapes near Yekaterinburg

Travel to Baikal in winter: what to visit and what to do

What to do in the Baikal in winter in Russia

Travel to Lake Baikal in winter in Russia, a feasible option to do many activities. What to do in the Baikal in winter in Russia, here we tell you. Touring the Baikal in winter in Russia, is ideal for fun during this time.

Lake Baikal is the largest lake in the world with cleaner fresh water. Few people have seen it in winter. In this cold season Baikal shows his other extraordinary face. In this article we tell you the winter history of Lake of the Lakes.

Read moreTravel to Baikal in winter: what to visit and what to do

The Museum of the Sin

The Museum of the Sin: what do you have to know about it

In Tambov there is an analogue of the famous Kunstkamera, the Museum of the Sin. Here you can find a collection of medical pathologies, collected by the pathologist of the Hospital of the Second City. Archbishop Luke Yuri Kirillovich Shchukin.

The Museum of the Sin contains more than seven hundred containers with limbs, organs and human embryos linked to alcohol. The name of the museum is not accidental. For more than 35 years of work in the morgue, Shchukin selected the remains of corpses for his unique collection, clearly illustrating the consequences of harmful human vices such as drinking and drug addiction.

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The Wolf Museum

No other Tambov brand has been as famous and recognizable as the Tambov’s wolf. At different times this expression was of different semantic colors. For the citizens themselves it is a very significant emblem. That’s why they have the Wolf Museum. In the wild, there are no specific species of “Tambov wolf”: rather, the forest predators that live in the Tambov region, are the ordinary gray wolves located in the nature of the Russian central belt.

Today, the Tambov wolf is one of the most popular souvenirs in the region: there are all kinds of toys made of wood and glass, magnets, key rings, various dishes with the symbolism of the “wolf”, various textiles and the other things. On the other hand, today the Tambov wolf is registered as a trademark for a wide range of products produced by Tambov companies, this ranges from the chocolate and ice creams to alcoholic beverages, as well as consumer goods.

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The Tambov Regional Museum of Local History

What you have to know about the Tambov Regional Museum of Local History?

One of the oldest museums in Russia, the Tambov Regional Museum of Local History, founded in 1879 to commemorate the centenary of the formation of Tambov and vice versa. It is  famous not only for its rich collection, but also for the building in which it is located, as it is the former House of the Political Illustration. This is the Tambov Regional Museum of Local History, which currently has 112,693 exhibits in its collection. It includes the rarest collection of Russian engravings of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Also a collection of decorative Chinese and Dutch vases (second half of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries) and the paleontological collection of invertebrate animals. This is just the main building of the museum, which includes four branches scattered throughout the region.

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The Catholic Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Tambov

The Catholic Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Tambov.
What do you have to know about it?

The Catholic Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross is one of the churches in Tambov, which is not only an architectural monument, but also a completely independent and lively temple, whose worshipers have been praying since the end of the 19th century. The history of this religious place Tambov returns us in 1896, when representatives of the Catholic community of Tambov (according to the census of those years there were almost 700 people, mostly Polish) decided to raise funds for the construction of their church.

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The Vernadsky House Museum

Do you want to visit Tambov? The brilliant Russian scientist, founder of the biogeochemistry of science, is one of the representatives of Russia’s cosmogony, Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky, who lived a very hard life. He was lucky to be born in Czarist Russia, and it was the peak of his career to reach the Soviet Union. He was arrested for espionage, which, of course, was not released due to the request of Karpinski and Oldenburg, which they considered restricted in leaving, finally, he returned to Russia, where he met with Smer shortly before the end of World War II . In Vladimir the legendary personality is undoubtedly worthy of respect and interest. We tell you about the Vernadsky House Museum.

To better know the history of life and the legacy of one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century can go to the village Vernadovka which is now in the territory of Pichayevsky district of the Tambov region. Here is Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky, who was visited regularly, even more than that, was on the author’s project and built the main Manor house with a garden and a pond system.

What is particularly interesting: Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky has always paid attention to the education and development of the people around him, even when they were simple peasants. For example, with its direct participation in the Vernadovki territory and around several schools that opened in Sanpunktov, the road was paved, and the population provided help.

Unfortunately, the original state of Vernadsky to date has not been preserved, in 2003, according to the documents and drawings of complete files that were here, an exact copy was built, where today is the Vernadsky House Museum, as well as the scientific and cultural center of the Noosphere (Vernadsky noosphere – supposedly new, the highest stage of the evolution of the biosphere, the formation of which is associated with the development of society that has a profound impact on the processes natural).

The Noosphere center has a lobby and three rooms (scientific information offices and a conference room for 40 people), and two more in the Vernadsky Museum (the living room and the scientist’s studio). Often conferences, exhibitions and seminars are organized. Here we continue with the improvements in the gardening area, such as the avenues of lime that have been recently established and the cascade of the ponds have been restored.

On May 5, 2011 was the first inaugurated monument of Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky.

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The Kondoidi House in Tambov

Which way of seeing Tambov is advisable? Here there are many Tambov museums. Grigoriy Vladimirovich Kondoidi was the leader of the small nobility of Tambov, State Councilor, member of the commission for the reform of local government in St. Petersburg, in a word, prominent, well-known personality and a legend in his own way. Here we tell you about the Kondoidi House in Tambov, one of the Tambov museums. It is the best way to see Tambov.

By the way, the noble Kondoidi race came to Russia from the island in Greece, Corfu in the 18th century, and since then it has faithfully served our country.

The first Russian in Kondoidi’s career can be called as the well-known Russian doctor Pavla Zaharovicha Kondoidi, who in the middle of the 18th century was organizing regular medical affairs in the army, and served Empress Elizabeth as a personal gynecologist. It was his descendant Grigori, who became an honored citizen of Tambov and the main government officials.

Kondoidi did a lot for Tambov, and in general, he had a somewhat generous personality (and in some very questionable), because for a long time without thinking gave the city some of its mansions, including a luxurious mansion on Gymnasicheskaya Street, now called Str. Communal. Manor, built in the Renaissance style, became the property of the city’s Duma and council. In the 80s of the 19th century, there was a police department. In the east and south wings, the City Bank and the women’s university were extended. In short, Don Kondoidi Tambov is used for fame. But, of course, with the advent of the Revolution, all these governments were abolished.

During the civil war in 1917-1918, resistance to the revolution was placed here, which was headed by the Mensheviks, Socialist-Revolutionaries and white officers. But on the night of January 30 to 31, 1918, the detachment of workers broke into the building, proclaimed Soviet power in the territory of the Tambov region.

Later, on the wealthy property of Kondoidi, Gubleskhoz met (1924), two years later it became a town hall, and another 2 years later, it was the district court, around the 1930s. The Party Committee and the City Hall, since 1992, worked as the Office of the Mayor of Tambov. Today, the old mansion of the nobility is a leader of the administration of the city of Tambov.

Fortunately, due to the fact that the established farm was free from the Soviet authorities, there was not much suffering to furnish the house. Therefore, at this time, the former residence of Kondoidi has preserved as well as the refined exterior decoration with a lot of small details, giving a festive aspect, and the magnificently decorated doors, and marble staircases, which leads to the second floor.

By the way, looking at this beauty can be very easy: at the Kondoidi House in Tambov it housed the machine head of the Tambov city administration, library, several committees and some control of the city administration. So during the week, you can search for business here freely.


st. Municipal, 6.

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The House of Aseeva in Tambov

Under the street, there is a fun and simple title itself, Quay is considered one of the main attractions of Tambov. In it they move is not only one of the favorites of tourists, but also of the citizens themselves, and what is especially pleasant in front of the water that continues to improve, is the constant opening of new monuments and cozy cafes. But the most curious eyes attract the intelligent, which is the renovated and famous Aseevsky Palace or The House of Aseeva in Tambov. Read more about this unique Tambov palace.

The House of Aseeva in Tambov, in fact, of course, not a palace, is actually a mansion, but it is not simple. The exterior of the building is surprising: it combines with the eclectic and capricious elements of the baroque, classicism and modernity. It was built at the end of the 19th century, the estate of the rich and industrial province of Russia, Aseeva has long been plunged into oblivion as housing of the cardiological sanatorium. It was a ruinous destination, destroyed and it seemed that it would never return to its natural state, so they decided to take the bull by the horns and show the whole of Russia since it was necessary to save its cultural heritage. Later the Aseevsky Palace was repaired, the neglected garden was “combed” and the interiors have been restored almost to their totality. Today the branch of the Museum of “Peterhof” is located in this building.

History of Aseevsky Palace

A major manufacturer and philanthropist M. V. Aseev built his farm on the outskirts of Tambov, just in front of a soft and silent surface of the river spill, with wonderful views beyond the wide river. It is not restricted to the media, the construction of the polygon was ordered in such a way that it will remain without canons. It would seem like a great opportunity to show your bad taste, but not in this case. The main house Manor is surprising in proportionality and grace of all its elements: it is light, beautiful, with asymmetrical facades and very interesting decorative solutions.

In 1908 in the territory of the Aseeva estate was not only the palace, but also a laundry service, servants of the house, stables, transport house, and even the construction of the power plant was carried out.
The main house has a surprising proportionality and grace in all its elements: it is light, beautiful, with asymmetrical facades and very interesting decorative solutions.

With the advent of the revolution, Aseeva was going in the direction of hell. His factory, was providing a cloth around 50% of the personnel of the tsarist army, nationalized. The manufacturer did not wait for the end of the division of the “bourgeois” property and sheltered all his considerable family, which consisted of his wife, two sons and five daughters, taking them first to Moscow and then abroad.

The last thing that was heard from the enterprising businessman of Czarist Russia, refers to 1921, when England became the Mikhail leader of Russian émigrés, which shows great respect for him and his popularity among all environments. Around 1985 the millionaire of Canada, who was Aseeva’s grandson, offered his own cost to restore the mansion, with only one condition, to become a museum. Why did the officials at the time say “no”? It is something unknown.

So May 6, 1918, the House of Aseeva in Tambov seized and converted into a boarding school for children of poor families. In the autumn of 1918 there was a group of “soldiers on horseback”, and later the palace of Tambova moved to the farm of the Faculty of Agronomy of the University of Tambov. Since 1931, what was once an exuberant and rich farm becomes a cardiological sanatorium.

What can you see in this Tambov palace?

Of course, special attention should be paid to the main country house that was restored, where you will find the valuable collection of the head of the Museum of “Peterhof” at present. By the way, the experts managed to retain substantially all the built-in furniture, remembering the old masters of Aseeva and restoring the strange reliefs.

The Park is the pride of Aseeva’s private estate. Here there are two-centuries-old trees, like linden trees, elms, oaks, pines, the murmur of the fountains, with languor looking at the nothingness the indifferent sculptures. In the spring, in the Aseevsky Palace the aroma of acacia and honeysuckle, in the heat of the day meets the cool shade of the crown of poplar and blue spruce.

The main survivor of the Tambov palace park is the English oak, which, according to some scientists, recently celebrated more than 215 years.

Do not forget to visit Tambov’s palace during your trip to Russia!

The Monastery of the Ascension in Tambov

What to see in Tambov? There are many Tambov monasteries but one of them is super unique. The Monastery of the Ascension in Tambov, was founded in 1690 by the Bishop of Tambov and Kozlovski, St. Pitirim, which is considered one of the most beautiful mansions of the diocese of Tambov. The monastery is located on the northern outskirts of the city at the mouth of the Alexander Hawrushka Studentsov and the rivers, and its first abbess was the sister of Bishop Pitirim, Catherine. It is one of the monasteries of Tambov that is of the diocese.

The fate of the rich Ascension Monastery in Tambovestaba burned, and then it was rebuilt, where it was kept within its walls fertile icon, and was closed for a long period during the Soviet power, which revived in the 20th century. But it all began peacefully and, as in many other Russian monasteries, the poor was gradually enlarged and rebuilt for several centuries. Initially, 18 cells of the nuns were built in its territory, this was a simple wooden hut, there was not even a church or clergy.

What to see in Tambov?

On the reform of Catherine II in 1764, the Monastery of the Ascension in Tambov received full-time status, since the sum of the contents did not reach 375 rubles.

The first stone church of the Ascension of the Lord was established a hundred years later, those of the monastery in 1791. In 1816 the first stone of the second church of the monastery was laid. Truly they were glorious days when they arrived at the monastery in the first half of the 19th century, where the nun Miropiya (Adenkova in the world) was installed. It is from his name that is associated with the exaltation of the miraculous Vyshenskii (Kazan) of the icon of the Virgin.

Nun Miropiya (Maria Ivanovna) Moscow nobleman, was born in 1766, when he gave the parents in marriage to the noble Adenkova, who blessed the generic icon of Kazan, the Mother of God. Unfortunately, the life of Maria Ivanovna’s family was short, her husband died shortly, and the rich widow decided to retire to the Moscow monastery Zachateisk Alexeyev. So she lived there, not knowing the abode of Tambov’s glory, which, if it were not for the Second World War in 1812, due to the arrival of Napoleon, all the sisters left the monastery, so they met in the route. Taking the long way there is a treasured icon of the Mother of God of Kazan, which was found by a coachman and almost became his victim. He planned to rob the nun, but he converted from the heart was converted with a prayer for the Queen of Heaven to hear the voice, “Do not fear, I am your protector.” At the same moment the coachman lost his sight, confessed between tears and asked Maria Ivanovna to pray for her healing. Of course, he felt sorry for the coachman, and after a brief prayer before the icon of the Virgin of the sight he took her to the convent.

The first stone church of the Ascension of the Lord was built a hundred years after founding the monastery, in 1791 took the veil under the name Miropiya, for 14 years lived a nun in a simple wooden cell, which is in the front corner of the lamp burned before the icon of the Mother of God of Kazan. Before his death, he thought of transferring the icon to the monastery church, which was the Virgin and was ordered to deliver the icon to Shatskaia Vyshenskii, in the desert, which was made by the sisters of the Monastery of the Ascension. The fertile icon of Vyshenskii (Kazan) and the icon of the Virgin of today are there, illuminating the path to those who suffer, bringing relief and rest to all who come to pay homage to the prayer of the heart.

All Tambov monasteries are interesting. But going back to the Voznesenka monastery, by the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century it was characterized by the flowering of time. In the monastery there were choirs and riznaya, a refuge for orphan girls (Olginskaya school), as well as a building for the cooking of holy bread, the garage and stables, barn and many other dependencies. The novices are not sitting around doing nothing: they weave cloth and canvas, black cloth for suits and cassocks, as well as the Miter that is produced for embroidery in gold and silver.

After the revolution of December 1918, the monastery fell on hard times, began to deteriorate, disintegrate, was closed, even though it gave the town hall “for its use in cultural and educational purposes.” In the 90s of the 20th century, the Monastery of the Ascension in Tambov was returned to the believers, was rebuilt little by little, clarified, put in order and even broke the flower beds. Today, the Ascension Monastery in Tambov is once again full of life, and enjoys all the pilgrims with warmth and special love.

Including in your trip to Russia monasteries of Tambov!

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The Kostroma Costume Museum

What to do if you are going to visit Kostroma? The only costume museum of the Russian theater began with a small exhibition in the lobby of the dramatic theater Kostroma by A. N. Ostrovsky. Time the Kostroma Costume Museum has saved the toilets of the pieces of the heroes of the classical repertoire. After a few years, the exhibition was given the official status of the museum and was assigned to a separate room. Now in its rooms, it has been carefully preserved for hundreds of exhibitions that are of interest to artists, designers, historians and the delight of the spectators, especially for children. When you go to visit Kostroma, visit this theater.

Even the building in which the Kostroma Costume Museum is located today is directly related to the theater. This is where his childhood passed Fedora Volkova, who received from Empress Elizabeth the title of “The First Russian Actor.” For the sake of appearances on stage, he refused to be a cabinet minister, relying on estates and serfs, and even the highest order in the state. It was established in 2008, the museum that now bears his name.

What can you see in the Kostroma Costume Museum?

Many costumes are sewn from the rare fabrics of the early 20th century, from observing the canons of fashion at the time. The characters of the clothes are decorated with gold embroidery, buttons, buckles and other accessories, only the originals. This is a material of great value for the study of the history of Russian theater. For a fee, visitors can record their own performances in a video or take a picture of Hamlet’s monologue in the form of the Snow Maiden, who wore the appropriate costume.

The richest room is called “Ostrovsky, from the 19th century”. Here is displayed not only the clothes, but also most of the landscape models of the stage of the great dramatist, on his way to the scene of Kostroma. A special place is occupied by an exhibition dedicated to the story “The Snow Maiden”. The game is almost continuously in the repertoire, changing only the landscape, technical effects and, of course, the costumes.

Even more interesting is the exhibition “The Tales of Pushkin” in the basement of the museum room. It is decorated with all the theatrical effects such as dim lighting, brick walls, the chest forged in the corner, and the king’s throne in the center. Children are constantly photographed here with images of favorite characters.

On the basis of the large collection of exhibitions, regularly hosts special exhibitions, such as “Flowers of the spirit”, speaking of the work of AP Chehova, “The Imperial Theater, Kostroma”, “The Russian costume on stage”, The camisoles and magnificent dresses received the guests in the room “All the king’s men”, and the next, in the “History of the East”, you can even rub a brass lamp with your finger to give hope to call the genius. The guides are happy to talk about the exhibits, interspersing their stories with conference actors who reveal the invisible auditorium “kitchen” of the Ostrovsky theater.

Practical information about the Kostroma Costume Museum

Address: Kostroma, ul. 10. Simanovskiy.

Hours: 11:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., weekends – Mondays and Tuesdays.

Do not forget to visit Kostroma during your trip to Russia!

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The Salgir House of Vorontsov

The Salgir House in Vorontsov is one of the main attractions of Simferopol. The building is also called the Salgir House because there is an architectural monument in the park, called Salgirka, at least in the Vorontsov Park. It is the oldest park in the city, which was founded in the 19th century. What secrets does the Vorontsov House have? We reveal them.

The building was built between 1826-1827 in Narishkin for the governor general. In 1834, the governor’s widow sold the Novorossiysk House of Governor Vorontsov.

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The Dinothere in Koktebel

What places of Crimean interest do you recommend to visit? The Dinothere in Koktebel is a place to awaken interest from afar. This bird park occupies two huge multi-faceted white spheres, at the foot of the Kara-Dag, it is not the giant of monsters’ eggs, nor a laboratory of a mad scientist. It is not only the birds but also the descendants of the dinosaurs that survived on the planet. In total, there are about 70 Dinotheres parrots, brought from three continents. In addition, there is a skeleton of a prehistoric animal, which gave its name to the park, Dinothere in Koktebel. It is one of the places of Crimean interest that you can not forget!

The legend of the latter did not appear long ago. It is said that the labyrinth is the current source that was created during the Scythian era, and the one that passed through it, would obtain wisdom and wealth (assuming spiritual purity). The Maze pattern showed that chalcedony plates are completely sunk in dust for centuries. But at the beginning of the 20th century, the German August Hertz discovered these same tablets and was defined by him, the place where he is supposed to be. Then the legend says that a German engineer came home in a hurry like a rich man, and there he studied the ancient Greek culture.

The chalcedony plates were safely lost again during World War II, but the diaries and drawings of the Hertz labyrinth were restored along with the sundial located inside the Universe.

The dinothere complex consists of three objects: the labyrinth of the great palaeontological pavilion described above and the pavilion of smaller birds. The labyrinth is full of details designed to pamper visitors to the atmosphere of ancient civilizations: cast copies of ancient coins, which can be seen in the blind branches. If you manage to “collect” ten coins, you pass the maze. The hourglass is located in the center with a fountain, which, of course, you can throw a coin and make a wish.

The central place in the paleontological pavilion is an enormous skeleton of Dinothere. Thanks to a wooden walkway, the Dinothere can be considered in detail from all sides. Other exhibitions of the pavilion show replicas of skeletons of dinosaurs, made in the workshop of the museum in the United States.

The clock of the universe is the only clock in the world with a font and two faces: with Arabic and Roman numerals. The time of day as shown in Arabic and Roman, as well as develop the fauna on the planet with the change of time.

The bird pavilion is connected to the transparent paleontological corridor. The special charm of this, is the absence of cells and networks. Parrots can move freely and can be used by sitting on the shoulders and heads of visitors. Of course, everything can be fed and touched, if they wish. Here you can see the crazy colored parrots, which are rare, even in the world of experts, such as the rainbow aru aru zelenokrylogo Macao and the chrysotile-aru Nobilis soft, Red Heads of green grass Aratinga, Rozelle and parrots singers. The danger sign at the entrance of the pavilion encourages you to look at the ground, so as not to step on a lizard. They were here, and they are in their way something no less beautiful and interesting than the birds.

Practical information

Address: Koktebel, st. Gardening, 24.

The park is easy to see from a distance, which is located on the outskirts of the city in the direction of Sudak.

Schedule: The park is open from May 1 to November 1, from 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.

Including the places of Crimean interest in your trip to Russia!

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The Stone Staircase in Taganrog

The Stone Staircase in Taganrog is a true symbol of the city, a favorite place of citizens and guests of the city. These stairs have been here for over 100 years and have always attracted people. The secret is simple, in itself, it is an interesting architectural object, and it is truly fascinating. It is not surprising that in this place people like to enjoy the sunrise, look at the ships or watch the twilight descending the city, as many famous and great natives of Taganrog did on the coast of the Azov Sea. Among them A.P. Chekhov, N.F. Shcherbina and A.L. Vishnevsky. What did Mr. Depaldo do? Read in this article.

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The Plotkin house in Taganrog

This mansion is one of the most beautiful and ancient buildings in Taganrog. Built in the early 1860s. This place is included in the list of objects of Russian cultural heritage. A beautiful decorative design of the building inspires artists. In this article we will talk about the Plotkin house in Taganrog. This is a good place to explore Russia.

After the construction of the Plotkin house in Taganrog, it belonged to the merchant, and then to Karaspasov, who was a Turkish citizen Konstantinidi. After 20 years, the building was acquired by the Rafailovic family. Immediately after the revolution, Taganrog Denikin moved to the Plotkin house, it was the head of the French military mission, and in the 1920s there was a political department and the headquarters of the special forces. In 1925 the building became an ordinary residential house. It is divided into public departments, and the building has been decrased gradually. Today the Plotkin house in Taganrog is still good, but obviously in need of repair. Let’s explore Russia with us!

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The Monastery of the Nativity in Tver

The beautiful Monastery of the Nativity in Tver is located near the bank of the Tmaka river. Today it is difficult to name a specific date of the foundation of the monastery, but the first written mention of it refers to the early 16th century. Subsequently, the ruined monastery was rebuilt, so until the beginning of the 19th century, all their buildings were made of wood. The rock monastery was rebuilt in the first half of the 19th century, and all its wonderful buildings formed a harmonious architectural complex in the classical style. It is one of the monasteries in Tver that we recommend you visit.

After the Revolution, the Monastery of the Nativity in Tver on the Tmaka River was closed and a gymnasium was later opened on the site of the cathedral. The reactivation of the monastery began in 1999. Today, the monastery complex consists of six churches, including an original one, before the revolution. However, the churches are not fully recovered, but the whole is as a whole and it looks very good now.

The restructuring of the first church of the Monastery of the Nativity in Tver was financed by Countess Chernysheva, connected later to the case of the Grand Duchess of the imperial family. Thanks to them, the main cathedral was built, but one year after its completion the church suddenly collapsed. The author of the following project had his reasons to believe in the famous Carlo Rossi. The new cathedral was consecrated in 1820. It is a large classical church with a triangular portico of the main facade, supported by four columns and five chapters on the reels with semi-circular vaults. The interior of the cathedral was decorated with wonderful paintings that are recovered so far.

The Cathedral of the Resurrection is one of the cathedrals dioceses. The church was built in 1913, for the anniversary of the reign of the imperial house, and the construction was financed by the royal family. The consecration in 1916, attended the Grand Duchess Isabel Feodorovna. The cathedral was closed in 1936, but it returned to the church in 1988. This is a beautiful neo-Russian building with three naves and a powerful central drum. One of the most precious sanctuaries of the cathedral are the relics of Sergiya Srebryanskogo.

From side to side there is a small church of the royal martyrs, held in a single architectural form of the cathedral on the river Tmaka. This new addition to the monastic complex: the church was built in 2006, but has combined organically into a single ensemble.

The door of the church of the Transfiguration was the first stone building in the Monastery complex (the monasteries in Tver). It was built in the period between 1800 to 1805. This was designed by architect Lviv. It is a small building with a compact triangular portico, above the arch there is a large flat semi-circular dome, covered with a dome with a cross.

Today the little Church of Nikolay Chudotvorets is in the most pitiful state. She stands at the edge of the monastery, away from other buildings on the side of the Lane Sands.

The Hospital of the Holy Church of the Trinity is very small and is in harmony with the architectural style of the door. It has a flat main dome with a small dome in the center. It should also be noted that the wall of the monastery has a tower to the southwest: it is not yet restored, but it looks quite picturesque. This high multi-faceted building is made with brick Zakomaras on the top. There is also a tower with an angular fence.

Do not forget to visit the monasteries in Tver during your trip to Russia.

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The Tver Regional Art Gallery

What to see in Tver? The Tver Regional Art Gallery was founded in 1866, but was later part of the museum throughout the city. The gallery of independent life began in 1937, and in 1990 it obtained its current name. In 1896 the gallery was moved to the wonderful Imperial Palace of Tver, where it remained until 1936. For the second time, the gallery of the palace was opened in 1961. To know Tver, read this article.

The Imperial Palace of Tver is a really remarkable building. It was built by Catherine II between 1760 and 1770. The architect of the project was the architect P. Nikitin, who built a large number of notable buildings of the time in Tver. Later, the palace was modified several times, and its exterior appearance was made by famous masters such as Carlo Rossi and Alexander Ryazanov. The interior of the palace is no less attractive than its appearance: D.-B. Scotty, in sculptures, P. Campioni, of elements carved by I. Bazetti. The furniture is made up of Rossi sketches.

Unfortunately, since 1917, of all the treasures, of which the imperial palace was so rich, only what is officially included in the museum’s collection is preserved. The restoration of this unique architectural monument began at the end of the 20th and 21st centuries, which has not been completed today. The museum’s collection is temporarily located in the “Don” of the business center.

The most extensive collection of the Tver Regional Art Gallery is a collection of Russian art from the 18th century to the present day. Among the artists whose works are represented are S. Shchukin, V. Tropinin, A. Venetsianov, Levitan, Korovin, I. Grabar, V. Serov, V. Byalynitsky-Birulya. It is a remarkable collection of portraits, religious theme paintings, allegorical works and sculptures of this type of 20th century masters such as Mukhina, I. Frikh-Har, S. Konenkov, O. Komov I T. N.

It generates interest a selection of religious art exhibited in the museum. Here you can see the icons of the school of Tver between ages 14 to 16, as well as the exceptional paintings of ages 15 to 16. In addition to paintings, in the cult collection there are objects made of wood, copper, and so on .

Also interesting is the collection of works by painters and sculptors from Western Europe. The first works date from the 16th century. Among the names of the authors are C. De Bri, F. Battaloli, Hovarts A., A. Magnasco, K.-ZH. Vernet.

The gallery regularly hosts exhibitions of the works of contemporary artists. It is the best option to know modern Tver.

The collection of arts and crafts can be left for the end. They offer national and European dishes as well as eating utensils, furniture, jewelery, glass, textiles, and so on. The pearl of this part of the collection can be considered as a collection of porcelain objects. The products make this the largest collection in Russia.

In the Regional Art Gallery of Tver has several branches, which are also noteworthy, although they are not in Tver. First of all, there is Domotkanovo’s house where the museum functions as Valentina Serova. Second, the Vladimir Serov museum in the town of Emmaus. They are the most important museums to see in Tver.

Do not forget to know Tver during your trip to Russia. The Regional Art Gallery of Tver is the answer to the question of what to see in Tver.


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Mount Elbrus

Each one of us who like mount climbing always dreams about the majestic two-headed Elbrus. Mount Elbrus is the highest pick of the Russian Caucasus in Europe. It is the highest mountain range of the lateral ridge of the Caucasus Mountains. Geologists have determined that Elbrus is the cone of an extinct volcano. Its western top reaches a height of 5642 m, and the eastern part of 5621 m, which are separated by a deep saddle, which is also is 5325 m.
The highest part of the Elbrus is always covered with a thin layer of ice that descends on different sides.

How to climb to Elbrus

The first stop can be on the high of 4700 meters, where is located The”Rocks of Pastukhov” a Russian military topographical center. Above these rocks, there is an ice field. The next one on the height of 5,000 m, the “oblique platform”, as it called between the climbers. This old route is access to any of the upper parts of the Elbrus. From there, you need to climb 300 meters more to the pick of the mount.

On the north side, the infrastructure is underdeveloped. There are only a few huts for climbers here, which are used by tourists and employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.

Remember, that on such high people suffer from altitude sickness. The symptoms usually include headaches, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and others. It is normally recommended to climb slaw with several stops and take rest anytime you can.


If you are not a climber but still want to see closer magnificent mountains, you can visit the slope of Mount Cheget, which is well equipped with cable cars and chairlifts. There are different difficulty trails for everyone, from beginners to advanced. This place has cafes and restaurants, but the most attractive is, of course, a wonderful view of the two-headed Elbrus.

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The Snake Mountain

The height of the Snake Mountain is almost one kilometer (to be more precise, it is 994 m), it is a natural monument and one of the most interesting natural attractions of the Mineral Waters. The name of the mountain comes from “Tau Zhlak”, which in Turkish is “Snake Mountain”. The mountain was so named because its slopes were dissected by gullies, narrow and tortuous ditches, which are shaped from a distance, similar to crawling snakes. Today, the mountain has no such ravines, and all because of the fact that there are minerals extracted, and the mountain slopes are covered with pits and sinkholes. It’s a typical destination for exploring southern Russia.

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The Argun Gorge

Do you want to visit the Caucasus? The cradle of Nakh, located on the edge of ancient watchtowers and incredible pristine nature, all this is the picturesque Argun Gorge. Today an ultra-modern ski resort has been erected in Veduchi and here is Chechnya’s calling card, the famous Ushkaloyskie twin towers. It stretches about 120 km from Khevsuretia towards the Black Mountains, the 600 m long gorge that stores a historical, cultural, archaeological and architectural natural environment. In short, it is a place of worship and to attend is mandatory. In this article we tell you about the Argun Gorge, the best place to visit in the Caucasus.

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The Holy Monastery of the Assumption of Alanian

Alanian in ancient times was one of the centers of Christianity in the Caucasus. There were once many Orthodox churches and monasteries. In the high mountains of Ossetia, the monks prayed, performed feats of faith, and in case of danger protected them from the enemies. Today, many of them have been restored. One of these monasteries is the Holy Monastery of the Assumption in Alanian, which appeared in the year 2000. From the high steep mountains, you can see the monastery, which was built in the classical Byzantine style, it is hard to imagine that the monastery is not more than two decades old, it seems that it has been here forever, and it was located in the middle of the mountains, under its stone walls is the unleashed and strong Fiagdon River. During its existence, the monastery was one of the main spiritual centers not only in Ossetia, but in all of southern Russia.

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The Chamber theatre of Yaroslavl

How is the cultural life in Yaroslavl? There are many theaters in Yaroslavl but the most impressive is The Chamber theater. The theatre has an incredible atmosphere. Today it is the only private theater in Russia with permanent staff members. The theater holds its own festival. Between the participants, there are well-known theaters from Moscow and other big cities.

The Chamber theatre It is designed only for a hundred seats and tickets usually sold out quickly.


It all started with Yuriy Vaksman, an actor of the theater of youth in Yaroslavl at that time. He decided to start his business and opened café “The Actor”. Soon the place became very famous. continuing to work in the restaurant business, he did not forget about his dream to open his theater. That was in 1999. Together with his colleague Vladimir Vorontsov, they decided that the two actors assemble a play by the American playwright Peter Soweto. Now it is one of the most famous and popular plays in the theatre.

All the performances are unique or written specifically for The Chamber Theater. The most popular among the public was the play “The representation of the tragedy of S. A. Pushkina” Mozart and Salieri “in the poor stage of the late twentieth century”. This story is about two actors that have been performed for many years in a provincial theater of the same piece of “Mozart and Salieri” by Pushkin. It shows the eternal problem of genius and villainy at the level of contemporary realities.

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St John the Baptist Cathedral of Yaroslavl

St John the Baptist Cathedral in Yaroslavl is located in the ancient land of Yaroslavl. It was built in 1658 as a wooden church but was destroyed in a fire in 1672. The stone church was erected late of XVII and became a sample of Yaroslavl school.

The church has fifteen onion-shape domes. The walls are covered with tiles. The asymmetry creates a picturesque archdeacon chapel from the northeast side.

The interior walls of the church were painted in 1693 by local painters. The frescoes suffered a lot in the restoration process, but some managed to save.

In the main church chapel, there is an icon of Merciful Savior. A legend tells that it used to be a fresco in the Podzelenskoy Yaroslavl tower of the Kremlin. It was demolished by Catherine the Great, and then the icon miraculously moved to the chapel.

After the Revolution, the cathedral was seriously damaged by the bombings. Since 1939 it served as a warehouse for recyclable materials. The restoration began in 1980 with returning the golden crosses of the dome. Since mid-2003, the service in St John the Baptist Cathedral of Yaroslavl has resumed.

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Stoletovs Brothers’ House Museum

The Stoletovs Brothers’ House Museum is part of the Vladimir-Suzdal Museum-Reserve. It was opened on 28 May 1976 in the old 19th century wing, which is located next to a large two-storey mansion in Stoletovs, on the wooden embankments. Today, this small wooden house has become a real jewel of Vladimir, reminding residents and visitors about the characteristics of the urban development of the last centuries. The street where the museum is located is now also called Stoletovs. What attracts Vladimir’s famous merchants? Stoletovs is a family that belonged to a lineage of merchants, relocated from the freedom-loving Novgorod to Vladimir in the time of Ivan the Terrible. True glory brought the family the brothers Nicholas, Alexander and Dmitri Stoletovs. Both Dmitry and Nicholas became famous in the military field during the Russian-Turkish wars, reaching the rank of generals. Alexander was fond of physics and studied the photoelectric effect, which formed the basis of quantum and electron theories.

Today the Stoletovs Brothers’ House Museum has become a real jewel of Vladimir, reminding residents and visitors about the characteristics of the urban development of the last centuries.

The last century saw the creation of the first photoreceptors, which were widely used in cinema, television and automation. Thanks to Vladimir’s physics work, he made modern discoveries possible: electron microscopes, X-ray machines, fluorescent lighting. Without solar panels on satellites and space stations, space exploration could not have been imagined.

The exhibition of the house museum

If you barely have time to cross the threshold of the Stoletovs Museum, you may wonder how the interiors were carefully recreated in the last century. Striking and preserved in all areas of the museum’s atmosphere from a bygone era. The room is decorated with family portraits, photos of family members and close friends. Almost all the furniture in the room: a wall clock, a piano and original paintings. In the following family history the atmosphere continues in the everyday, you can see an old shelf (some of them have autographs), table, marked by the letters, including Timiryazeva by Tsiolkovsky, Helmholtz, Kovalevskaya, Kundt.

Among the many articles of daily use, showing a typical way of life of a family of merchants in those years, you can find unique devices of the Physics Laboratory, established by A. G. Stoletovym. The exhibitions devoted to scientific and educational activities Aleksandra Stoletova, housed in two large rooms. Here you can see the diplomas and prizes awarded to him for his services to home economics.

Familiarity with the museum will be of interest not only to specialists and those interested in the life of the great physicist, but also to ordinary tourists and even children.

Museum “The city of the Province of Kostroma”

“The city of the Province of Kostroma” is the new museum in Kostroma, designed by people who love their city and its history is remembered. Here visitors can meet this Kostroma merchant, to immerse themselves in the atmosphere of a provincial town, and see his fame throughout the country from the Kostroma Shopping Gallery. Don’t forget to visit the Kostroma Museum during your trip here.

To date, Kostroma is perhaps the only complex in Russia, which, firstly, has maintained a number of historic stone buildings, and secondly, still fulfils its intended purpose; here are the pavilions of the existing commercial buildings.

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The Museum of Military Glory in Yaroslavl

The Museum of Military Glory in Yaroslavl was opened in 1981. The initiative of the creation of this military museum in Russia submitted several well-known veterans of the infantry division, who participated in the defence of Moscow by the Great Patriotic War. However, the exhibition is dedicated not only to the Second World War (that is why it is so striking) but also covers all the great conflicts that shook Russia during its existence. The abundance of equipment and weapons is the main advantage of the museum, and is appreciated, especially by children, as they are found all over the place. It is ideal for learning about Russian military history.

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The Epiphany Church in Yaroslavl


Everyone who enters the center of Yaroslavl on the Moscow road meets at the Epiphany Church in Yaroslavl, which is located immediately after crossing the small river Kotorosl, which is an elegant and visible red brick temple. As you know, in Russia churches have always chosen the most beautiful place, here the panorama of the landscape immediately attracts attention. In photos from 100 years ago, the swan princess floats on the river among the dwarf houses of Townsmen. Now they have become taller houses, but the church has not lost its beauty and uniqueness. You can’t miss this tour in Yaroslavl.

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The Chicherin House-Museum


The Chicherin Museum-House was a distinguished diplomat and talented statesman, which opened not long ago in 1987. The building, which occupies the museum, is an old wooden country house belonging to the Chicherin family. There are only 9 rooms, around several outbuildings, but the overall impression of a miniature house is very pleasant and welcoming. It is located in Tambov.

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The Jubilee Park in Yaroslavl


What to see in Yaroslavl? The Jubilee Park in Yaroslavl is considered the favorite place of recreation for the residents of Leninsky district. In winter, you will find in the ski park, athletes taking a walk with children of young mothers. In spring its alleys and courtyards are filled with families with children, young people and pensioners, who come here to enjoy the fresh air and socialize in a pleasant atmosphere. But Jubilee Park is not just a contemplative outdoor recreation. Throughout the year there are several organized festivals, sports events, concerts and theme meetings. The favorite park in Yaroslavl celebrates New Year’s Day in a winter of large escorts, pays homage to the soldiers on Victory Day, also Fun in the City Day, among others. Jubilee Park is a center of formal and informal cultural life in the region. This place is ideal to visit during the one-day tour of Yaroslavl. If you do not know what to see in Yaroslavl, visit this park.

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The “Music and Time” Museum in Yaroslavl


The folk museum “Music and Time” was established in the early 1990s by John Mostoslavskim who is a hereditary illusionist, magician and actor, as well as an avid collector of ancient ornaments. The collection that can be seen today in the Mostoslavsky Museum was collected during his lifetime. It was a boy from Mostoslavsky who started collecting the bells and later became the base of the museum in Yaroslavl. Today, besides a myriad of the strangest bells, a variety of old things can be seen here, such as clocks, musical instruments, phonographs and gramophones.

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Einstein’s Entertaining Sciences Museum in Yaroslavl


Which museums in Yaroslavl are worth visiting? The Einstein Museum of Science and Entertainment in Yaroslavl has a lot to give because it is the Russian interactive museum! The museum comes with an unusual motto “the highest level of scientific research play”, which, opened in October 2013 as a traditional museum, where exhibits are carefully preserved by visitors and hidden behind the glass windows of exhibition stands. Not only is it possible, but you need to touch, turn, and twist any mechanism, trying to understand how they work. It is this interactivity and accessibility that awakens interest in science and makes the younger generation interested in learning. These museums had already opened in Vologda, Voronezh, Volgograd, Krasnodar, Stavropol, and now in the world of museum science entertainment invites them to Yaroslavl.

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St. Cyril Monastery in Yaroslavl


St. Cyril’s Monastery is one of the most valuable and brilliant places in Yaroslavl. The stone building from the end of the 17th century miraculously survived until our days, although more than once it has been on the verge of oblivion. Fortunately, it is part of a large number of Yaroslavl’s monuments, which have not been left behind in the course of history and so the only Orthodox monk’s monastery in the city has been successfully defended and preserved. Although the monastery is being restored, to familiarize yourself with it, you can see in the churches how regular worship is conducted, and how the monastic body is filled with novices again.

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Ilyinsko Tikhon Church in Yaroslavl


According to the legend, 1000 years ago in this place, the wise Prince Rostov Yaroslav conquered a bear and ordered the construction of a temple in honor of the prophet Elijah. Whether other people liked the idea or not, the church was built. For almost 1,000 years, its appearance was changed several times. At first it was made of wood, and then of stone. And it was only in Soviet times that it changed its vocation. It’s a magnificent building in the classical style that impressed the minds of the citizens of those years. It vaguely resembled the pantheons of Paris and Rome. But even modern, sophisticated man does not remain indifferent to its majestic beauty. Now we tell you about Ilyinsko Tikhon Church in Yaroslavl, one of the churches in Yaroslavl. This church is a good destination for pilgrimage in Russia.

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The Yaroslavl Zoo


Several years ago, the Mayor of Yaroslavl, Victor Volonchuasu, came up with the idea of creating a Yaroslavl zoo in a way that is totally unique for our country. It was opened in late summer 2008 to celebrate the 1000th day of the city’s birth. The Yaroslavl Zoo was built near Smolensk in the Zavolzhsky district. At the opening, its total area was 67 hectares, and now it exceeds approximately 120 hectares. In these huge areas live more than 1600 animals of 250 different species (including the animals of Russia).

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Ponizovkina Castle fence in Yaroslavl


There are dozens of mysteries and legends associated with this place. The mysterious appearance of the luxury castle in the European village of Guzitsyno in Russia cannot fail to be part of Russia’s heritage. In fact, when you look at it, there is a feeling that you are not 30 km away from Yaroslavl, or on the outskirts of French territory, or in the German or Spanish capital. In fact, it’s an eclectic mix of styles that suggests that the creator of this creation clearly wanted to make it to impress someone. The grandiosity and diversity is evident not only in the exterior design of the castle. Inside, no less interesting is the Egyptian-style lounge, the individual decoration of each room and a staircase with elements made of precious metals. Unfortunately, we will never see it as it was made by its creator. Now we tell you about Ponizovkina Castle, one of the most beautiful castles in Russia.

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The Fedora Volkova Drama Theatre in Yaroslavl


The Fedora Volkova Drama Theatre of Russia in Yaroslavl has the current name of the Fedora Volkov, which, we have reason to believe, is the first professional theatre in the country. It was founded in 1750 by the son of the merchant F. Volkov. At that time, the theater had a group of amateurs, playing with their performances in the old barn. However, Fedor Volkov’s success in creating the theatre in professional Yaroslavl was so remarkable that even Empress Elisabeth invited him to St. Petersburg for similar work. Already in the 19th century the theatre in Yaroslavl was one of the best in the country.

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The Monastery of the Transfiguration in Yaroslavl


What to see in Yaroslavl?

What to see in Yaroslavl? Surely you have read in school, the word “Lay”, so this monument of ancient literature was found only in the Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration in Yaroslavl. This monastery is well known, since it was founded in the 12th century. In fact, Yaroslavl in Kremlin, is surrounded by a wall and is located in the center of the city. It is one of Yaroslavl’s monasteries that must be seen.

In the 18th century, the Monastery of the Transfiguration in Yaroslavl, was found in its library the only surviving copy of the “Lay”.

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The “Kazan” Women’s Monastery in Yaroslavl


The “Kazan” Women’s Monastery is an architectural and spiritual treasure of the Golden Ring of Russia. This action is a 17th century dwelling, which, consists of four temples and a wooden bell tower, filled with bright bells of the District. Thousands of tourists come here to worship the miraculous image of Our Lady of Kazan, where you can visit and buy souvenirs. Several times during the year, the faithful go in procession to the nearby villages, and holidays are held for all the people. According to the opinion of pilgrims, it is a place of grace and erases any spiritual burden, there is a pleasure to admire the splendor of the monastery churches in Yaroslavl and the cathedrals. Walking in a small but well-kept territory is a pleasure and at the same time you can explore the local planetarium as it has an observatory and a cognitive entertainment complex.

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The Kettle Museum in Pereslavl


If you go along Podgornaya Street it will lead you to Pedro I’s boat, which is 700 meters away, and on the right side you will see a bright blue wooden cabin with a colorful fence. This Kettle Museum is a (small) glass of water and one of the most popular private museums in Pereslavl. This unique museum in Russia was founded in 2003 by entrepreneurs Andreem Vorobevym and Dmitriem Nikishkinym. By the way, a year before, Andrei Vorobyov opened the well-known Iron Museum . Simply by being close to the museum and without going inside, you can see what is to come will be something unusual. Around the house, apart from plaques there are humorous inscriptions: “Here live the boilers”, “Kipim happiness”, “Peter I Street, house number 17”, “The museum of steam locomotives at 15 km”, “The place of the dummies”. Collections of effervescent and creative slogans can still be seen in the room.

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The Yaroslavl History Museum


The Volga embankment in Yaroslavl is rich in museums, these treasures keep the memory of the past alive. One of them was the Yaroslavl Municipal History Museum, which opened on the initiative of the then Mayor VV Volonchunas. For the exhibitions, the old two-storey mansion of an honorary citizen of Yaroslavl, trader V. Ya, was assigned. Kuznetsova, which was built at the end of the 19th century. It took about a year for the restoration of the facade and the interior, as a result of which a new Yaroslavl History Museum was born and opened to the public in May 1998. The museum pieces took their places in the historical interiors. Incredibly and harmoniously you can see the millennial history of Yaroslavl, embodied in the collected artifacts, among the ancient walls, the wide stairs and the bright stuccoed state rooms.

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The Adzhimushkajsky quarry in Kerch


It is worth noting that a visit to the Museum of the History of Defence of the Adzhimushkajsky Quarry (Kerch, Crimea) will bring you pleasure in a non-traditional sense. But for that, it is essential to prepare yourself psychologically before the inspection of this monument. Even though the route left behind by the tour is quite heavy, visiting it is a must. The “Adzhimushkajsky” quarry is not simply a memorial museum, it is rather an attempt to perpetuate the memory of the heroes of the war years and to preserve in the hearts of the descendants, the memories of their deeds.

As a result of Operation “Bustard Hunt” in May 1942, German forces broke through the defense of the Kerchensky Peninsula, Crimea, with great speed. Only a part of the Soviet troops managed to evacuate, the rest were isolated and forced to defend themselves in the quarries of Аджимушкайских where they were joined by the local population. Everything in the quarry had been taken over completely by the Germans, who had been able to fortify their position by laying barbed wire, managing to secure all entrances and possible exits and contaminating the water supplies with toxic substances making consumption impossible. The people, despite their desperate need for water, food, medicine and all the difficulties that could be presented, continued to raid and try to counteract with what they could.

The defence continued for 170 days. On October 30, 1942, the Germans succeeded in capturing the quarries and the remaining fighting captives. Of the more than 13,000 people defending the quarry, only 48 were still alive. One year later the Soviet army was able to liberate the district, along with the Adzhimushkajsky Quarry. In fact, the German army’s siege of Adzhimushkajsky was desperate and despite trying, they could not maintain the victory, thus only helping to prolong the battle and maintain the momentum of the German army for a while.

The Adzhimushkajsky Quarry in Kerch (Crimea) a tour of it

After numerous search operations and as a result of which great discoveries were made, a memorial museum was founded in Kerch in memory of those who participated in the events. In May 1967, the Museum of the History of Defense of the Adzhimushkajsky Stone Quarry was opened, and in 1982, the Heroes’ Monument. Today it is one of the most popular and visited places thanks to its cultural and historical richness.

A tour lasts just over an hour and includes several exhibitions. Tourists learn about the places where the water was obtained, at газоубежище they will see the shelter, where people were hiding from the gas of the attacks, in the operation they explored the conditions in which the injured were assisted. In addition, visitors will see the barracks, the kitchen field and the garrison headquarters. The total length of the route is 400 m.

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The 10 most beautiful villages in Russia


The 10 most Beautiful Villages in Russia

How is the Russian village? For a long time Russian villages were unjustifiably forgotten. Many of them were abandoned and disappeared from the territory of Russia. In 2014 the special association was created. Its aim was to find the most beautiful villages in Russia. This association held a competition to choose the most interesting Russian camp.

In order to participate in the contest you should meet several criteria.

And no doubt in Russia you can find more than 10 peoples, but then it would be an eternal list.

We would like to draw your attention to 10 villages which can certainly be called the most beautiful villages of Russia.

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Places to visit in Moscow


Moscow, the capital of the Russian Federation and the country’s largest city. It was founded in 1147. The population of Moscow in 2015 equals 12,197,596 people. It is not only the most populous city in Russia, but also in all of Europe. In addition, Moscow is one of the 10 most densely populated cities in the world.

Historically, Moscow has been the most important city in the principality of Moscow first, in the Kingdom of Russia, then in the Russian Empire (1728-1730), the Soviet Union, and finally the Russian Federation.

Below are the main attractions of Moscow with a photo and description:

1. Red Square.
Plaza Roja moscu

Red Square – the permanent tourist area. It has a rich history. In 1941, during the defense of Moscow, the brave men who went to the front left from here. In 1945, it is on Red Square, the first time in the history of the victory parade.

St. Basil’s Cathedral is famous for the legend that Tsar Ivan the Terrible ordered to blind the architects of the cathedral, so that they would never be able to recreate his creation again.

Place of skulls or scaffold – it is a platform, which always read the laws and announced the decrees of the king.

Mausoleum of Lenin, where are the remains of Lenin and the GUM the biggest store of the whole country. The Kremlin can be reached directly from Red Square, if you go through Alexander’s garden.

Near the subway stations – “Okhotny Ryad” and “. Revolution Square”.

2. The Moscow Kremlin.

Kremlin de Moscu

Kremlin – is well known, and perhaps the main attraction of Moscow. The story that takes it to the 15th century. Its shape – irregular triangle.

The main entrance – the Spassky Gate, which is located right in front of the St. Basil’s Cathedral. Southwest of the Kremlin – is Borovitsky gate through which Napoleon entered Moscow in 1812. In the West, there are two Trotsky gates, and in the north – Nikolsky Gate.

Kremlin – there are ancient temples and palaces and the government sector. Among the oldest buildings of the Kremlin you can list the Cathedral of the Assumption.

With regard to places of worship, then a special place can be given to the Assumption, Archangel and Cathedral of the Annunciation.

Address of the Moscow Kremlin: Red Square, metro stations “Teatralnaya”, “Alexander Garden”, “Borovitskaya”, “Library. Lenin”, “Revolution Square”, “Okhotny Ryad” and “Arbat”.

3. Old Arbat.

arbat viejo Moscu


At first, the Arbat was an area of the Kremlin and the ring road. At the site of the present Arbat then it was still a forest and a stream. The first mention of the street – 1493. In the 17th century it became a commercial street, and at the end of the 19th century it became a noisy and bustling business center. Today, Arbat – is one of the favorite places not only for Muscovites, but also for tourists who like to walk and relax here.

On the Arbat Street you can visit Mikhail Lermontov’s house-museum, Alexander Pushkin’s museum-apartment, Marina Tsvietáieva’s house-museum.

This is the street where famous people lived in Moscow.

Address: “Arbat” and “Smolenskaya” metro stations.

4. The Bolshoi Theatre (Grand Theatre).

Teatro bolshoi moscu

Bolshoi Theatre – is the main theatre not only in Moscow but also in the whole country. More recently, it underwent a reconstruction, which lasted 6 years. Bolshoi Theatre is the pride of Moscow, the level of quality performances and ballet is formidable.

Its history dates back to 1776. The first building of the Bolshoi Theatre was burned down. The new building, which is now in operation, was built in 1856. Every year of its existence over a century and a half, the theatre has been constantly reconstructed. After the last renovation, there is a new space for performances. Now, in the Bolshoi Theatre there are 3 official buildings, three places for the artists and the shows.

Address:. Teatralnaya pl, 1, subway station “Okhotny Ryad” and “teatral”.

5. Tretyakov Gallery.

Galería Tretiakov

Tretyakov Gallery – is one of the biggest and most famous museums in Moscow. It contains the largest collection of Russian art. The title of its gallery is in honor of Pavel Tretyakov, a Moscow merchant and industrialist. He is the creator of the museum. In 1851, the family bought a house on Lavrushinsky Lane, and after five years Tretyakov bought the first painting, and started the collection. In 1892 the collection gathered in Moscow was presented. The result of this was that the Tretyakov Gallery was the first public museum in Russia.

The building of the house all these years has been rebuilt several times, and the modern facade was created in 1900-1905. On the right in 1930 by architect Schusovym designed and built an additional room, while on the left was built the Corps of Engineers.
The gallery contains works by famous Russian painters such as Theophanes the Greek, Andrei Rublev. The most famous artists: Roars, Bryullov, Repin, Surikov, Shishkin, Vasnetsov, Levitan, Vrubel, Serov, and many others.

A distinctive feature of Moscow is a rich variety of attractions that will be enjoyed by any tourist, without exception. On the other hand, many even get confused at first when choosing, and don’t even know immediately what to choose to visit.
As a rule, the number of days in most of the tours to Moscow does not allow to see all the available objects and interesting places. The best option – to choose individual attractions, but to examine carefully and in detail, instead of trying to visit briefly more places, but in the end, it is really worth seeing as much as possible in Moscow.

What to visit in St. Petersburg?


St. Petersburg is a city of federal importance in the Russian Federation, the administrative center of the Northwest Federal District.
It is located in the northwest of the Russian Federation at the mouth of the Neva River and the coast of the Gulf of Finland.

May 16, 1703 Peter I founded the city. From 1712 to 1918 it was the capital of the Russian state.
In St. Petersburg, it was the beginning of the revolution and approximately 900 days the city was besieged during World War II by the Germans. As a result, 1.5 million people died of hunger. Since 1965, St. Petersburg has been called the hero city, to honor the people who lost their lives and the heroes who survived.
The city has 5,191,690 people. It is the northernmost city in the world, with a population of over 1 million people.
St. Petersburg is one of the important economic, scientific and cultural centers of Russia.

What to visit in St. Petersburg is a frequent question, because you can visit a lot of places. In this list we focus on the less visited but also culturally valuable places, i.e. the less touristy places in St. Petersburg.

1. The Mosaic Courtyard

Mosaico en el patio

Among the city’s darkest courtyards is a small mosaic courtyard, which is a monumental painting of the Academy of Arts. Here you can go with your children in St. Petersburg, it will certainly be worth visiting.

It is a small courtyard in Tchaikovsky Street, which is hidden from passers-by. The courtyard is not on the list of standard city guides, probably because in St. Petersburg they are not very fond of this area of the rainbow.

Mosaic Courtyard is a creative laboratory of Vladimir Lubenko. Creator of a small Academy of the Arts. Lubenko together with customers has created a regular courtyard in the spirit of fairy tales. They gave the northern capital a lot of color, a place where anyone will be happy to spend their time.

The courtyard is decorated with a mosaic of different colored glass, on different benches, curbs and small sculptures where they started playing with new colors. Many of those who have been here for the first time, unintentionally started to remember Antonio Gaudi, who is one of the extraordinary architects of the 20th century. A majority think that he looks like the famous brush of the Austrian Friedrich Hundertwasser.

Most of the objects that fill the courtyard are presented from a variety of stories, but you can often find figures of lions, angels and men.

Lubenko with his team, did not want to stop this stage, there are still a lot of improvement plans for St. Petersburg. There are many more places he wants to change beyond recognition, you should add a little color to any attention being paid to them by passersby.

This mosaic courtyard is an act of goodwill, in other words, a burst of pure art.

The courtyard is located at ul. Tchaikovsky, d. 2.

2. Baba Yaga’s Hut.


The miracles around us: the house next door can often be a fairy tale character from the old Russian fairy tales.

What to visit in St. Petersburg? Visit the village of Ulyanovka, which is 40 km away from the city. In 2007, one of the residents, Vasily Kozin, bought the land a garbage dump, cleaned it up and started to embody the dream – the construction of Baba Yaga’s house.

For the construction of Kozin’s hut he prepared himself thoroughly – reading and studying picture books of Russian folk tales, was his daily constant, guides concerning the installation of wooden huts, visited the museum of wooden architecture, which is located in Nizhny Novgorod. The master has taken into account all the parameters of the design and construction of the house of magic. Baba Yaga House made of logs, is a real fairytale house. Inside there is a large room, and to enter the fabulous house there is an easy staircase.

Baba Yaga’s cabin is very popular with tourists who spend the whole morning with the children. The teacher wants to organize a fantasy world. To do this, he wants to carry out figure Kota, Goblin, and Baba Yaga, in a farmhouse converted into a castle with a snake roof. Myths in Russian tales.
The wooden house is located in the village of Ulyanovka.

3. The St. Petersburg Planetarium

El Planetario de San Petersburgo

What to do in St. Petersburg, what to know? Of course the planetarium! Since 1959, the former sports and circus complex became a planetarium after its reconstruction.
A room with an optomechanical device “The Planetarium”. The great dome in which you can observe astronomical phenomena. A room called “Cosmic Voyage” invites everyone to make their dreams come true. In the “Planetarium” room you can see our beautiful planet, changing a variety of time zones and centuries in a matter of minutes.
Here, in the laboratories we perform in front of the visitors a series of interesting experiments and show things that seem quite unreal. Exciting experiences associated with mechanics, optics, electricity.
These modern telescopes can see celestial bodies with the naked eye using multiple magnification on the instrument.
The entire educational program is very diverse. All interested people can participate in scientific conferences, various workshops and visit the exhibition.

The Planetarium is located at: Alexander Park, 4.

4. The “Water Universe” Museum

Museo El Universo de Agua

This museum complex is the place to go for a walk in St. Petersburg. You can see it from afar, as it is located in an old water tower and room tank.

The museum is a modern, high-tech facility. It consists of 3 parts. The exhibition “Water from the World of St. Petersburg” is located inside the water tower. Here you can see rare and interesting things. In the annex, which is located in the water tower on the left, you can see a multimedia exhibition, called “The St. Petersburg Underworld”. The building is an old underground tank is where you can get information about drinking water.

On weekdays it is held, a multimedia exhibition of works only for tourist groups, but the weekend is worth a look on your own.

The exhibition is located at ul. D.56 Shpalernaya.

5. St. Petersburg in miniature

San Petersburgo en miniatura

You can imagine yourself as Gulliver, who made trips to interesting and magical places, like St. Petersburg, and admiring the architectural buildings of the miniature city, a place where you can see the whole city in just a few hours.

It’s easy to do, even to fantasize about being this fairytale character. In clear weather you can visit the Alexander Park and admire the architectural and informative tourist centre “The Miniature City”.

The opening was on June 5, 2011. As a result, this wonderful corner of the park became your “pearl. The center is occupied by a group of sculptors, consisting of miniature monuments of St. Petersburg.

The author’s idea is the creation in miniature of: the Admiralty, with rostral columns Stock Exchange, St. Isaac’s Cathedral. You can also see the Peter and Paul Fortress. One of the main places occupied by a small copy of monuments Barclay de Tolly and Kutuzov, Pushkin and Peter I.

Above all beauty dominated by the figure of St. Peter, who is the patron saint of St. Petersburg, and holds in his hands a bunch of keys to the city.

These miniatures are located in the Alexander Park.

6. “The Woodland Embassy” – Zoo

La embajada del Bosque - zoológico

What to visit in St. Petersburg with the childrens? Of course, at the “Forest Embassy”, which is a unique project with a petting zoo for the whole Russian Federation. It even has a set of laws, mission and its own constitution. Today, the Embassy has branches in St. Petersburg, Ufa, Moscow and Novosibirsk.

In 2014 in November the St. Petersburg office “Forest Embassy” was opened in the shopping center “Monpase” on the third floor. It is the home of kangaroos, raccoons, deer, porcupines, meerkats, guinea pigs, rabbits, foxes, goats, parrots and African hedgehogs. They are captive but well cared for animals and their relatives who live with humans for a long time and are perfectly safe.

For these “Embassy of the Forest” zoos, the open design of the enclosures is very characteristic, allowing everyone to come into contact with the animals. Here all guests and residents of the zoo are allowed to share the most positive emotions.

Once a month at the zoo, the “Day of Kindness” action is a charity event. These are guided tours that are conducted for children in need.

“Embassy of the Forest” is located at the address: Comandante Prospect Street Planner, Building 59 (TC “Montpensier”, 3rd floor)

7. Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines

Museo de máquinas recreativas soviéticas

In the mid-seventies, players had few options: dominoes, chess and checkers, board games of a generation that gradually disappeared, to welcome into society the addicted to certain contingents or bored students and that is when slot machines entered the entertainment market.

“Small town” and “Highway”, “Battleship” and “Basketball”, “Sniper” and “Meet-M” kids fell in love with these entertainment machines. And now, these slot machines can easily attract a lot of people because of their old style. These adults come to think about the past, about their young years. And in these primitive graphic slots that still cause originality, tenderness and naivety.

The museum has collected over 50 arcade machines. This collection is regularly updated. The last machine was brought from summer camp, which is located near Kaluga.

All the exhibits are participating in exhibitions and various events. The owners offer to install slot machines at parties or in travel agencies.

The slot machine museum located in a historical building, which used to be the imperial stables today has another purpose. All the original surroundings are very attractive for those who want to play the machines. There are also soda water vending machines. When you buy a ticket, a token service is offered, with which you can play in all 15 machines.

The museum is great for celebrating a birthday or a holiday. It is for children and adults. There are also workshops and competitions they organize.

This museum is located in the area of Nevsky Prospekt stables, house 2B.

8. The Model of “St. Petersburg Water”

Maqueta El agua de San Petersburgo

“The Waters of St. Petersburg” – a theater, where to go in St. Petersburg is necessary. It is a reconstruction of the life and main attractions of St. Petersburg, the time of the formation of the city and how the Russian fleet was born in the format of an interactive miniature.

This historical arrangement helps to recreate the image of the city in recent years. Before the eyes of the visitors they opened several architectural sets and landscapes from the time of Catherine the Great and Peter I. Guests of the northern capital will be able to see the city’s islands but without ordinary columns, the first port construction in the city, the beautiful Prince Menshikov’s mansion, which is on the site of St. Petersburg State University and Fortress in Oranienbaum, and a royal masked ball held at the Peterhof Palace. In the design time has stopped in the middle of the 18th century. The most important part of the exhibition has some St. Petersburg water areas, which are located in the perimeter of the main architectural attractions.

One of the main objectives of the layout of the hall is a reconstruction of the urban complex. The most important thing is the idea of the organization of the project is to show all the life of the northern capital. With the help of modern technology made interactive environment that can be controlled by pressing buttons.

The theatre is located in Malaya Morskaya Street, Building 4, SEC “Admiral”, 6th floor.

9. El patio con la casa Carlson.

El patio con la casa Carlson

El bueno de Carlson se fue volando, pero prometió a todos volver. No defraudó, y regresó a San Petersburgo, y se instaló en su propia casa.
Con el fin de ver la casa del héroe, se pueden haber desviado al hermoso patio de la ciudad a lo largo del terraplén que lleva a la casa de nuestro heroe, ella se puede ver en una de las casas en el techo como hay un pequeño y acogedor establecimiento, que cuenta con cortinas y una pequeña linterna exterior.
También en el patio, dondese encuentra la casa de Carlson, hay  un teatro para niños llamado Karlsson Haus. Una conocida leyenda dice que Carlson lleva un largo tiempo viviendo en el ático. Para acceder es necesario comprar un boleto para poder disfrutar de la visita.

Casa se encuentra en la avenida Nevsky Prospekt, Gostiny Dvor, Fontanka Embankment, Edificio 50.

10. The Toy Museum.

Museo del Juguete

This museum has enough space for all the toys: a mother and a teddy bear and a modern doll.

This museum, which is to go with children. And it’s not just about satisfying children, but about making sure that all children who love toys and adults enjoy themselves. Here you can talk to your child about his or her remarkable childhood: to show him or her the toys that Russian children used long ago.

The main feature of this museum is that its organizers see that play is not only children’s entertainment, but any toy is an art form, and only then a child’s game. You can explore the history of mankind with toys. Here are rag toys for peasant children and luxury porcelain dolls in gold. The museum’s greatest pride is a German dollhouse where 40 18th century porcelain beauties live.

The Toy Museum has three large rooms.

You can visit the museum in Chkalovskaya Karpovka Street, house 32.

Everyone who has visited St. Petersburg knows that it is a must in life, and the 2018 FIFA World Cup is an excellent opportunity to do so, as well as to watch entertaining football. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare for the trip to extract maximum enjoyment.

People should see all the interesting cultural heritage, and educational and entertainment activities should also be included in the programme of recreation.

Places to visit in Kaliningrad

Kaliningrad, one of the oldest cities in Russia. In 1255 it was founded as the castle of a knight “Konigsberg”. For several centuries it was part of Prussia, and was one of the cultural, economic and scientific centers of the Kingdom. After joining the Soviet Union in 1946, it was decided to change the name to a “Soviet” one.

Population of the city is constantly growing and now has about 450,000 inhabitants. Thanks to the rich past and the special geographical location of Kaliningrad it has a lot of unique attractions and interesting features. Due to this, it attracts many tourists from all over the world.

Below we present the main places of Kaliningrad with a photo and a description.

1. Amalienau

kaliningrado Amalienau

Location: between La Victoria Park and Lesoparkovaya Street

Amalienau, one of the historical districts of Kaliningrad. It was built in the period before the war in Germany, but the development plan is far from conventional canons. This place is not characterized by smooth and straight streets. None of the roads intersect the other at a right angle. The houses differ, however, and were built approximately the same size with a height of 2 floors. They must go to feel the atmosphere of the old Königsberg.

2. The Brandenburg Gate

kaliningrado La Puerta de Brandenburgo

Address: Calle Bagration, 137

In the old Königsberg there were a few dozen doors. Through them, the city was reached and citizens were monitored. Now only 7 survived, but Brandenburg used for the intended purpose, in its arches located on the highway. In the middle of the seventeenth century they were built of wood, but a century later it was decided to build a brick structure like the one we see now. The doors are made in the Gothic style, there are two tall wings and they are often portrayed in local souvenirs.

3. The Zoo

kaliningrado Zoo

Official website:

Address: Prospect Mira, 26

Opening hours: in the summer from 9.00 to 20.00 in the winter – 9.00 to 17.00;

Total ticket price: 200 rubles for adults and children – 50.

The Kaliningrad Zoo was founded as a commercial project at the end of the 19th century. It occupies 16 hectares of land, it is the largest zoo in present-day Russia. In its territory are rare animals and plants, so the institution has the status of the natural park. The well-known Zoo is very special due to its unusual guest: more than 30 years living here, a crow “Yasha”.

4. Konigsberg castle

kaliningrado Castillo Konigsberg

Address: Shevchenko Street 2

Open every day from May to October from 10:00 to 18:00;

Cost: 70 rubles.

Before the Second World War in the Königsberg castle there was a famous Amber Room. The castle did not survive until our days, so the exhibition is an observation platform. Visitors can take a look at the remains of the western wing and some parts of the foundation. This site is the usual setting for historical festivals and festivals. Guests have the opportunity to see the jousting tournaments, take a look at the old artisan techniques and try the country cuisine.

5. Kreuzkirche (Church of the Holy Cross)

kaliningrado Kreuzkirche (Iglesia de la Santa Cruz)

Address: General Pavlov Street 2

The church is open from 8.00 to 22.00.

Kreuzkirche is an Orthodox Church, which is based on unusual architecture. The building is Gothic in style, as in the medieval Catholic churches. This is due to the fact that in 1930 the church was built as an Evangelical Lutheran parish, and in 1986 it was passed on to the Orthodox Kreuzkirche community. Therefore, the interior has been redesigned according to the rules of the Russian Orthodox Church. Of particular interest is a unique iconostasis made of amber.

6. Amber Museum

kaliningrado Museo del Ámbar

Official website:;

Address: pl. Marshal Vasilevski 1

Hours: from 10.00 to 19.00 in the summer, from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. in the winter;

Price: 200 rubles (for students and schoolchildren in 100 and 80, respectively).

The Amber of the Baltic coast became one of the main resources in the region. In 1979 the museum was inaugurated. Its purpose is to make visitors aware of the history of the stone, with the peculiarities of production and processing, as well as a demonstration of products and works of art, which are involved in the execution of amber. It is the most visited museum in the city, here you can buy different souvenirs.

7. The city of Fishing

Official website:

Address: Oktyabrskaya Street 8

The fishermens’ town” is a neighborhood of the city, which joined the administration in 2003. The complex has so much economic and cultural value. The architecture of the area refers to the pre-war style in Koenigsberg, which supports the general appearance of the historic center. On the other hand, the built facilities serve as shopping centers, entertainment venues, cafes and restaurants for locals and tourists. “El Pueblo de los Pescadores” includes a part of the equipped promenade, pedestrian bridge, a small pier and 14 buildings for different purposes.

Kaliningrad is a great city for tourists. There is a lot to see and the same places are interesting as individual tourists and as families with children. One of the most unique cities in Russia has all the necessary infrastructure. Those who travel for pleasure, including foreign tourists, will be held for leisure and family comfort. In Kaliningrad it will necessarily take a good impression and will make you come back here again.

What to visit in Sochi

Sochi is one of the most famous tourist cities of Russia, and is loved, not only by local residents and residents of other Russian cities, but also many foreigners.
The city was founded in 1838 years. The city has a very old history, and this is confirmed by all the archaeological finds.

Taking into account the latest data, its population is approximately 399,673 people. It is called “the pearl of the Black Sea” for its extraordinary beauty and pleasant humid subtropical climate.

Below we present the main attractions of Sochi with photos and description:

1. Sochi Arboretum (Forest of Trees)

Sochi Arboretum (Bosque de Arboles)

Those who admire the beauty of nature, such as fauna and flora something unusual, a visit to the Botanical Garden of Sochi causes only positive emotions. Its impressive scale, and it is almost 50 hectares of the total area, full of subtropical plants and animals. Those who are interested in the inhabitants of the Black Sea here will be pleased. There is like a huge aquarium, located at the bottom of the park. A cable car rises above the arboretum, which allows you to see the park at a relatively low altitude.

The park was founded in 1889, but before it was a villa of the famous playwright S.N. Hudenkova “С.Н. Худенкова”. He tried to collect plants from all over the world and the village was filled with a variety of beautiful flora species. Later, concretely in 1922, this park was nationalized.

You can find this attraction in Курортный проспект 74, in the city of Sochi.

2. Mount Akhun

sochi Monte Akhun

Mount Akhun attracts those tourists who like majestic peaks, incredibly clean air and unspoiled nature. The highest point of the mountain – 663 meters above sea level. On the hill you can find a well-known monument, an observation tower in Romanesque style. Climbing the mountain, you will have a nice view from the Lazarev to the Caucasus mountains. In addition, in the depths of Akhun there are a score of caves, for lovers of speleology.

3. Recreational Park “Riviera”

sochi Parque Recreativo Riviera

For the fans of various places of interest and entertainment, the “Riviera” park will be of great importance. There you will find the famous bench of reconciliation, a cinema, an exhibition hall, an aquarium and the dolphinarium, as well as a library, a disco, the fountain of love and Green Theater or open-air theater, famous for its shows, this Park is an authentic beauty full of activities. Visitors to the park will see parrots and beautiful aromatic plants. Especially attracted by the plantations of roses and that charm of beauty and unique species of this flower.

The park is located in the city of Sochi in the first house on Egorova street.

4. “Orekhovskiy” waterfall

sochi cascada Orekhovskiy

“Orekhovskiy” The waterfall leaves no one indifferent. The cause of multiple delights and an incredible natural panorama combined with drinking water, which is so nice to cool off after a walk through a hot city. It’s worth it and for this reason many tourists visit the falls and even in the winter to enjoy the majesty of its natural air and fresh water coming from fast currents.

To get to this natural wonder, just to sit on the bus number 102 and go to the end. The bus can take it in the center of the city.

5. Cave of “Vorontsovskaya”

sochi Cueva de Vorontsovskaya

This cave is one of the largest caves in the Caucasus. It is full of stalactites and stalagmites in different ways. It has a light for safety and comfort that helps to consider all its parts better. Another reason to be of interest to tourists this attraction is that once they found the remains of a bear of the caverns that had many centuries.

To reach it you need to reach the Vorontsovka village, find a monument to the dead pilots and walk to it for several minutes.

6. The Dacha of Stalin


Stalin’s Dacha or Stalin’s Country House is interesting since the whole house has remained virtually unchanged. You can find personal items of the famous leader, his clothes and, of course, his personal photos.

It is located in Курортном проспекте 24 in the city of Sochi.

7. Nursery for monkeys

sochi vivero para los monos

See the life of monkeys fun and interesting. This you can see if you visit the monkey nursery in Sochi. All the monkeys live in cages. It is little to say that it has almost all kinds of monkeys that exist on our planet. It is recommended to visit this place with a guide who can talk to you in great detail about many interesting species of these animals, their characteristics and peculiarities.

Of course, this is not the whole list of places of interest in the city, because Sochi is full of them, and each of them is interesting in its own way. Any view of the city of Sochi, has its own history and unique details, causing great interest among tourists. Therefore, to visit the “pearl of the Black Sea”, in this great city there are many places to stay that is pleasant for absolutely any time.

We can say that this unique city is attractive for its springs, beautiful streets and pleasant atmosphere.

What to visit in Yekaterinburg

Yekaterinburg (formerly called Sverdlovsk) is considered the capital of the Urals. For a long time it served as a starting point in the Urals circle, and still deserves direct attention to its cultural heritage and its historical sites.

An interesting fact is that initially in the place that is Yekaterinburg had to create the base of the city artificially, and this is where the history of this city began. The first Russian reformer Peter the Great in 1721, planned to put in this place the production of iron ore. The scale of the construction of the artificial base is not inferior to the construction of St. Petersburg.

Now this city in terms of population is fourth after Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg and Moscow, with 1,383,700 inhabitants living in it now. In the city there are many unique historical places, which must be visited.

Here we present the main attractions of Yekaterinburg with photos and description:

1. Urals Nature Museum.

ekaterinburg Museo de la Naturaleza de los Urales.

The largest museum in the city has more than 60 thousand objects. Of course, seeing so many at once is not possible, since some of them are in the warehouse or in reconstruction. The museum presents a wide variety of flora and fauna of the Ural region. Paleontological department impressive, that exposed the bones of a mammoth, a bear of the caverns and some deer.

An extensive collection in the wildlife department, where a number of animals are dissected in a box with the image of their habitat.

With an excellent preserved diorama, they have created an unforgettable experience when visiting the museum. In addition, the museum is very well and reveal archaeological features of the Ural mountains. Even here there is a room of oddities, where there are many rare and exotic wildlife species. Among them, a stuffed crocodile, who has lived in the local zoo for more than 60 years.

Address: Str. Gorki, 4

2. New monastery-Tikhvin.

ekaterinburg Nuevo monasterio-Tikhvin.

The convent dates from the 18th century. A wealthy merchant buried his wife in the cemetery and decided to build a church there, but at the beginning it was made of wood. The house was empty for a long time, until it was taken by three women, who led a solitary life, and praying hard. Thus began the convent, in the middle of the 19th century there were a little less than a thousand residents.

ekaterinburg Nuevo monasterio-Tikhvin

The monastery became a place for many pilgrims, including representatives of the royal family. In the territory there are six churches, with cells and various workshops. In the Soviet era the building was destroyed, and for the moment, it is working on the restoration and recovery of the walls. In 1994, by decree of the Holy Synod, the monastery was gradually restored according to the old tradition.

At this moment in the monastery there are more than 150 sisters who live in its territory. Here they opened a soup kitchen and an orphanage.

Address: Str. Green Grove, d. one

3. House Sevastyanov.

ekaterinburg Casa Sevastyanov.

Architectural excellence in classic style with a touch of Gothic voyeur, not only for tourists, but also for the residents who live here.

ekaterinburg Casa Sevastyanov

Curved corners and a lot of stucco were a novelty at the time. The house, beauty and grandiosity in no way inferior to the palace that gained its unique appearance in the 19th century. Before that, the building changed owners several times, but the name Sevastyanov was lawful for the building.

Nikolai, the owner, loved his house, and wrote about it a legend, which is still remembered. The Soviet government in 1917, considered its architectural perfection After Sevastyanovskogo house was recovered at a cost of 1.8 billion. Rubles.

Currently, the building is listed among the architectural monuments of the cultural heritage of federal importance.

Address: Lenin Avenue 35

4. Museum of History the stone and jewels.

ekaterinburg Museo de Historia lapidaria y joyas.

The Museum was founded in 1992 in the place that previously occupied the pharmacy department of the mountain. The architecture of the building still remains unchanged since 1821. Among the jewels there are precious metals, stone articles, a collection of ancient coins and unique paintings.

The products of the Urals were famous all over the world, for this reason they were included Lapidarian works created by decree of the emperor, that take the name of Catherine. Masterpieces of the stone factory that are still in the palaces of St. Petersburg.

ekaterinburgMuseo de Historia lapidaria y joyas

But to see this in detail the idea was to create the museum, which transported from the past to our days the splendor of this art. There is a remarkable collection of stone stamps, malachite items, which you can not only see, but also to learn the method for manufacturing, cutting and complexity of the process.
Also on display are Klebnikov’s famous jeweler, garnet earrings, dating from the 18th century of a family of Tarasova merchants.
The museum not only has an exhibition hall, but organizes exhibitions on request. Not long ago the Olympic medals brought from Sochi were shown.

Address: 37 Lenin Street

5. Zoo Yekaterinburg.

ekaterinburg Zoo Ekaterimburgo.

If you are interested in wildlife or you are wondering where to go with children, better place than a zoo in Yekaterinburg, you will not find. The enormous size of the area of 30 hectares, which will soon expand to 40 hectares. Here are types of animals that can only be seen here. More than 70 species of Red Book fauna.

ekaterinburg Zoo Ekaterimburgo

In 1930, the foundation of the zoo had only 60 species, now the number of individuals exceeds 1200 and the management of the zoo is responsible for bringing new animals every year. Here you can see tigers, Amur leopards, snow leopards, chimpanzees, Indian elephants and many others.

The exotic species of animals that live here and reproduce, which is an indicator of the conditions of good condition in which the facilities are located. Near each enclosure there are signs with a detailed description and the name of the inhabitants of the zoo.

ekaterinburgo Zoo Ekaterimburgo

The Yekaterinburg Zoo has satisfied the needs during the holidays to students with various educational activities and competitions. Biology circle also works, in which students can consolidate their knowledge of the school.

Address: Ul. Mamin – Sibiryak, 29

Ekaterinburg can be attributed that it is one of those cities that is worth seeing at least once in a lifetime. Touch the places where tales and legends were created, and immerse yourself in the world of tales of the Urals, gems and mountains. It is a stone gem craftsmanship for foreign tourists is exotic, and it is not surprising that the popularity of these places will only grow and attract more and more people to assess the identity of the Urals. Having been here once, you will have to come back here again and again.


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