The Church of St. Cosmas and Damian in Murom

The temples in Murom are worth visiting, so the Church of St. Cosmos and Damian (Church of Kosmodemyanskaya). According to the legend, it was built on the place where the shop of Ivan the Terrible was located from 10 to 20 July 1552, on his way to Kazan. The king promised to erect the churches of Murom in case the campaign was successful.

But this is not only a legend associated with the temple. Another legend says that at the bottom, below the church, are the tombs of the five commanders of Murom who died in the capture of Kazan. The third version says that the temple is named after the holy healers martyred in Rome, and then the two local blacksmith brothers. It was they who decided to help Ivanu Groznomu to face the Tartars, when the enemy entered the camp, on the other side of the river, they set fire to him. In the confusion of the fire, the Russian troops crossed the river and successfully attacked the army of Khan and the brave Cosmas and Damian died in the battle.

The beautiful dome shestnadtsatigranny of 12 meters high collapsed due to old age in 1868, and the tent, is crowned by the church of today, where the construction was made in 2009.

The architectural plan of the church is quite typical for the construction of the time: there is a small white stone structure “octagon in the quadrilateral” in the church with a vaulted tent. The decoration of the cornice is the only decorative detail, diluted and strict with a simple appearance. Unfortunately, the height of the beautiful dome Shestnadtsatigranny of 12 meters collapsed from old age in 1868, and the tent, is crowned by the church today, where the construction was made in 2009. In the process of restoration the dome was finished as a drum, which is decorated. The dome is crowned by a small Phillips onion.

Another legend tells that the construction of the church was dedicated to the architects Barma and Pskov, who built St. Vasiliya Blazhennogo in Moscow.

The utensils of the original temple were transferred to the Smolensk church, which therefore owes its second name to Novokosmodemyanskaya. There is a rare icon of St. Nicholas from the 16th century, which was later moved to the Murom Museum. In this museum you can see a miniature reply to the Kosmodemyanskiy temple.