The height of the Snake Mountain is almost one kilometer (to be more precise, it is 994 m), it is a natural monument and one of the most interesting natural attractions of the Mineral Waters. The name of the mountain comes from “Tau Zhlak”, which in Turkish is “Snake Mountain”. The mountain was so named because its slopes were dissected by gullies, narrow and tortuous ditches, which are shaped from a distance, similar to crawling snakes. Today, the mountain has no such ravines, and all because of the fact that there are minerals extracted, and the mountain slopes are covered with pits and sinkholes. It’s a typical destination for exploring southern Russia.
Another version of the origin of the name of the mountain located in the Mineral Waters is that it is believed that its slopes were once literally infested with snakes, among which they were also poisonous. But, historically, this fact is not confirmed, and veterans of Mineralnye Vody do not remember this. Today there are few snakes, although the mountain flora and fauna is very interesting. The forest tracks have about 60 different species of trees, where also grow rare plants such as Euonymus, fraxinella, lily and rosehip.
The Snake Mountain is volcanic, or rather, it is of magmatic origin. Its tops are protruding and picturesque rocks that were formed by a special rock, the beshtaunitom, which is now being mined and used in the production of actively crushed stone. There is a stone processing plant at the quarry. It is the best option to explore southern Russia.
On the Snake Mountain, there are two monuments of interest, and two of them are dedicated to the Great Patriotic War. These are a monument to the quarry workers, who died during the war, and a monument to the group of paratroopers who landed here in 1942. At the top of the mountain are located the stone crosses, and on the western side are the mineral waters with a special composition. Not long ago an unusual stone structure was discovered here. Excavations revealed that there was an old brick factory with remains of household items, glassware, relating to approximately the 7th to 9th centuries AD.
Just above the residential buildings is the ancient altar, the jumble of large stones with steep slopes, where prayers and sacrifices were made.
At the foot of the serpent are two fountains, which are considered sacred. One of them is called the Holy Fountain. They were built with a stone arch and a drain in the shape of a small pool, and the other fountain was given the name of St. Theodosius. You can go to the mountain and have a great time walking or having a picnic. You can come here as part of a group trip, and active relaxation enthusiasts are offered a climb to the top. By the way, the Snake Mountain is considered one of the most difficult peaks to climb in the area.
Don’t forget to explore southern Russia during your trip here.
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