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Moscow is undoubtedly the most important city in the country and one of the largest cities in the world, it is the second largest city in Europe with 17 million inhabitants and is the economic and political center of modern Russia.
Its foundation dates from the year 1147 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruki, who coming from Kiev and expanding its territories right in this place, built a defensive wooden site where right now the Kremlin is located to be part of Kievan Rus.
From its foundation the city was gaining inhabitants and importance throughout the time until becoming the predominant city of its surroundings and surpassing to others like Vladimir or Kiev with the step of the years.
Great Princes exercised their mandate behind their walls, Dimitri Donskoy (1359) builder of the first Kremlin in stone and first prince who rose against the Tatar domain or Ivan III the Great (1440). From them were proclaimed the first Tsars of Russia (1547, Ivan IV the Terrible) that expanded the territory to the east and turned Russia into a great territorial and military power.
During the reign of Emperor Peter the Great and in founding St. Petersburg (1704) the capital was moved to that city and will not return to Moscow until 1918, the communists commanded by Lenin returned to rename the capital of the country and communism, from their offices and buildings Lenin, Stalin and other great leaders created and founded the Soviet Union and turned it into a world power.
On several occasions it was subdued by invading countries without success, since the Poles (1612), Napoleon Bonaparte (1812) or Hitler’s Germany (1941) were close to conquering it but finally they were always defeated and expelled.
Due to its history and the economic power of the country in all its corners you can breathe greatness of times and periods, it is an incredibly majestic city to visit.
Of these places we highlight for example its metro, an authentic underground museum, its large parks and forests where the tsars and emperors rested in summer or its historic center that mixes palatial buildings with austere Stalinist skyscrapers.
Do not hesitate to visit it with Moscow Free Tour.