At Aleksandr’s entrance to the Kremlin, you can immediately see the Bell Tower of the Church of the Crucifixion. Its interior and exterior inspection is included in the tour of the medieval royal residence and the Assumption convent, however, it has a view of Aleksandrov’s observation tower which is partially obscured by tall trees.
According to legend, even here, during the reign of Ivan the Terrible, was the Russian aeronautics. The slave Nikita jumped from the tower on improvised wooden wings with feathers and miraculously landed on the river bank.
The Church of the Crucifixion is located inside the building with a Belfry, which is also associated with dark legends of massacres of the severe king. Rumors say that in the church there are small rooms where tortures were organized, but the screams were muffled by the thick walls.
In the Middle Ages it was a watchtower. After Ivan the Terrible moved to the Alexander neighborhood, the palace’s roofs were obstructed by the surrounding buildings and a forest, that the visibility of the tower fell heavily, from there, the construction of the building became a church with a bell tower.
The Church of the Crucifixion was renovated several times. In the 17th century Polish troops seriously mistreated the royal residence, so Ivan had to leave the place. Without his supervision and funding, the palace quickly fell into disuse, and only at the end of the 20th century did the restorers return it to its previous form. The bells have been changed several times: some were made of gun casting, so they had to be removed due to the low quality of the alloy. It was only in the early 1990s of the 20th century that the multi-bell belfry was established, the largest of which weighs over a ton.
The Church of the Crucifixion has a height of 56 m, it was built in the typical style of the old Russian architecture. The lower gallery has a three-level arch. Above them, a high canopy, where the bell is located. Even higher is a second gallery in the form of an octahedron, crowned with a dome. Then comes the third row with a small playground. From the south towards the bell tower it is next to the lower chamber, which is a secret passage.
Until 1707 there was a weakening due to the forced exile of Princess Martha Alekseevna. Perhaps because of her trials, the church was called the Crucifixion (or Passion).
Going up the bell tower there is a narrow stone spiral staircase, where the light falls through the narrow windows, so you can choose the best time of day to go.