Kaliningrad, one of the oldest cities in Russia. In 1255 it was founded as the castle of a knight “Konigsberg”. For several centuries it was part of Prussia, and was one of the cultural, economic and scientific centers of the Kingdom. After joining the Soviet Union in 1946, it was decided to change the name to a “Soviet” one.
Population of the city is constantly growing and now has about 450,000 inhabitants. Thanks to the rich past and the special geographical location of Kaliningrad it has a lot of unique attractions and interesting features. Due to this, it attracts many tourists from all over the world.
Below we present the main places of Kaliningrad with a photo and a description.
Location: between La Victoria Park and Lesoparkovaya Street
Amalienau, one of the historical districts of Kaliningrad. It was built in the period before the war in Germany, but the development plan is far from conventional canons. This place is not characterized by smooth and straight streets. None of the roads intersect the other at a right angle. The houses differ, however, and were built approximately the same size with a height of 2 floors. They must go to feel the atmosphere of the old Königsberg.
2. The Brandenburg Gate
Address: Calle Bagration, 137
In the old Königsberg there were a few dozen doors. Through them, the city was reached and citizens were monitored. Now only 7 survived, but Brandenburg used for the intended purpose, in its arches located on the highway. In the middle of the seventeenth century they were built of wood, but a century later it was decided to build a brick structure like the one we see now. The doors are made in the Gothic style, there are two tall wings and they are often portrayed in local souvenirs.
3. The Zoo
Official website: http://kldzoo.ru/
Address: Prospect Mira, 26
Opening hours: in the summer from 9.00 to 20.00 in the winter – 9.00 to 17.00;
Total ticket price: 200 rubles for adults and children – 50.
The Kaliningrad Zoo was founded as a commercial project at the end of the 19th century. It occupies 16 hectares of land, it is the largest zoo in present-day Russia. In its territory are rare animals and plants, so the institution has the status of the natural park. The well-known Zoo is very special due to its unusual guest: more than 30 years living here, a crow “Yasha”.
4. Konigsberg castle
Address: Shevchenko Street 2
Open every day from May to October from 10:00 to 18:00;
Cost: 70 rubles.
Before the Second World War in the Königsberg castle there was a famous Amber Room. The castle did not survive until our days, so the exhibition is an observation platform. Visitors can take a look at the remains of the western wing and some parts of the foundation. This site is the usual setting for historical festivals and festivals. Guests have the opportunity to see the jousting tournaments, take a look at the old artisan techniques and try the country cuisine.
5. Kreuzkirche (Church of the Holy Cross)
Address: General Pavlov Street 2
The church is open from 8.00 to 22.00.
Kreuzkirche is an Orthodox Church, which is based on unusual architecture. The building is Gothic in style, as in the medieval Catholic churches. This is due to the fact that in 1930 the church was built as an Evangelical Lutheran parish, and in 1986 it was passed on to the Orthodox Kreuzkirche community. Therefore, the interior has been redesigned according to the rules of the Russian Orthodox Church. Of particular interest is a unique iconostasis made of amber.
6. Amber Museum
Official website: http://www.ambermuseum.ru/;
Address: pl. Marshal Vasilevski 1
Hours: from 10.00 to 19.00 in the summer, from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. in the winter;
Price: 200 rubles (for students and schoolchildren in 100 and 80, respectively).
The Amber of the Baltic coast became one of the main resources in the region. In 1979 the museum was inaugurated. Its purpose is to make visitors aware of the history of the stone, with the peculiarities of production and processing, as well as a demonstration of products and works of art, which are involved in the execution of amber. It is the most visited museum in the city, here you can buy different souvenirs.
7. The city of Fishing
Official website: http://www.pfcompany.ru/
Address: Oktyabrskaya Street 8
“The fishermens’ town” is a neighborhood of the city, which joined the administration in 2003. The complex has so much economic and cultural value. The architecture of the area refers to the pre-war style in Koenigsberg, which supports the general appearance of the historic center. On the other hand, the built facilities serve as shopping centers, entertainment venues, cafes and restaurants for locals and tourists. “El Pueblo de los Pescadores” includes a part of the equipped promenade, pedestrian bridge, a small pier and 14 buildings for different purposes.
Kaliningrad is a great city for tourists. There is a lot to see and the same places are interesting as individual tourists and as families with children. One of the most unique cities in Russia has all the necessary infrastructure. Those who travel for pleasure, including foreign tourists, will be held for leisure and family comfort. In Kaliningrad it will necessarily take a good impression and will make you come back here again.