About Nizhni Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod is located about 420 km east of the capital, and is the political, economic and cultural center of the Volga federal district.
With more than 1 million inhabitants, it is among the 5 most populated cities in the country. It is located right where the Volga and Oká rivers meet.
Founded in 1221 between the two rivers and surrounded by a pit, the first forts (Kremlin) were built in wood. It became a great cultural and commercial center since it is located at the intersection point of the eastern and western routes. Due to this it was besieged and destroyed up to 7 times by the Tartar people, until at the end of the 14th century the prince of Moscow unified all its territories and the city lost its independence.
In 1612 when Russia was invaded by the Poles who came to take the capital, from Nizhny Novgorod and from the hands of the merchant Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitri Pozharski, a large army was organized for the recovery and liberation of Moscow, a very important fact for the future of the country and of recognized patriotic value that is still remembered today.
In the 19th century Nizhny Novgorod became a major trading center of the Russian Empire and the most important fair in the country was moved to the city. Later during the Soviet period, the city became an important industrial center, actively participated in the construction of heavy weapons and was heavily bombed by German aircraft.
After the war and until 1990 the city was inaccessible to foreigners and remained closed. As a curiosity the name of the city during the Soviet Union was Gorky, in honor of the writer born in this same city and recovered that of Nizhni Novgorod in the 90s.
Unesco awarded the city of Nizhny Novgorod including it among the 100 cities that represent the historical and cultural value of the world, its historic center or its Kremlin are essential places to visit in the city.
Come with Free Tour Nizhni Novgorod to know the city.