What to see in Yaroslavl?
What to see in Yaroslavl? Surely you have read in school, the word “Lay”, so this monument of ancient literature was found only in the Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration in Yaroslavl. This monastery is well known, since it was founded in the 12th century. In fact, Yaroslavl in Kremlin, is surrounded by a wall and is located in the center of the city. It is one of Yaroslavl’s monasteries that must be seen.
In the 18th century, the Monastery of the Transfiguration in Yaroslavl, was found in its library the only surviving copy of the “Lay”.
The Monastery of the Transfiguration played an important role in the history of Yaroslavl, it has long been its spiritual and economic center.
Ivan Grozny liked to visit this Monastery. He gave the place several villages, two hundred towns, fishing and salt mines. His son, Tsar Fyodor, also gave gifts to the monastery.
Many existing monuments are situated on the territory of the monastery, they were built much later since its foundation. For example, the largely preserved walls were originally made of wood, and only in the 17th century were the stone walls changed to steel. Then the stone tower of Bogoroditskaya, Uglich (preserved), El Sordo, St. Michael and the Water Gate were built.
In the first half of the 18th century, a large library was formed in the monastery, the work being carried out by the books of correspondence. At the end of the century, the metropolitan residence, which had previously been in Rostov, was moved here. After the revolution, the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery was turned into a museum.
Attractions of the Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration
Cathedral of the Transfiguration
The main temple of the monastery was built between 1216 and 1224, but after a fire in the 16th century, it was severely damaged, and then rebuilt with the image of the Annunciation and the cathedrals of the Archangel of the Moscow Kremlin. This is the temple we see now. It’s considered to be the oldest monument of the Ivan the Terrible era. A large iconostasis was created for the new cathedral and some icons have survived.
The Holy Gate
It was built at the beginning of the 16th century. It is not only the main entrance to the monastery but also the patrol tower for exploring the area.
It is part of a complex consisting of three buildings: the same chamber, the Church of the Nativity (16th century) and the Abbot (17th century).
Be sure to visit the cells where the monks lived in the 17th century! It is something that makes this monastery unique among other monasteries in Yaroslavl.
The Museum-Reserve of the Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration
On the territory of the Holy Monastery of the Transfiguration there is a historical-architectural and art museum (it is one of the Yaroslavl monasteries). Here you can see ancient art, woodcarving and carving from Russian churches. Here it houses a rich collection of Greek and Slavic manuscripts, and a “Lay” honor roll, which now occupies a separate exhibition. In addition, the museum regularly holds its exhibitions.
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