Russia is the country with the greatest cultural heritage. We would like to tell about one of them in this article. What typical Russian paintings and patterns do you know? Now we will tell you about traditional Russian drawings and Russian ornaments.
From the ancient times till now painting on wood, cloth, ceramics was the important and delicate work and above all through typical Russian paintings and patterns you can clearly see the traditional customs of Russia, which were born many centuries ago.
Let’s get to know some of the best known patterns in Russia.
- The Gzhel painting style.
Gzel is the type of Russian ornamental crafts, where only one color is used: blue. All drawings are made by hand. Change Gzel is the meaning of the place where they make pottery, which includes 27 villages in Russia. This region is 60 kilometers from Moscow. The history of the name Gzel has the Baltic origin, from the name of the river Agzelka, or Gzelka (Gzolka).
- Tagil tray.
Traditional Russian folk art on metal trays in Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, a unique phenomenon of Russian culture. It is believed that Tagil painting started the painting of Zhostovo.
Tagil painting on trays is a well-known brand of Russian folk art not only in the country but also in the suburbs. This work was founded more than 250 years ago. The oldest archive with information about the paintings is dated 1746, this date is also considered as the beginning of this style.
The style was born in the 18th century in the Urals, Russia, where the steel factories were located, and in the 19th century the trays began to be made in the Moscow provincial towns (Zhostovo for example).
- Zhostovo painting.
Folk art of traditional Russian drawings by hand on metal trays. The main motif of the painting: the bouquet of flowers.
The history of painting begins in the 19th century. And it is the continuation of Tagil painting.
The trays can have any shape: square, round and so on.
- Palekh’s painting.
Lacquered miniature executed in tempera on paper mache. Normally in this technique they paint the boxes, chests, ovens, brooches, panels, ashtrays, tie pins, needle bar, etc.
Folk crafts were always very well known in Russia, and have their roots in the Palekh people. Before the revolution they used to paint icons there, but after 1917 Palekh painters had to change the direction and created the style of Palekh decorative art, which considered painting on wood.
- Fedoskino miniature.
One of the types of Russian oil ornaments in mapie mashe on wood. This painting was formed in the 18th century in the village of Fedoskino in the Moscow region.
The main and favorite motifs were the themes of “Troika” (3 horses in the harness), “Tea Party”, the themes of Russian country life.
Russian decorative painting on wood, making with the colors black, red (and very rarely blue) on the golden background. Then the product is varnished two or three times and put in the oven.
They suppose that the Khokhloma style appeared in the 17th century on the left bank of the Volga River, in the villages of Bolshie and Malie Bezdeli, Makushino, Shabashi, Glibin, Khriashi
The village of Khokhloma was the main centre for selling these products, hence the origin of the name of the painting. Now the main town of Khokhloma is the town of Semionov in the Nizhny Novgorod region.
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