Samara is one of the largest cities in Russia, it is the center of the Samara region. The total population of 2.5 million people, which makes it a place of weight, Samara is seventh in the ranking of Russian cities. The city is a large economic, industrial and cultural center of the whole near the Volga River.
The most popular versions of the origin of the name of the city say that it is a fusion of two Greek words “SAMAR” – merchant and “AR” – native name of the Volga, as well as a reference to the Turkish language in which Samara translates as “River in the desert.”
The place appears on maps for the first time in the 60 years of the fourteenth century as a settlement near a pier, but its development began in 1586, when by decree of the king ordered to build a fortress to protect the Russian territory from regular attacks by the villages and nomadic control by waterway from Kazan to Astrakhan.
Oddly enough, but it stood out in the Samara peasant wars, by violent youths did not prevent the city from settling and becoming at the end of the 19th century the center of the Samara province, considered the best and fastest growing production industrial of the country. After the Revolution and the Civil War, Samara was renamed Kúibishev, restoring its original name in 1991. Unofficially, the city has the beautiful name of “Pearl of the Volga”.
Below are the main attractions of Samara with photos and description:
1. The Samara train station
Samara is able to hit the newcomer at first sight! Just take a step of the train and see the magnificent building of the train station, every day there are about 15 thousand passengers. The tall building (the Samara train station is the largest in Europe) is surprising by the elegance of its architectural solutions and luxury lining that gives the ease and luxury of the entire structure.
The station can please tourists and is an excellent observation platform, where from a height of 64 meters you can see much of the city.
Samara for its long history has gathered a large collection of attractions, and some of them are known throughout the country.
2. Stalin’s bunker
The most secret place of the Second World War, the last stronghold of the Supreme and created especially for Stalin, developed with the technology of the Moscow metro builders was opened to the public at the end of the 80’s of the last century.
The construction of the bunker was carried out in an atmosphere of absolute secrecy that employed some 4,000 people. Surprisingly, the designation of the project under construction was not aware of any citizen on foot of the city, since even the removal of the land took place late at night, but the workers did not leave the construction site. Bunker is one of the largest defensive structures in the world. By way of comparison, Hitler and other world leaders had deep shelters of no more than 16 meters!
Today, visitors can know the situation as everything is carefully stored, the interiors unpretentious, designed for senior officials. Perhaps the most remarkable part of the furniture can be a huge desk covered with green cloth.
3. Zhigulevsk Brewery
It is the home of Samara beer, the whole country knows this beer. It is not surprising that Zhiguli Brewery is still one of the favorite attractions of the city, it is actively visited by tourists. A beer produced here is an indispensable reminder of most visitors to the city, and Samartsev not proud to claim the best varieties of the country, the consumption of frothy drink in many establishments in the beautiful and virtually infinite.
Also the fresh beer you can buy the famous store in the factory. In addition to the undoubted taste qualities of the product, and tourists as the plant itself was built in 1881 and is officially recognized as an architectural monument.
4. The Samara Church
Tourists who arrive in the city early in the morning can see this place bathed in pink light as a mirage of the church. But it is completely natural! In the Russian city, and even in the Volga region in particular, it is difficult to imagine anything more wonderful than the narrow spiers of the Gothic style building, more familiar in the area of the old European cities. This catholic church takes the name of “the temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus”. The first time you look at the Gothic church gives the impression that you are not in Samara, and in some ancient city in the center of Europe.
The temple was built in 1890 in the personal money of the local Catholic community, first of wood and later of stone. The revolution was a devastating blow to the believers, and the church was abandoned for many years. After the war, the building became the Regional Museum of Samara, but after the events of the 91 temple again passed into the hands of the faithful, who made a complete restoration and sanctification.
5. The bronze cat
Of course, we can not forget the favorite monument of Samartsev in a radiator by the author of Nicolay Kukleva. Of course, the radiator is not attracted to men, but by the bronze cat that sunbathes next to it. According to the beliefs of the inhabitants of the city, the cat brings good luck to all who touch it, since the bas-relief is located a couple of meters above the ground. But people in search of happiness, nothing stops them, so polished by thousands of touches, and cat shines in the sun.
For tourists, leisure in Samara offers enormous possibilities for the search of new experiences. Fans will find Epicurean holiday entertainment for all tastes, from restaurants to nightclubs. Samara is a city expert in the art of relaxation! Who will know the history and culture can visit the many museums, exhibitions and plays, combined with walks through the shady parks and avenues of the city.
Almost all the streets and squares of the city are able to present their own history and modernity metropolis in evolution can be a couple of minutes to move to the wooden sidewalks of the old part of the city, which is greatly appreciated by the Young artists, in love with the charm of the changing, Samara is wind.