The Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino

Visit the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino: main information

Visit the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino, one of the great museums of Moscow. Getting to know the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino is ideal for a guided tour. Tour the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino only with Free Tours Russia who offers you the best tour services in Spanish.

Tour the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino

The Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino is located in the vicinity of the Parque de la Victoria, on the opposite side of the subway street of the city. This place now includes several departments and has three exhibitions. Here it is given place to the exhibition of the facts happened during the Patriotic War of 1812. As well as of the General Battle in the town of Borodino. In the “Kutusov Hut”, visitors can find details about the military council of the Russian generals, which happened in the Fili Village on September 13, 1812. This is the “Museum of the Heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia” ” Which, is dedicated to the deep traditions of Russian heroism. It is made up of collections has a long and hectic history. It is the ideal museum to know Russian history, especially 1812 in Russia.

Get to know the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino: history

If you plan to visit the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino, you should know that during the 19th century, a wooden building was built, where before it was the “Martial Council of Izba”, through which the museum was opened. This place was called “Kutuzovskaya Hut”, and it offered exhibitions about the Patriotic War of 1812, the Military Council in Fili and also about the Sovereign Prince M.I Kutuzov.

In 2006, it became a non-profit cultural institution, and included the full Cavaliers of the Order of Glory. After several years, the Moscow municipality decided to build a new building for the “Heroes of the Museum” and transfer it to the management of the “Borodino Battle” Panoramic Museum.

In front of the entrance, as it should be, there is a monument to Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, and to be precise Golenishchev-Kutuzov-Smolensky. The last prefix to his name that he received just after the war in 1812 in Russia.

The museum has many paintings about the events of the War of 1812, which provide a special interest. Here is written the life, battles and real events that happened in the history of our country.

For example, the painting of “The feat of the soldiers Raevsky of Saltanovka”, describes the moment when the French troops occupied Mogilev, blocking the way of the Second Army to join the army of Barclay de Tolly. When Bagration sent Lieutenant General Rayevsky’s 7th Infantry Corps to the city. The general personally led one of the attacks, taking with him his children, who were 10 and 16 years old, inspired by their own example of soldiers under the strong fire of the cards.

Another picture is of the Most Serene Prince Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov-Smolensky. In August of 1812 in Russia, the commander-in-chief of the Russian army, would unite all the forces to give a decisive battle, besides eliminating the friction within the structure of command between Bagration and Barclay de Tolly. The first pleaded for the active actions of the army, the second led a line of withdrawal and this time between them there were constant confrontations.

On the other hand, why did Kutuzov have the honor of leading the army? This site tells you. Kutuzov was one of the most experienced generals of the time, who participated in the wars against Turkey and in Catherine and Alexander I. In the war of the window they indicate that the yatagán was used as Turkish jenízaras arms and the Cross for the capture of Ismael , the fortress that was considered impregnable. They are on the left side of the store window. Kutuzov fought under the command of P.A. Rumyantsev and A.V. Suvorov, he was well educated. He graduated from the noble artillery engineering school and there he shows the type of tools he used to carry out his studies (it is believed that they belonged to him).

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There is a place called “The Little Gallery”. Here is a group of military portraits, which is located in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg.

There is a place called “The Little Gallery”. Here is a group of military portraits, which is located in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg.

The following exhibition is dedicated to the families of the troops of the Russian and French armies of the time. The soldiers of our army are shown on the left and the French on the right.

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The cuirassier is a mounted soldier, wearing a breastplate and a helmet with a feather, armed with a saber. The cuirassiers were the army’s shock unit, the strongest men were physically selected here.

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Exhibitions of the Panoramic Museum of the Battle of Borodino

How was 1812 in Russia? Here is the list of exhibitions to learn about Russian history:

• The cuirassier: a mounted soldier, wearing a breastplate and a helmet with a feather, armed with a saber. The cuirassiers were the army’s shock unit, the strongest men were physically selected here.

• The Cuirassier with armor and helmet of the Russian troops.

• The last soldier representing the artillery, armed with a sword.

• The infantry of the French army in 1812 (in the foreground).

• The cuirassier of the French army of 1812

• The artilleryman of the French army in 1812

• The weapons of soldiers of the French army.

• The genuine helmet and corset of the French soldiers.

• The Order of the Legion of Honor: it is the main award of the French army.

Finally, we return to the panorama of the Battle of Borodino. This is an image of 115 m long and 15 m high. This painting was written for the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino in 1912. The work took 11 months. The second part of the panorama is the plan of the frontal theme, organically connected with the image. In the pictures below it is even difficult to tell where there is something. Lighting in the corridor creates the effect of sunlight. It is very similar to the brilliant day this battle took place.

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Now we are in Borodino camp, on the left flank of the Russian army, in the village of Semenovskoe.

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In itself, the whole panorama is divided into 4 sectors, showing what was happening on the Borodino battlefield.

The results of the battle are ambiguous. Although Napoleon occupied the field after it, and the Russian troops withdrew to Moscow, he did not fulfill his main task, which was to destroy the Russian army. In the Borodino field, he did not win either, the losses were huge on both sides. Therefore, the war continued.

Now we leave the battle and go to the last room of the museum. Here the images mainly show the events that happened after the battle:

• The Military Council in Fili, where it was decided to leave Moscow to the French. The plot of the image was a description of the epic novel “War and Peace.”

• The army and Russian residents leaving Moscow.

• The entry of the French army in Moscow on September 14, 1812 in Russia. Napoleon on the Poklonnaya Hill waited for him to take the symbolic keys of the city. And he was very surprised when this did not happen. The image clearly shows the height of the Poklonnaya Hill at that time, and what view was opened in Moscow.

• The projection of the burning of Moscow with a sound design.

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Before the withdrawal of Russian troops, the city was burned down by order of the governor of the time.

Napoleon, while in Moscow, sent letters to Alexander I three times with a proposal for peace, but never received an answer.

Napoleon leaves Moscow. He exhausted the stocks, the local peasant population refused to give his army, destroyed the food crops, and decided to move to the Smolensk war. But the road to Kaluga was blocked by the Russian army. As a result of the battle, Napoleon was forced to retreat and move in the same way that his army attacked Moscow. That is, he was again without provisions.

The way in which Napoleon’s troops went through the Berezina River was building two bridges. Some of the troops managed to cross when the Russian soldiers appeared. Napoleon’s army began to panic, one of the bridges collapsed and the second Napoleon himself ordered to be burned. In this battle, the French army decreased by several tens of thousands of people.

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The last image is called “Napoleon’s return from the campaign against Russia.” It shows the state in which the old great army was returning. In the snow there was the body of a man, a chest with precious jewels that fell from him, plundered in Moscow with good, that nobody needs. Of the troops pathetic crumbs remained.

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According to a survey conducted by the Public Opinion Foundation in 2012, almost a third of Russians do not know who fought 1812 in Russia.

 

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