The Fedora Volkova Drama Theatre of Russia in Yaroslavl has the current name of the Fedora Volkov, which, we have reason to believe, is the first professional theatre in the country. It was founded in 1750 by the son of the merchant F. Volkov. At that time, the theater had a group of amateurs, playing with their performances in the old barn. However, Fedor Volkov’s success in creating the theatre in professional Yaroslavl was so remarkable that even Empress Elisabeth invited him to St. Petersburg for similar work. Already in the 19th century the theatre in Yaroslavl was one of the best in the country.
Today, the theatre has the informal name “The First Russian”, and occupies a building that was built in 1911 by the architect N. Spirin. This is the third consecutive construction of the Theatre Square in Yaroslavl, later renamed in honour of the theatre’s founder. The facade, the portico and the walls of the building are decorated with sculptures, including figures from classical mythology associated with the arts. Inside the hall you can admire the painting “The Triumph of Dionysus” in the frieze, made by N. Verhoturova.
Today, the Fedora Volkova Drama Theatre is of the classical and avant-garde type, where activities are held on a federal and national scale in particular, such as the Volkov International Festival, which is in the top five forums of Russian theatre. The Youth Festival “The Future of Russian Theatre” was also held here.
The latest innovation at the Fedor Volkov Drama Theatre was an independent project based on the chamber stage, devoted mainly to contemporary and experimental drama.
Even in modern times, actors and theatrical performances carried a total of four “Golden Mask” awards.
In 1930, the Museum Theatre opened its doors. Its first exhibitions were of photographs, posters, among others. Later, the city’s art gallery gave the museum its entire collection for the acquisition of materials related to Yaroslavl’s theatrical history. At present, the museum’s funds amount to up to 15 thousand pieces. The most valuable of them are photos from the 1890s. And the glass negatives from the 1930s to the 1950s. There are also interesting landscape sketches in this theatre in Yaroslavl, manuscripts of plays, costumes and so on.
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